1. deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises;

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Syllogism \Syl"lo*gism\, n. [OE. silogisme, OF. silogime, sillogisme, F. syllogisme, L. syllogismus, Gr. syllogismo`s a reckoning all together, a reasoning, syllogism, fr. syllogi`zesqai to reckon all together, to bring at once before the mind, to infer, conclude; sy`n with, together + logi`zesqai to reckon, to conclude by reasoning. See Syn-, and Logistic, Logic.] (Logic) The regular logical form of every argument, consisting of three propositions, of which the first two are called the premises, and the last, the conclusion. The conclusion necessarily follows from the premises; so that, if these are true, the conclusion must be true, and the argument amounts to demonstration; Note: as in the following example: [1913 Webster] Every virtue is laudable; Kindness is a virtue; Therefore kindness is laudable. [1913 Webster] These propositions are denominated respectively the major premise, the minor premise, and the conclusion. [1913 Webster] Note: If the premises are not true and the syllogism is regular, the reasoning is valid, and the conclusion, whether true or false, is correctly derived. [1913 Webster] SyllogisticWordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

syllogism n 1: deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premisesMoby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

32 Moby Thesaurus words for "syllogism": Aristotelian sorites, Baconian method, Goclenian sorites, a fortiori reasoning, a posteriori reasoning, a priori reasoning, analysis, categorical syllogism, deduction, deductive reasoning, dilemma, enthymeme, epagoge, figure, generalization, hypothesis and verification, induction, inductive reasoning, inference, mode, modus tollens, mood, paralogism, particularization, philosophical induction, prosyllogism, pseudosyllogism, rule, rule of deduction, sorites, syllogistic reasoning, synthesisThe Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015):

syllogism /sil'oh-jiz`*m/Deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises. The conclusion necessarily follows from the premises so that, if these are true, the conclusion must be true, and the syllogism amounts to demonstration. To put it another way, the premises imply the conclusion. For example, every virtue is laudable; kindness is a virtue; therefore kindness is laudable. Strangely, a syllogism can still be true if the premises are false. Compare inference rule. [Relationship between premises?] (2009-10-28) The Devil's Dictionary (1881-1906):

SYLLOGISM, n. A logical formula consisting of a major and a minor assumption and an inconsequent. (See LOGIC.)