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Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (2)

1. a republic on the Seychelles islands; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1976;
[syn: Seychelles, Republic of Seychelles]

2. a group of about 90 islands in the western Indian Ocean to the north of Madagascar;
[syn: Seychelles, Seychelles islands]

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

Seychelles n 1: a republic on the Seychelles islands; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1976 [syn: Seychelles, Republic of Seychelles] 2: a group of about 90 islands in the western Indian Ocean to the north of Madagascar [syn: Seychelles, Seychelles islands]
CIA World Factbook 2002:

Seychelles Introduction Seychelles ----------------------- Background: A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993. Geography Seychelles -------------------- Location: Eastern Africa, group of islands in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar Geographic coordinates: 4 35 S, 55 40 E Map references: Africa Area: total: 455 sq km water: 0 sq km land: 455 sq km Area - comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC Land boundaries: 0 km Coastline: 491 km Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM territorial sea: 12 NM exclusive economic zone: 200 NM continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin Climate: tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May) Terrain: Mahe Group is granitic, narrow coastal strip, rocky, hilly; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: Morne Seychellois 905 m Natural resources: fish, copra, cinnamon trees Land use: arable land: 2.22% permanent crops: 13.33% other: 84.44% (1998 est.) Irrigated land: NA sq km Natural hazards: lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible Environment - current issues: water supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Geography - note: 40 granitic and about 50 coralline islands People Seychelles ----------------- Population: 80,098 (July 2002 est.) Age structure: 0-14 years: 27.8% (male 11,238; female 11,002) 15-64 years: 66% (male 25,763; female 27,086) 65 years and over: 6.2% (male 1,667; female 3,342) (2002 est.) Population growth rate: 0.47% (2002 est.) Birth rate: 17.27 births/1,000 population (2002 est.) Death rate: 6.57 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.) Net migration rate: -5.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.) Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.5 male(s)/ female total population: 0.93 male(s)/ female (2002 est.) Infant mortality rate: 16.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.) Life expectancy at birth: total population: 70.97 years female: 76.63 years (2002 est.) male: 65.48 years Total fertility rate: 1.81 children born/woman (2002 est.) HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA% HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA AIDS: HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA Nationality: noun: Seychellois (singular and plural) adjective: Seychellois Ethnic groups: mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab Religions: Roman Catholic 86.6%, Anglican 6.8%, other Christian 2.5%, other 4.1% Languages: English (official), French (official), Creole Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 58% male: 56% female: 60% (1971 est.) Government Seychelles --------------------- Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Seychelles conventional short form: Seychelles Government type: republic Capital: Victoria Administrative divisions: 23 administrative districts; Anse aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile, Anse Louis, Anse Royale, Baie Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade, Glacis, Grand' Anse (on Mahe), Grand' Anse (on Praslin), La Digue, La Riviere Anglaise, Mont Buxton, Mont Fleuri, Plaisance, Pointe La Rue, Port Glaud, Saint Louis, Takamaka Independence: 29 June 1976 (from UK) National holiday: Constitution Day (National Day), 18 June (1993) Constitution: 18 June 1993 Legal system: based on English common law, French civil law, and customary law Suffrage: 17 years of age; universal Executive branch: chief of state: President France Albert RENE (since 5 June 1977); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 31 August- 2 September 2001 (next to be held NA 2006) election results: France Albert RENE reelected president; percent of vote - France Albert RENE (SPPF) 54.19%, Wavel RAMKALAWAN (UO) 44.95%, Philippe BOULLE 0.86%; note - the first time that presidential elections have been held separately from legislative elections cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president head of government: President France Albert RENE (since 5 June 1977); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (34 seats - 25 elected by popular vote, 9 allocated on a proportional basis to parties winning at least 10 % of the vote; members serve five-year terms) elections: last held 20-22 March 1998 (next to be held by 2003) election results: percent of vote by party - SPPF 61.7%, UO 26.1%, DP 12.1%; seats by party - SPPF 30, UO 3, DP 1 note: the 9 awarded seats are apportioned according to the percentage that each party won of the total vote Judicial branch: Court of Appeal; Supreme Court; judges for both courts are appointed by the president Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party or DP [James MANCHAM]; Seychelles National Party or SNP (formerly the United Opposition or UO) [Wavel RAMKALAWAN]; Seychelles People's Progressive Front or SPPF [France Albert RENE] - the governing party Political pressure groups and Roman Catholic Church; trade unions leaders: International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, participation: G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer) Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Claude Sylvestre MOREL chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400C, New York, NY 10017 FAX: [1] (212) 972-1786 telephone: [1] (212) 972-1785 Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in US: Seychelles; the ambassador to Mauritius is accredited to the Seychelles Flag description: five oblique bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, red, white, and green (bottom) radiating from the bottom of the hoist side Economy Seychelles ------------------ Economy - overview: Since independence in 1976, per capita output in this Indian Ocean archipelago has expanded to roughly seven times the old near-subsistence level. Growth has been led by the tourist sector, which employs about 30% of the labor force and provides more than 70% of hard currency earnings, and by tuna fishing. In recent years the government has encouraged foreign investment in order to upgrade hotels and other services. At the same time, the government has moved to reduce the dependence on tourism by promoting the development of farming, fishing, and small-scale manufacturing. The vulnerability of the tourist sector was illustrated by the sharp drop in 1991-92 due largely to the Gulf war and once again following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on the US. Other issues facing the government are the curbing of the budget deficit, including the containment of social welfare costs, and further privatization of public enterprises. Growth slowed in 1998- 2001, due to sluggish tourist and tuna sectors. Also, tight controls on exchange rates and the scarcity of foreign exchange have impaired short-term economic prospects. The black market value of the Seychelles rupee is half the official exchange rate; without a devaluation of the currency the tourist sector should remain sluggish as vacationers seek cheaper destinations such as Comoros, Mauritius, and Madagascar. GDP: purchasing power parity - $605 million (2001 est.) GDP - real growth rate: 1.5% (2001 est.) GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $7,600 (2001 est.) GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3.1% industry: 26.3% services: 70.6% (1999) Population below poverty line: NA% Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA% percentage share: highest 10%: NA% Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6.1% (2001 est.) Labor force: 30,900 (1996) Labor force - by occupation: industry 19%, services 71%, agriculture 10% (1989) Unemployment rate: NA% Budget: revenues: $249 million expenditures: $262 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.) Industries: fishing; tourism; processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages Industrial production growth rate: NA% Electricity - production: 160 million kWh (2000) Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100% hydro: 0% other: 0% (2000) nuclear: 0% Electricity - consumption: 148.8 million kWh (2000) Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000) Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000) Agriculture - products: coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (tapioca), bananas; broiler chickens; tuna fish Exports: $182.6 million (f.o.b., 2001) Exports - commodities: canned tuna, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (reexports) Exports - partners: UK 48.1%, Italy 23.1%, France 14.8%, Netherlands 2.7% (1999) Imports: $360.2 million (f.o.b., 2001) Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals Imports - partners: Italy 13.3%, South Africa 10.7%, France 9.9%, UK 8.0%, Singapore 7.7% (1999) Debt - external: $240 million (1999 est.) Economic aid - recipient: $16.4 million (1995) Currency: Seychelles rupee (SCR) Currency code: SCR Exchange rates: Seychelles rupees per US dollar - 5.7458 (January 2002), 5.8575 (2001), 5.7138 (2000), 5.3426 (1999), 5.2622 (1998), 5.0263 (1997) Fiscal year: calendar year Communications Seychelles ------------------------- Telephones - main lines in use: 19,635 (1997) Telephones - mobile cellular: 16,316 (1999) Telephone system: general assessment: effective system domestic: radiotelephone communications between islands in the archipelago international: direct radiotelephone communications with adjacent island countries and African coastal countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 2 (1998) Radios: 42,000 (1997) Television broadcast stations: 2 (plus 9 repeaters) (1997) Televisions: 11,000 (1997) Internet country code: .sc Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000) Internet users: 6,000 (2001) Transportation Seychelles ------------------------- Railways: 0 km Highways: total: 280 km paved: 176 km unpaved: 104 km (1997) Waterways: none Ports and harbors: Victoria Merchant marine: total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 7,086 GRT/10,192 DWT ships by type: cargo 2 note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: South Africa 2 (2002 est.) Airports: 14 (2001) Airports - with paved runways: total: 7 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 4 under 914 m: 2 (2001) Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 7 914 to 1,523 m: 3 under 914 m: 4 (2001) Military Seychelles ------------------- Military branches: Army, Coast Guard (includes Air Wing), Presidential Protection Unit (includes Presidential Guard), Police Force (includes Police Mobile Unit, a special weapons and tactics unit capable of assisting the Army in maintaining internal stability) Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 23,210 (2002 est.) Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 11,554 (2002 est.) service: Military expenditures - dollar $11 million (FY01) figure: Military expenditures - percent of 1.8% (FY01) GDP: Transnational Issues Seychelles ------------------------------- Disputes - international: claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK- administered British Indian Ocean Territory)