1. a mathematical technique used in economics; finds the maximum or minimum of linear functions in many variables subject to constraints;

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

linear programming n 1: a mathematical technique used in economics; finds the maximum or minimum of linear functions in many variables subject to constraintsThe Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018):

linear programmingA procedure for finding the maximum or minimum of a linear function where the arguments are subject to linear constraints. The simplex method is one well known algorithm. (1995-04-06)