1. close-grained fragrant yellowish heartwood of the true sandalwood
; has insect repelling properties and is used for carving and cabinetwork
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Sandalwood \San"dal*wood\, n. [F. sandal, santal, fr. Ar.
[,c]andal, or Gr. sa`ntalon; both ultimately fr. Skr.
candana. Cf. Sanders.] (Bot.)
(a) The highly perfumed yellowish heartwood of an East Indian
and Polynesian tree (Santalum album), and of several
other trees of the same genus, as the Hawaiian Santalum
Freycinetianum and Santalum pyrularium, the Australian
Santalum latifolium, etc. The name is extended to
several other kinds of fragrant wood.
(b) Any tree of the genus Santalum, or a tree which yields
(c) The red wood of a kind of buckthorn, used in Russia for
dyeing leather (Rhamnus Dahuricus).
False sandalwood, the fragrant wood of several trees not of
the genus Santalum, as Ximenia Americana, Myoporum
tenuifolium of Tahiti.
Red sandalwood, a heavy, dark red dyewood, being the
heartwood of two leguminous trees of India (Pterocarpus
santalinus, and Adenanthera pavonina); -- called also
red sanderswood, sanders or saunders, and
[1913 Webster] Sandarach
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: close-grained fragrant yellowish heartwood of the true
sandalwood; has insect repelling properties and is used for
carving and cabinetwork