The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Psychoanalysis \Psy`cho*a*nal"y*sis\, n.
1. A method or process of psychotherapeutic analysis and
treatment pf psychoneuroses, based on the work of Dr.
Sigmund Freud (1856- 1939) of Vienna. The method rests
upon the theory that neurosis is characteristically due to
repression of desires consciously rejected but
subconsciously persistent; it consists in a close analysis
of the patient's mental history, effort being made to
bring unconsciuos and preconscious material to
consciousness; the methods include analysis of
transferance and resistance. In some variants, stress is
laid upon the dream life, and of treatment by means of
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]
2. The theory of human psychology which is the foundation for
the psychoanalytic therapy, which explores the relation
between conscious and unconscious mental processes in
motivating human behavior and causing neuroses.
3. An integrated set of theories of human personality
development, motivation, and behavior based on a body of
4. One of several schools of psychotherapy, such as jungian
psychoanalysis or freudian psychoanalysis. --[Stedman]
[PJC] -- Psy`cho*an`a*lyt"ic, a.; Psych`o*an"al*ist,
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]