The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Examination \Ex*am`i*na"tion\, n. [L. examinatio: cf. F.
1. The act of examining, or state of being examined; a
careful search, investigation, or inquiry; scrutiny by
study or experiment.
2. A process prescribed or assigned for testing
qualification; as, the examination of a student, or of a
candidate for admission to the bar or the ministry.
He neglected the studies, . . . stood low at the
Examination in chief, or Direct examination (Law), that
examination which is made of a witness by a party calling
Cross-examination, that made by the opposite party.
Re["e]xamination, or Re-direct examination, (Law) that
questioning of a witness at trial made by the party
calling the witness, after, and upon matters arising out
of, the cross-examination; also called informally
Syn: Search; inquiry; investigation; research; scrutiny;
inquisition; inspection; exploration.