Search Result for "qatar": 
Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (2)

1. an Arab country on the peninsula of Qatar; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1971; the economy is dominated by oil;
[syn: Qatar, State of Qatar, Katar, State of Katar]

2. a peninsula extending northward from the Arabian mainland into the Persian Gulf;
[syn: Qatar, Qatar Peninsula, Katar, Katar Peninsula]

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

Qatar n 1: an Arab country on the peninsula of Qatar; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1971; the economy is dominated by oil [syn: Qatar, State of Qatar, Katar, State of Katar] 2: a peninsula extending northward from the Arabian mainland into the Persian Gulf [syn: Qatar, Qatar Peninsula, Katar, Katar Peninsula]
CIA World Factbook 2002:

Qatar Introduction Qatar ------------------ Background: Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir who had ruled the country since 1972. He was overthrown by his son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, in a bloodless coup in 1995. In 2001, Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. Oil and natural gas revenues enable Qatar to have a per capita income not far below the leading industrial countries of Western Europe. Geography Qatar --------------- Location: Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia Geographic coordinates: 25 30 N, 51 15 E Map references: Middle East Area: total: 11,437 sq km water: 0 sq km land: 11,437 sq km Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut Land boundaries: total: 60 km border countries: Saudi Arabia 60 km Coastline: 563 km Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM exclusive economic zone: as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line territorial sea: 12 NM Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers Terrain: mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel Elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m highest point: Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish Land use: arable land: 1.27% permanent crops: 0.27% other: 98.45% (1998 est.) Irrigated land: 130 sq km (1998 est.) Natural hazards: haze, dust storms, sandstorms common Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea Geography - note: strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits People Qatar ------------ Population: 793,341 (July 2002 est.) Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.2% (male 102,110; female 98,053) 15-64 years: 72.1% (male 403,508; female 168,428) 65 years and over: 2.7% (male 15,299; female 5,943) (2002 est.) Population growth rate: 3.02% (2002 est.) Birth rate: 15.78 births/1,000 population (2002 est.) Death rate: 4.34 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.) Net migration rate: 18.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.) Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 2.4 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 2.57 male(s)/ female total population: 1.91 male(s)/ female (2002 est.) Infant mortality rate: 20.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.) Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.88 years female: 75.48 years (2002 est.) male: 70.4 years Total fertility rate: 3.1 children born/woman (2002 est.) HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.09% (1999 est.) HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA AIDS: HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA Nationality: noun: Qatari(s) adjective: Qatari Ethnic groups: Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14% Religions: Muslim 95% Languages: Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 79% male: 79% female: 80% (1995 est.) Government Qatar ---------------- Country name: conventional long form: State of Qatar conventional short form: Qatar local short form: Qatar note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar local long form: Dawlat Qatar Government type: traditional monarchy Capital: Doha Administrative divisions: 9 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah, Al Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Salal Independence: 3 September 1971 (from UK) National holiday: Independence Day, 3 September (1971) Constitution: provisional constitution enacted 19 April 1972; in July 1999 Amir HAMAD issued a decree forming a committee to draft a permanent constitution Legal system: discretionary system of law controlled by the amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family and personal matters Suffrage: suffrage is limited to municipal elections Executive branch: chief of state: Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 27 June 1995 when, as crown prince, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad Al Thani, in a bloodless coup); Crown Prince JASSIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, third son of the monarch (selected crown prince by the monarch 22 October 1996); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of minister of defense and commander-in-chief of the armed forces elections: none; the monarch is hereditary head of government: Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 30 October 1996); Deputy Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 20 January 1998) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch note: in March 1999, Qatar held nationwide elections for a 29-member Central Municipal Council, which has consultative powers aimed at improving the provision of municipal services Legislative branch: unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members appointed) note: the constitution calls for elections for part of this consultative body, but no elections have been held since 1970, when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have had their terms extended every four years since Judicial branch: Court of Appeal Political parties and leaders: none Political pressure groups and none leaders: International organization ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, participation: FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Badr Umar al-DAFA chancery: 4200 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016 consulate(s) general: Houston FAX: [1] (202) 237-0061 telephone: [1] (202) 274-1600 Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Maureen US: E. QUINN (since September 2001) embassy: Al-Luqtas District, 22 February Road, Doha mailing address: P. O. Box 2399, Doha telephone: [974] 488 4101 FAX: [974] 486 1669 note: workweek is Saturday-Wednesday Flag description: maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side Economy Qatar ------------- Economy - overview: Oil accounts for more than 30% of GDP, roughly 80% of export earnings, and 58% of government revenues. Proved oil reserves of 3.7 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels for 23 years. Oil has given Qatar a per capita GDP comparable to that of the leading West European industrial countries. Qatar's proved reserves of natural gas exceed 7 trillion cubic meters, more than 5% of the world total, third largest in the world. Production and export of natural gas are becoming increasingly important. Long-term goals feature the development of offshore natural gas reserves. In 2000, Qatar posted its highest ever trade surplus of $7 billion, due mainly to high oil prices and increased natural gas exports, and managed to maintain the surplus in 2001. GDP: purchasing power parity - $16.3 billion (2001 est.) GDP - real growth rate: 5.6% (2001 est.) GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $21,200 (2001 est.) GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1% industry: 49% services: 50% (1996 est.) Population below poverty line: NA% Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA% percentage share: highest 10%: NA% Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2% (2001) Labor force: 280,122 (1997 est.) Unemployment rate: 2.7% (2001) Budget: revenues: $5 billion expenditures: $4.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $900 million (FY01/02 est.) Industries: crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement Industrial production growth rate: NA% Electricity - production: 9.2 billion kWh (2000) Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100% hydro: 0% other: 0% (2000) nuclear: 0% Electricity - consumption: 8.556 billion kWh (2000) Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000) Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000) Agriculture - products: fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish Exports: $11 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.) Exports - commodities: petroleum products 80%, fertilizers, steel Exports - partners: Japan 43%, Singapore 8%, South Korea 6%, US 4%, UAE 2% (1999) Imports: $3.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.) Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals Imports - partners: UK 10%, Japan 8%, Germany 6%, Italy 6%, US 6% (1998) Debt - external: $13.1 billion (2000 est.) Economic aid - recipient: $NA Currency: Qatari rial (QAR) Currency code: QAR Exchange rates: Qatari rials per US dollar - 3.6400 (fixed rate) Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March Communications Qatar -------------------- Telephones - main lines in use: 142,000 (1997) Telephones - mobile cellular: 43,476 (1997) Telephone system: general assessment: modern system centered in Doha domestic: NA international: tropospheric scatter to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia and UAE; submarine cable to Bahrain and UAE; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat Radio broadcast stations: AM 6, FM 5, shortwave 1 (1998) Radios: 256,000 (1997) Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus three repeaters) (2001) Televisions: 230,000 (1997) Internet country code: .qa Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000) Internet users: 75,000 (2001) Transportation Qatar -------------------- Railways: 0 km Highways: total: 1,230 km paved: 1,107 km unpaved: 123 km (1996) Waterways: none Pipelines: crude oil 235 km; natural gas 400 km Ports and harbors: Doha, Halul Island, Umm Sa'id (Musay'id) Merchant marine: total: 25 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 679,081 GRT/1,051,088 DWT ships by type: cargo 10, combination ore/oil 2, container 7, petroleum tanker 6 note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Kuwait 1, United Arab Emirates 3 (2002 est.) Airports: 4 (2001) Airports - with paved runways: total: 2 over 3,047 m: 2 (2001) Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 2 under 914 m: 1 (2001) 914 to 1,523 m: 1 Heliports: 1 (2001) Military Qatar -------------- Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.) Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 316,885 note: includes non-nationals (2002 est.) Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 166,214 (2002 est.) service: Military manpower - reaching males: 6,797 (2002 est.) military age annually: Military expenditures - dollar $723 million (FY00/01) figure: Military expenditures - percent of 10% (FY00/01) GDP: Transnational Issues Qatar -------------------------- Disputes - international: none