1. [syn: rock dove, rock pigeon, Columba livia]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Sand \Sand\, n. [AS. sand; akin to D. zand, G. sand, OHG. sant,
Icel. sandr, Dan. & Sw. sand, Gr. ?.]
1. Fine particles of stone, esp. of siliceous stone, but not
reduced to dust; comminuted stone in the form of loose
grains, which are not coherent when wet.
That finer matter, called sand, is no other than
very small pebbles. --Woodward.
2. A single particle of such stone. [R.] --Shak.
3. The sand in the hourglass; hence, a moment or interval of
time; the term or extent of one's life.
The sands are numbered that make up my life. --Shak.
4. pl. Tracts of land consisting of sand, like the deserts of
Arabia and Africa; also, extensive tracts of sand exposed
by the ebb of the tide. "The Libyan sands." --Milton. "The
sands o' Dee." --C. Kingsley.
5. Courage; pluck; grit. [Slang]
Sand badger (Zool.), the Japanese badger (Meles ankuma).
(a) A bag filled with sand or earth, used for various
purposes, as in fortification, for ballast, etc.
(b) A long bag filled with sand, used as a club by
Sand ball, soap mixed with sand, made into a ball for use
at the toilet.
(a) (Chem.) A vessel of hot sand in a laboratory, in which
vessels that are to be heated are partially immersed.
(b) A bath in which the body is immersed in hot sand.
Sand bed, a thick layer of sand, whether deposited
naturally or artificially; specifically, a thick layer of
sand into which molten metal is run in casting, or from a
Sand birds (Zool.), a collective name for numerous species
of limicoline birds, such as the sandpipers, plovers,
tattlers, and many others; -- called also shore birds.
Sand blast, a process of engraving and cutting glass and
other hard substances by driving sand against them by a
steam jet or otherwise; also, the apparatus used in the
(a) A box with a perforated top or cover, for sprinkling
paper with sand.
(b) A box carried on locomotives, from which sand runs on
the rails in front of the driving wheel, to prevent
Sand-box tree (Bot.), a tropical American tree (Hura
crepitans). Its fruit is a depressed many-celled woody
capsule which, when completely dry, bursts with a loud
report and scatters the seeds. See Illust. of Regma.
Sand bug (Zool.), an American anomuran crustacean (Hippa
talpoidea) which burrows in sandy seabeaches. It is often
used as bait by fishermen. See Illust. under Anomura.
Sand canal (Zool.), a tubular vessel having a calcareous
coating, and connecting the oral ambulacral ring with the
madreporic tubercle. It appears to be excretory in
Sand cock (Zool.), the redshank. [Prov. Eng.]
Sand collar. (Zool.) Same as Sand saucer, below.
Sand crab. (Zool.)
(a) The lady crab.
(b) A land crab, or ocypodian.
Sand crack (Far.), a crack extending downward from the
coronet, in the wall of a horse's hoof, which often causes
Sand cricket (Zool.), any one of several species of large
terrestrial crickets of the genus Stenophelmatus and
allied genera, native of the sandy plains of the Western
Sand cusk (Zool.), any ophidioid fish. See Illust. under
Sand dab (Zool.), a small American flounder (Limanda
ferruginea); -- called also rusty dab. The name is also
applied locally to other allied species.
Sand darter (Zool.), a small etheostomoid fish of the Ohio
valley (Ammocrypta pellucida).
Sand dollar (Zool.), any one of several species of small
flat circular sea urchins, which live on sandy bottoms,
especially Echinarachnius parma of the American coast.
Sand drift, drifting sand; also, a mound or bank of drifted
Sand eel. (Zool.)
(a) A lant, or launce.
(b) A slender Pacific Ocean fish of the genus
Gonorhynchus, having barbels about the mouth.
Sand flag, sandstone which splits up into flagstones.
Sand flea. (Zool.)
(a) Any species of flea which inhabits, or breeds in,
sandy places, especially the common dog flea.
(b) The chigoe.
(c) Any leaping amphipod crustacean; a beach flea, or
orchestian. See Beach flea, under Beach.
Sand flood, a vast body of sand borne along by the wind.
Sand fluke. (Zool.)
(a) The sandnecker.
(b) The European smooth dab (Pleuronectes
microcephalus); -- called also kitt, marysole,
smear dab, town dab.
Sand fly (Zool.), any one of several species of small
dipterous flies of the genus Simulium, abounding on
sandy shores, especially Simulium nocivum of the United
States. They are very troublesome on account of their
biting habits. Called also no-see-um, punky, and
Sand gall. (Geol.) See Sand pipe, below.
Sand grass (Bot.), any species of grass which grows in
sand; especially, a tufted grass (Triplasis purpurea)
with numerous bearded joints, and acid awl-shaped leaves,
growing on the Atlantic coast.
Sand grouse (Zool.), any one of many species of Old World
birds belonging to the suborder Pterocletes, and
resembling both grouse and pigeons. Called also rock
grouse, rock pigeon, and ganga. They mostly belong to
the genus Pterocles, as the common Indian species
(Pterocles exustus). The large sand grouse (Pterocles
arenarius), the painted sand grouse (Pterocles
fasciatus), and the pintail sand grouse (Pterocles
alchata) are also found in India. See Illust. under
Sand hill, a hill of sand; a dune.
Sand-hill crane (Zool.), the American brown crane (Grus
Sand hopper (Zool.), a beach flea; an orchestian.
Sand hornet (Zool.), a sand wasp.
Sand lark. (Zool.)
(a) A small lark (Alaudala raytal), native of India.
(b) A small sandpiper, or plover, as the ringneck, the
sanderling, and the common European sandpiper.
(c) The Australian red-capped dotterel (Aegialophilus
ruficapillus); -- called also red-necked plover.
Sand launce (Zool.), a lant, or launce.
Sand lizard (Zool.), a common European lizard (Lacerta
Sand martin (Zool.), the bank swallow.
Sand mole (Zool.), the coast rat.
Sand monitor (Zool.), a large Egyptian lizard (Monitor
arenarius) which inhabits dry localities.
Sand mouse (Zool.), the dunlin. [Prov. Eng.]
Sand myrtle. (Bot.) See under Myrtle.
Sand partridge (Zool.), either of two small Asiatic
partridges of the genus Ammoperdix. The wings are long
and the tarsus is spurless. One species (Ammoperdix
Heeji) inhabits Palestine and Arabia. The other species
(Ammoperdix Bonhami), inhabiting Central Asia, is called
also seesee partridge, and teehoo.
Sand picture, a picture made by putting sand of different
colors on an adhesive surface.
Sand pike. (Zool.)
(a) The sauger.
(b) The lizard fish.
Sand pillar, a sand storm which takes the form of a
whirling pillar in its progress in desert tracts like
those of the Sahara and Mongolia.
Sand pipe (Geol.), a tubular cavity, from a few inches to
several feet in depth, occurring especially in calcareous
rocks, and often filled with gravel, sand, etc.; -- called
also sand gall.
Sand pride (Zool.), a small British lamprey now considered
to be the young of larger species; -- called also sand
Sand pump, in artesian well boring, a long, slender bucket
with a valve at the bottom for raising sand from the well.
Sand rat (Zool.), the pocket gopher.
Sand rock, a rock made of cemented sand.
Sand runner (Zool.), the turnstone.
Sand saucer (Zool.), the mass of egg capsules, or oothecae,
of any mollusk of the genus Natica and allied genera. It
has the shape of a bottomless saucer, and is coated with
fine sand; -- called also sand collar.
Sand screw (Zool.), an amphipod crustacean (Lepidactylis
arenarius), which burrows in the sandy seabeaches of
Europe and America.
Sand shark (Zool.), an American shark (Odontaspis
littoralis) found on the sandy coasts of the Eastern
United States; -- called also gray shark, and dogfish
shark. See Illust. under Remora.
Sand skink (Zool.), any one of several species of Old World
lizards belonging to the genus Seps; as, the ocellated
sand skink (Seps ocellatus) of Southern Europe.
Sand skipper (Zool.), a beach flea, or orchestian.
Sand smelt (Zool.), a silverside.
Sand snake. (Zool.)
(a) Any one of several species of harmless burrowing
snakes of the genus Eryx, native of Southern Europe,
Africa, and Asia, especially Eryx jaculus of India
and Eryx Johnii, used by snake charmers.
(b) Any innocuous South African snake of the genus
Psammophis, especially Psammophis sibilans.
Sand snipe (Zool.), the sandpiper.
Sand star (Zool.), an ophiurioid starfish living on sandy
sea bottoms; a brittle star.
Sand storm, a cloud of sand driven violently by the wind.
Sand sucker, the sandnecker.
Sand swallow (Zool.), the bank swallow. See under Bank.
Sand trap, (Golf) a shallow pit on a golf course having a
layer of sand in it, usually located near a green, and
designed to function as a hazard, due to the difficulty of
hitting balls effectively from such a position.
Sand tube, a tube made of sand. Especially:
(a) A tube of vitrified sand, produced by a stroke of
lightning; a fulgurite.
(b) (Zool.) Any tube made of cemented sand.
(c) (Zool.) In starfishes, a tube having calcareous
particles in its wall, which connects the oral water
tube with the madreporic plate.
Sand viper. (Zool.) See Hognose snake.
Sand wasp (Zool.), any one of numerous species of
hymenopterous insects belonging to the families
Pompilidae and Spheridae, which dig burrows in sand.
The female provisions the nest with insects or spiders
which she paralyzes by stinging, and which serve as food
for her young.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Rock \Rock\, n. [OF. roke, F. roche; cf. Armor. roc'h, and AS.
1. A large concreted mass of stony material; a large fixed
stone or crag. See Stone.
Come one, come all! this rock shall fly
From its firm base as soon as I. --Sir W.
2. (Geol.) Any natural deposit forming a part of the earth's
crust, whether consolidated or not, including sand, earth,
clay, etc., when in natural beds.
3. That which resembles a rock in firmness; a defense; a
support; a refuge.
The Lord is my rock, and my fortress. --2 Sam. xxii.
4. Fig.: Anything which causes a disaster or wreck resembling
the wreck of a vessel upon a rock.
5. (Zool.) The striped bass. See under Bass.
Note: This word is frequently used in the formation of
self-explaining compounds; as, rock-bound, rock-built,
rock-ribbed, rock-roofed, and the like.
Rock alum. [Probably so called by confusion with F. roche a
rock.] Same as Roche alum.
Rock barnacle (Zool.), a barnacle (Balanus balanoides)
very abundant on rocks washed by tides.
Rock bass. (Zool.)
(a) The stripped bass. See under Bass.
(b) The goggle-eye.
(c) The cabrilla. Other species are also locally called
Rock builder (Zool.), any species of animal whose remains
contribute to the formation of rocks, especially the
corals and Foraminifera.
Rock butter (Min.), native alum mixed with clay and oxide
of iron, usually in soft masses of a yellowish white
color, occuring in cavities and fissures in argillaceous
Rock candy, a form of candy consisting of crystals of pure
sugar which are very hard, whence the name.
Rock cavy. (Zool.) See Moco.
Rock cod (Zool.)
(a) A small, often reddish or brown, variety of the cod
found about rocks andledges.
(b) A California rockfish.
Rock cook. (Zool.)
(a) A European wrasse (Centrolabrus exoletus).
(b) A rockling.
Rock cork (Min.), a variety of asbestus the fibers of which
are loosely interlaced. It resembles cork in its texture.
Rock crab (Zool.), any one of several species of large
crabs of the genus C, as the two species of the New
England coast (Cancer irroratus and Cancer borealis).
See Illust. under Cancer.
Rock cress (Bot.), a name of several plants of the cress
kind found on rocks, as Arabis petraea, Arabis lyrata,
Rock crystal (Min.), limpid quartz. See Quartz, and under
Rock dove (Zool.), the rock pigeon; -- called also rock
Rock drill, an implement for drilling holes in rock; esp.,
a machine impelled by steam or compressed air, for
drilling holes for blasting, etc.
Rock duck (Zool.), the harlequin duck.
Rock eel. (Zool.) See Gunnel.
Rock goat (Zool.), a wild goat, or ibex.
Rock hopper (Zool.), a penguin of the genus Catarractes.
See under Penguin.
Rock kangaroo. (Zool.) See Kangaroo, and Petrogale.
Rock lobster (Zool.), any one of several species of large
spinose lobsters of the genera Panulirus and
Palinurus. They have no large claws. Called also spiny
lobster, and sea crayfish.
Rock meal (Min.), a light powdery variety of calcite
occuring as an efflorescence.
Rock milk. (Min.) See Agaric mineral, under Agaric.
Rock moss, a kind of lichen; the cudbear. See Cudbear.
Rock oil. See Petroleum.
Rock parrakeet (Zool.), a small Australian parrakeet
(Euphema petrophila), which nests in holes among the
rocks of high cliffs. Its general color is yellowish olive
green; a frontal band and the outer edge of the wing
quills are deep blue, and the central tail feathers bluish
Rock pigeon (Zool.), the wild pigeon (Columba livia) Of
Europe and Asia, from which the domestic pigeon was
derived. See Illust. under Pigeon.
Rock pipit. (Zool.) See the Note under Pipit.
Rock plover. (Zool.)
(a) The black-bellied, or whistling, plover.
(b) The rock snipe.
Rock ptarmigan (Zool.), an arctic American ptarmigan
(Lagopus rupestris), which in winter is white, with the
tail and lores black. In summer the males are grayish
brown, coarsely vermiculated with black, and have black
patches on the back.
Rock rabbit (Zool.), the hyrax. See Cony, and Daman.
Rock ruby (Min.), a fine reddish variety of garnet.
Rock salt (Min.), cloride of sodium (common salt) occuring
in rocklike masses in mines; mineral salt; salt dug from
the earth. In the United States this name is sometimes
given to salt in large crystals, formed by evaporation
from sea water in large basins or cavities.
Rock seal (Zool.), the harbor seal. See Seal.
Rock shell (Zool.), any species of Murex, Purpura, and
Rock snake (Zool.), any one of several large pythons; as,
the royal rock snake (Python regia) of Africa, and the
rock snake of India (Python molurus). The Australian
rock snakes mostly belong to the allied genus Morelia.
Rock snipe (Zool.), the purple sandpiper (Tringa
maritima); -- called also rock bird, rock plover,
Rock soap (Min.), a kind of clay having a smooth, greasy
feel, and adhering to the tongue.
Rock sparrow. (Zool.)
(a) Any one of several species of Old World sparrows of
the genus Petronia, as Petronia stulla, of Europe.
(b) A North American sparrow (Pucaea ruficeps).
Rock tar, petroleum.
Rock thrush (Zool.), any Old World thrush of the genus
Monticola, or Petrocossyphus; as, the European rock
thrush (Monticola saxatilis), and the blue rock thrush
of India (Monticola cyaneus), in which the male is blue
Rock tripe (Bot.), a kind of lichen (Umbilicaria
Dillenii) growing on rocks in the northen parts of
America, and forming broad, flat, coriaceous, dark fuscous
or blackish expansions. It has been used as food in cases
Rock trout (Zool.), any one of several species of marine
food fishes of the genus Hexagrammus, family Chiradae,
native of the North Pacific coasts; -- called also sea
trout, boregat, bodieron, and starling.
Rock warbler (Zool.), a small Australian singing bird
(Origma rubricata) which frequents rocky ravines and
water courses; -- called also cataract bird.
Rock wren (Zool.), any one of several species of wrens of
the genus Salpinctes, native of the arid plains of Lower
California and Mexico.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Dove \Dove\ (d[u^]v), n. [OE. dove, duve, douve, AS. d[=u]fe;
akin to OS. d[=u]ba, D. duif, OHG. t[=u]ba, G. taube, Icel.
d[=u]fa, Sw. dufva, Dan. due, Goth. d[=u]b[=o]; perh. from
the root of E. dive.]
1. (Zool.) A pigeon of the genus Columba and various
related genera. The species are numerous.
Note: The domestic dove, including the varieties called
fantails, tumblers, carrier pigeons, etc., was
derived from the rock pigeon (Columba livia) of
Europe and Asia; the turtledove of Europe, celebrated
for its sweet, plaintive note, is Columba turtur or
Turtur vulgaris; the ringdove, the largest of
European species, is Columba palumbus; the Carolina
dove, or Mourning dove, is Zenaidura macroura; the
sea dove is the little auk (Mergulus alle or Alle
alle). See Turtledove, Ground dove, and Rock
pigeon. The dove is a symbol of peace, innocence,
gentleness, and affection; also, in art and in the
Scriptures, the typical symbol of the Holy Ghost.
2. A word of endearment for one regarded as pure and gentle.
O my dove, . . . let me hear thy voice. --Cant. ii.
3. a person advocating peace, compromise or conciliation
rather than war or conflict. Opposite of hawk.
Dove tick (Zool.), a mite (Argas reflexus) which infests
doves and other birds.
Soiled dove, a prostitute. [Slang] Dovecot
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: pale grey Eurasian pigeon having black-striped wings from
which most domestic species are descended [syn: rock
dove, rock pigeon, Columba livia]