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Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (1)

1. the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short;


VERB (1)

1. prepare in preliminary or sketchy form;
[syn: rough in, rough, rough out]


ADJECTIVE (14)

1. having or caused by an irregular surface;
- Example: "trees with rough bark"
- Example: "rough ground"
- Example: "rough skin"
- Example: "rough blankets"
- Example: "his unsmooth face"
[syn: rough, unsmooth]

2. (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse;
- Example: "she was a diamond in the rough"
- Example: "rough manners"

3. not quite exact or correct;
- Example: "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"
- Example: "a rough guess"
- Example: "a ballpark estimate"
[syn: approximate, approximative, rough]

4. full of hardship or trials;
- Example: "the rocky road to success"
- Example: "they were having a rough time"
[syn: rocky, rough]

5. violently agitated and turbulent;
- Example: "boisterous winds and waves"
- Example: "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound
- Example: "rough weather"
- Example: "rough seas"
[syn: boisterous, fierce, rough]

6. unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound;
- Example: "a gravelly voice"
[syn: grating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, rough, scratchy]

7. ready and able to resort to force or violence;
- Example: "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville
- Example: "they were rough and determined fighting men"
[syn: pugnacious, rough]

8. of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped;

9. causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements;
- Example: "a rough ride"
[syn: rough, rocky, bumpy, jolty, jolting, jumpy]

10. not shaped by cutting or trimming;
- Example: "an uncut diamond"
- Example: "rough gemstones"
[syn: uncut, rough]

11. not carefully or expertly made;
- Example: "managed to make a crude splint"
- Example: "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"
- Example: "rough carpentry"
[syn: crude, rough]

12. not perfected;
- Example: "a rough draft"
- Example: "a few rough sketches"

13. unpleasantly stern;
- Example: "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"
- Example: "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"
[syn: harsh, rough]

14. unkind or cruel or uncivil;
- Example: "had harsh words"
- Example: "a harsh and unlovable old tyrant"
- Example: "a rough answer"
[syn: harsh, rough]


ADVERB (2)

1. with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly');
- Example: "he was pushed roughly aside"
- Example: "they treated him rough"
[syn: roughly, rough]

2. with rough motion as over a rough surface;
- Example: "ride rough"
[syn: roughly, rough]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rough \Rough\, a. [Compar. Rougher; superl. Roughest.] [OE. rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. Rug, n.] 1. Having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough stone; rough cloth. Specifically: (a) Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of a piece of land, or of a road. "Rough, uneven ways." --Shak. [1913 Webster] (b) Not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough diamond. (c) Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or other piece of water. [1913 Webster] More unequal than the roughest sea. --T. Burnet. [1913 Webster] (d) Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; -- said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough coat. "A visage rough." --Dryden. "Roughsatyrs." --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or polish. Specifically: (a) Not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a rough temper. [1913 Webster] A fiend, a fury, pitiless and rough. --Shak. [1913 Webster] A surly boatman, rough as wayes or winds. --Prior. [1913 Webster] (b) Marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough measures or actions. [1913 Webster] On the rough edge of battle. --Milton. [1913 Webster] A quicker and rougher remedy. --Clarendon. [1913 Webster] Kind words prevent a good deal of that perverseness which rough and imperious usage often produces. --Locke. [1913 Webster] (c) Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; -- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough tone; rough numbers. --Pope. [1913 Webster] (d) Austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine. (e) Tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a rough day. [1913 Webster] He stayeth his rough wind. --Isa. xxvii. 8. [1913 Webster] Time and the hour runs through the roughest day. --Shak. [1913 Webster] (f) Hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish; incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught. [1913 Webster] Rough diamond, an uncut diamond; hence, colloquially, a person of intrinsic worth under a rude exterior. Rough and ready. (a) Acting with offhand promptness and efficiency. "The rough and ready understanding." --Lowell. [1913 Webster] (b) Produced offhand. "Some rough and ready theory." --Tylor. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rough \Rough\, v. t. 1. To render rough; to roughen. [1913 Webster] 2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes. --Crabb. [1913 Webster] 3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. [1913 Webster] Roughing rolls, rolls for reducing, in a rough manner, a bloom of iron to bars. To rough it, to endure hard conditions of living; to live without ordinary comforts. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rough \Rough\, n. 1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] --Fletcher. [1913 Webster] 2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. [1913 Webster] In the rough, in an unwrought or rude condition; unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough. [1913 Webster] Contemplating the people in the rough. --Mrs. Browning. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rough \Rough\, adv. In a rough manner; rudely; roughly. [1913 Webster] Sleeping rough on the trenches, and dying stubbornly in their boats. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

rough adv 1: with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly'); "he was pushed roughly aside"; "they treated him rough" [syn: roughly, rough] 2: with rough motion as over a rough surface; "ride rough" [syn: roughly, rough] adj 1: having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face" [syn: rough, unsmooth] [ant: smooth] 2: (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners" 3: not quite exact or correct; "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate" [syn: approximate, approximative, rough] 4: full of hardship or trials; "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time" [syn: rocky, rough] 5: violently agitated and turbulent; "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas" [syn: boisterous, fierce, rough] 6: unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound; "a gravelly voice" [syn: grating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, rough, scratchy] 7: ready and able to resort to force or violence; "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men" [syn: pugnacious, rough] 8: of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped [ant: smooth] 9: causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements; "a rough ride" [syn: rough, rocky, bumpy, jolty, jolting, jumpy] [ant: smooth] 10: not shaped by cutting or trimming; "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones" [syn: uncut, rough] [ant: cut] 11: not carefully or expertly made; "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry" [syn: crude, rough] 12: not perfected; "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches" 13: unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous" [syn: harsh, rough] 14: unkind or cruel or uncivil; "had harsh words"; "a harsh and unlovable old tyrant"; "a rough answer" [syn: harsh, rough] n 1: the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short v 1: prepare in preliminary or sketchy form [syn: rough in, rough, rough out]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

587 Moby Thesaurus words for "rough": Babbitt, Herculean, Philistine, Spartan, abrupt, abstruse, abuse, acerb, acerbic, acid, acidulous, acrid, acrimonious, acute, aggressive, agitated, amaroidal, approximate, arduous, arrested, arriviste, asperous, assault, astringent, attack, austere, backward, bad, batter, battler, bearish, beastly, beat up, belabor, belligerent, belted knight, bickerer, biting, bitter, bitter as gall, blade, block out, blueprint, bluff, blunt, blustering, blustery, boisterous, boor, boss, bouncy, bounder, bourgeois, brash, brassy, bravo, brawler, brazen, brief, broken, broken ground, broken water, brokenly, brouillon, bruise, brusque, brutal, brutally, brutishly, bucko, buffet, bully, bullyboy, bumpy, cacophonous, cad, capricious, careening, cartoon, catchy, caustic, cavalier, changeable, changing, chart, choked, chop, choppily, choppy, churl, churlish, clown, coarse, coarse-grained, coarsen, combatant, competitor, complex, contender, contestant, copy, corduroy, corduroy road, corrugated, corrugation, cracked, cragged, craggy, crass, critical, croaking, croaky, cross-grained, crude, cruel, crusty, cursory, curt, cutthroat, cutting, delicate, delineation, demanding, design, desperado, desultory, deviating, deviative, deviatory, devil, diagram, different, difficile, difficult, dirty, disconnected, discontinuous, discordant, discourteous, disorderly, disputant, disrespectful, divaricate, divergent, diversified, do violence to, do wrong by, do wrong to, double-edged, dour, draft, drastic, drawing, dry, duelist, earthy, ebauche, eccentric, edged, elevation, embryonic, enforcer, epicier, erose, erratic, escharotic, esquisse, exacting, excessive, exorbitant, extravagant, extreme, fencer, feuder, fierce, fighter, fighting cock, figure, firm, fitful, flickering, fluctuating, foggy, foilsman, formidable, formless, furious, gamecock, gaudy, general, gladiator, gnarl, goon, goose bumps, goose pimples, gooseflesh, gorilla, grained, grainy, granular, granulate, granulated, graph, grating, great, grim, gritty, gross, ground plan, groundling, gruff, gunman, guttering, guttersnipe, guttural, hairy, halting, hard, hard-earned, hard-fought, harsh, harsh-sounding, harum-scarum, hasty, hatchet man, hazy, heavy, hell-raiser, hellcat, herky-jerky, heteroclite, hoarse, homespun, hood, hooligan, horripilant, horripilate, horripilation, house plan, husky, ichnography, ill-bred, ill-bred fellow, ill-mannered, ill-treat, ill-use, immethodical, immoderate, imperfect, impolite, improper, impulsive, in embryo, in ovo, in the rough, incisive, inclement, incomplete, inconsiderate, inconsistent, inconstant, indecent, indelicate, inelegant, inequal, inexact, inharmonious, injure, intemperate, intense, intermittent, intermitting, intricate, ironbound, irregular, irregularly, irritating, jagged, jaggedly, jarring, jawbreaking, jerky, jogglety, joggling, joggly, jolting, jolty, jouster, keen, killer, knight, knob, knock about, knock-down-and-drag-out, knockabout, knotted, knotty, laborious, lambaste, lay on, linsey-woolsey, looby, lop, loud, lout, loutish, low fellow, lumpy, lurching, mad dog, malodorous, maltreat, manhandle, mark out, maul, mean, mercurial, meretricious, metallic, militant, mishandle, mistreat, mock-up, molest, mordacious, mordant, motley, mucker, mug, mutable, no picnic, nonconformist, nonstandard, nonuniform, nose-tickling, not easy, nouveau riche, obscene, operose, outline, outrage, outrageous, oversimple, parvenu, patchy, pattern, peasant, penetrating, piercing, pimple, pimply, piquant, pitted, plot, plug-ugly, pluralistic, pocky, poignant, pommel, pornographic, potholed, profile, projection, proximate, pummel, pungent, punk, quarreler, quick, ragged, raggedly, raging, rambling, rambunctious, rampageous, rank, rasping, raucid, raucous, raw, reductionistic, reductive, ribald, ridiculous, rigorous, rioter, ripple, ripply, rival, roiled, roisterous, rollicking, rotten, rough draft, rough up, rough-and-ready, rough-and-tumble, rough-cast, rough-grained, rough-hewn, roughcast, roughen, roughhewn, roughly, roughneck, roupy, rowdy, rude, rudimental, rudimentary, ruffian, ruffled, rugged, rutted, rutty, sabreur, sandpaper, savage, savagely, scabrous, scathing, scraggy, scrapper, scrappy, scuffler, set with thorns, severe, shagged, shaggy, shapeless, sharp, short, simplistic, skeleton, sketch, sketchy, smutty, snatchy, snippy, solid, sour, spasmatic, spasmic, spasmodic, spastic, spiny, splitting, sporadic, spotty, squabbler, squawking, squawky, stabbing, staggering, steep, stern, stertorous, stinging, stormy, strangled, strenuous, strident, stridulous, stringent, strong arm, strong-arm man, strong-armer, struggler, stud, stunted, surly, swashbuckler, sword, swordplayer, swordsman, table, tart, tempestuous, textured, thick, thorny, thrash, throaty, thug, ticklish, tilter, tinny, toilsome, tough, trace, trenchant, tricksy, tricky, truculent, trying, turbulent, tussler, unbecoming, unblown, uncertain, uncivil, uncivilized, uncompleted, unconscionable, uncouth, uncultivated, uncultured, uncut, undecorous, underdeveloped, undeveloped, undressed, unequable, unequal, uneven, unevenly, unfair, unfashioned, unfeeling, unfinished, unformed, unfortunate, ungentle, ungentlemanly, ungodly, ungracious, unhewn, unjust, unkempt, unlabored, unladylike, unlevel, unlicked, unlucky, unmethodical, unmetrical, unmusical, unorthodox, unpleasant, unpolished, unprocessed, unrefined, unregular, unrhythmical, unseemly, unsettled, unshaped, unsmooth, unsparing, unstable, unsteady, unsystematic, untreated, ununiform, unworked, unwrought, uphill, upstart, vague, variable, variegated, variform, various, varying, veering, vehement, venomous, violent, violently, virulent, vitriolic, vulgar, vulgarian, vulgarist, wallop, wandering, washboard, wavering, wicked, wild, wimpled, wobbling, wobbly, working drawing, wrangler, yahoo, yokel