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Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (1)

1. a system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of elements of Platonism and Aristotelianism and oriental mysticism; its most distinctive doctrine holds that the first principle and source of reality transcends being and thought and is naturally unknowable;
- Example: "Neoplatonism was predominant in pagan Europe until the 6th century"
- Example: "Neoplatonism was a major influence on early Christian writers and on later medieval and Renaissance thought and on Islamic philosophy"

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Neoplatonism \Ne`o*pla"to*nism\, n. [Neo- + Platonism.] A pantheistic eclectic school of philosophy, of which Plotinus was the chief (a. d. 205-270), and which sought to reconcile the Platonic and Aristotelian systems with Oriental theosophy. It tended to mysticism and theurgy, and was the last product of Greek philosophy. [1913 Webster]