Search Result for "kiribati": 
Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (1)

1. an island republic in the west central Pacific just to the south of the equator;
[syn: Kiribati, Republic of Kiribati]

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

Kiribati n 1: an island republic in the west central Pacific just to the south of the equator [syn: Kiribati, Republic of Kiribati]
CIA World Factbook 2002:

Kiribati Introduction Kiribati --------------------- Background: The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati. Geography Kiribati ------------------ Location: Oceania, group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia; note - on 1 January 1995, Kiribati proclaimed that all of its territory lies in the same time zone as its Gilbert Islands group (GMT +12) even though the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands under its jurisdiction lie on the other side of the International Date Line Geographic coordinates: 1 25 N, 173 00 E Map references: Oceania Area: total: 811 sq km note: includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands water: 0 sq km land: 811 sq km Area - comparative: four times the size of Washington, DC Land boundaries: 0 km Coastline: 1,143 km Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM territorial sea: 12 NM Climate: tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds Terrain: mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed location on Banaba 81 m Natural resources: phosphate (production discontinued in 1979) Land use: arable land: 0% permanent crops: 50.68% other: 49.32% (1998 est.) Irrigated land: NA sq km Natural hazards: typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes; low level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to changes in sea level Environment - current issues: heavy pollution in lagoon of south Tarawa atoll due to heavy migration mixed with traditional practices such as lagoon latrines and open-pit dumping; ground water at risk Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements Geography - note: 21 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Makatea in French Polynesia, and Nauru People Kiribati --------------- Population: 96,335 (July 2002 est.) Age structure: 0-14 years: 40.2% (male 19,588; female 19,092) 15-64 years: 56.6% (male 26,905; female 27,625) 65 years and over: 3.2% (male 1,339; female 1,786) (2002 est.) Population growth rate: 2.28% (2002 est.) Birth rate: 31.58 births/1,000 population (2002 est.) Death rate: 8.76 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.) Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.) Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/ female total population: 0.99 male(s)/ female (2002 est.) Infant mortality rate: 52.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.) Life expectancy at birth: total population: 60.54 years female: 63.62 years (2002 est.) male: 57.61 years Total fertility rate: 4.32 children born/woman (2002 est.) HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA% HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA AIDS: HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA Nationality: noun: I-Kiribati (singular and plural) adjective: I-Kiribati Ethnic groups: predominantly Micronesian with some Polynesian Religions: Roman Catholic 52%, Protestant (Congregational) 40%, some Seventh- Day Adventist, Muslim, Baha'i, Latter-day Saints, and Church of God (1999) Languages: I-Kiribati, English (official) Literacy: definition: NA total population: NA% male: NA% female: NA% Government Kiribati ------------------- Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Kiribati conventional short form: Kiribati former: Gilbert Islands note: pronounced kir-ih-bahss Government type: republic Capital: Tarawa Administrative divisions: 3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands; note - in addition, there are 6 districts (Banaba, Central Gilberts, Line Islands, Northern Gilberts, Southern Gilberts, Tarawa) and 21 island councils - one for each of the inhabited islands (Abaiang, Abemama, Aranuka, Arorae, Banaba, Beru, Butaritari, Kanton, Kiritimati, Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei, Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa, Tabiteuea, Tabuaeran, Tamana, Tarawa, Teraina) Independence: 12 July 1979 (from UK) National holiday: Independence Day, 12 July (1979) Constitution: 12 July 1979 Legal system: NA Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal Executive branch: chief of state: President Teburoro TITO (since 1 October 1994); Vice President Beniamina TIINGA (since NA December 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government elections: the House of Parliament chooses the presidential candidates from among their members and then those candidates compete in a general election; president is elected by popular vote for a four- year term; election last held 27 November 1998 (next to be held by November 2002); vice president appointed by the president election results: Teburoro TITO reelected president; percent of vote - Teburoro TITO 52.3%, Dr. Harry TONG 45.8%, Amberoti NIKORA 1.9%, Taberannang TIMEON 0% cabinet: 12-member Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the House of Parliament head of government: President Teburoro TITO (since 1 October 1994); Vice President Beniamina TIINGA (since NA December 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government Legislative branch: unicameral House of Parliament or Maneaba Ni Maungatabu (42 seats; 39 elected by popular vote, one ex officio member - the attorney general, one appointed to represent Banaba, and one other; members serve four-year terms) elections: last held 23 September 1998 (next to be held by October 2002) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Maneaban Te Mauri Party 14, National Progressive Party 11, independents 14 Judicial branch: Court of Appeal; High Court; 26 Magistrates' courts; judges at all levels are appointed by the president Political parties and leaders: Maneaban Te Mauri Party [Teburoro TITO]; National Progressive Party [Teatao TEANNAKI] note: there is no tradition of formally organized political parties in Kiribati; they more closely resemble factions or interest groups because they have no party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures Political pressure groups and NA leaders: International organization ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, participation: ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WTrO (applicant) Diplomatic representation in the US: Kiribati does not have an embassy in the US; there is an honorary consulate in Honolulu Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in US: Kiribati; the ambassador to the Marshall Islands is accredited to Kiribati Flag description: the upper half is red with a yellow frigate bird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue with three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean Economy Kiribati ---------------- Economy - overview: A remote country of 33 scattered coral atolls, Kiribati has few national resources. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence from the UK in 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely in recent years. Economic development is constrained by a shortage of skilled workers, weak infrastructure, and remoteness from international markets. Tourism provides more than one-fifth of GDP. The financial sector is at an early stage of development as is the expansion of private sector initiatives. Foreign financial aid, from UK, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and China, is a critical supplement to GDP, equal to 25%-50% of GDP in recent years. Remittances from workers abroad account for more than $5 million each year. GDP: purchasing power parity - $79 million (2001 est.), supplemented by a nearly equal amount from external sources GDP - real growth rate: 1.5% (2001 est.) GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $840 (2001 est.) GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 30% industry: 7% services: 63% (1998 est.) Population below poverty line: NA% Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA% percentage share: highest 10%: NA% Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.5% (2001 est.) Labor force: 7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (1985 est.) Unemployment rate: 2%; underemployment 70% (1992 est.) Budget: revenues: $28.4 million expenditures: $37.2 million, including capital expenditures of $NA million (2000 est.) Industries: fishing, handicrafts Industrial production growth rate: 0.7% (1991 est.) Electricity - production: 7 million kWh (2000) Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100% hydro: 0% other: 0% (2000) nuclear: 0% Electricity - consumption: 6.51 million kWh (2000) Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000) Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000) Agriculture - products: copra, taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; fish Exports: $6 million (f.o.b., 1998) Exports - commodities: copra 62%, coconuts, seaweed, fish Exports - partners: Japan, Bangladesh, US, Australia, Brazil, Poland (2000) Imports: $44 million (c.i.f., 1999) Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods, fuel Imports - partners: Australia, Japan, Fiji, Poland, US (2000) Debt - external: $10 million (1999 est.) Economic aid - recipient: $15.5 million (1995), largely from UK and Japan Currency: Australian dollar (AUD) Currency code: AUD Exchange rates: Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.9354 (January 2002), 1.9320 (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997) Fiscal year: NA Communications Kiribati ----------------------- Telephones - main lines in use: 3,800 (1999) Telephones - mobile cellular: NA Telephone system: general assessment: NA domestic: NA international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) note: Kiribati is being linked to the Pacific Ocean Cooperative Telecommunications Network, which should improve telephone service Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 1 note: the FM and shortwave stations may be inactive (2002) Radios: 17,000 (1997) Television broadcast stations: 1 (not reported to be active) (2002) Televisions: 1,000 (1997) Internet country code: .ki Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000) Internet users: 1,000 (2000) Transportation Kiribati ----------------------- Railways: 0 km Highways: total: 670 km paved: NA km unpaved: NA km note: 27 km are paved in South Tarawa (2001) Waterways: 5 km (small network of canals in Line Islands) Ports and harbors: Banaba, Betio, English Harbour, Kanton Merchant marine: total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,291 GRT/1,295 DWT ships by type: passenger/cargo 1 (2002 est.) Airports: 21 (2001) Airports - with paved runways: total: 4 1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2001) Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 17 914 to 1,523 m: 13 under 914 m: 4 (2001) Military Kiribati ----------------- Military branches: no regular military forces; Police Force (carries out law enforcement functions and paramilitary duties; small police posts are on all islands) Military expenditures - dollar $NA figure: Military expenditures - percent of NA% GDP: Military - note: Kiribati does not have military forces; defense assistance is provided by Australia and NZ Transnational Issues Kiribati ----------------------------- Disputes - international: none