The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Rose \Rose\, n. [AS. rose, L. rosa, probably akin to Gr. ?,
Armor. vard, OPer. vareda; and perhaps to E. wort: cf. F.
rose, from the Latin. Cf. Copperas, Rhododendron.]
1. A flower and shrub of any species of the genus Rosa, of
which there are many species, mostly found in the morthern
Note: Roses are shrubs with pinnate leaves and usually
prickly stems. The flowers are large, and in the wild
state have five petals of a color varying from deep
pink to white, or sometimes yellow. By cultivation and
hybridizing the number of petals is greatly increased
and the natural perfume enhanced. In this way many
distinct classes of roses have been formed, as the
Banksia, Baurbon, Boursalt, China, Noisette, hybrid
perpetual, etc., with multitudes of varieties in nearly
2. A knot of ribbon formed like a rose; a rose knot; a
rosette, esp. one worn on a shoe. --Sha.
3. (Arch.) A rose window. See Rose window, below.
4. A perforated nozzle, as of a pipe, spout, etc., for
delivering water in fine jets; a rosehead; also, a
strainer at the foot of a pump.
5. (Med.) The erysipelas. --Dunglison.
6. The card of the mariner's compass; also, a circular card
with radiating lines, used in other instruments.
7. The color of a rose; rose-red; pink.
8. A diamond. See Rose diamond, below.
Cabbage rose, China rose, etc. See under Cabbage,
Corn rose (Bot.) See Corn poppy, under Corn.
Infantile rose (Med.), a variety of roseola.
Jamaica rose. (Bot.) See under Jamaica.
Rose acacia (Bot.), a low American leguminous shrub
(Robinia hispida) with handsome clusters of rose-colored
Rose aniline. (Chem.) Same as Rosaniline.
Rose apple (Bot.), the fruit of the tropical myrtaceous
tree Eugenia Jambos. It is an edible berry an inch or
more in diameter, and is said to have a very strong
Rose beetle. (Zool.)
(a) A small yellowish or buff longlegged beetle
(Macrodactylus subspinosus), which eats the leaves
of various plants, and is often very injurious to
rosebushes, apple trees, grapevines, etc. Called also
rose bug, and rose chafer.
(b) The European chafer.
Rose bug. (Zool.) same as Rose beetle, Rose chafer.
Rose burner, a kind of gas-burner producing a rose-shaped
Rose camphor (Chem.), a solid odorless substance which
separates from rose oil.
Rose campion. (Bot.) See under Campion.
Rose catarrh (Med.), rose cold.
Rose chafer. (Zool.)
(a) A common European beetle (Cetonia aurata) which is
often very injurious to rosebushes; -- called also
rose beetle, and rose fly.
(b) The rose beetle
Rose cold (Med.), a variety of hay fever, sometimes
attributed to the inhalation of the effluvia of roses. See
Hay fever, under Hay.
Rose color, the color of a rose; pink; hence, a beautiful
hue or appearance; fancied beauty, attractiveness, or
Rose de Pompadour, Rose du Barry, names succesively given
to a delicate rose color used on S[`e]vres porcelain.
Rose diamond, a diamond, one side of which is flat, and the
other cut into twenty-four triangular facets in two ranges
which form a convex face pointed at the top. Cf.
Rose ear. See under Ear.
Rose elder (Bot.), the Guelder-rose.
Rose engine, a machine, or an appendage to a turning lathe,
by which a surface or wood, metal, etc., is engraved with
a variety of curved lines. --Craig.
Rose family (Bot.) the Roseceae. See Rosaceous.
Rose fever (Med.), rose cold.
Rose fly (Zool.), a rose betle, or rose chafer.
Rose gall (Zool.), any gall found on rosebushes. See
Rose knot, a ribbon, or other pliade band plaited so as to
resemble a rose; a rosette.
Rose lake, Rose madder, a rich tint prepared from lac and
madder precipitated on an earthy basis. --Fairholt.
Rose mallow. (Bot.)
(a) A name of several malvaceous plants of the genus
Hibiscus, with large rose-colored flowers.
(b) the hollyhock.
Rose nail, a nail with a convex, faceted head.
Rose noble, an ancient English gold coin, stamped with the
figure of a rose, first struck in the reign of Edward
III., and current at 6s. 8d. --Sir W. Scott.
Rose of China. (Bot.) See China rose
(b), under China.
Rose of Jericho (Bot.), a Syrian cruciferous plant
(Anastatica Hierochuntica) which rolls up when dry, and
expands again when moistened; -- called also resurrection
Rose of Sharon (Bot.), an ornamental malvaceous shrub
(Hibiscus Syriacus). In the Bible the name is used for
some flower not yet identified, perhaps a Narcissus, or
possibly the great lotus flower.
Rose oil (Chem.), the yellow essential oil extracted from
various species of rose blossoms, and forming the chief
part of attar of roses.
Rose pink, a pigment of a rose color, made by dyeing chalk
or whiting with a decoction of Brazil wood and alum; also,
the color of the pigment.
Rose quartz (Min.), a variety of quartz which is rose-red.
Rose rash. (Med.) Same as Roseola.
Rose slug (Zool.), the small green larva of a black sawfly
(Selandria rosae). These larvae feed in groups on the
parenchyma of the leaves of rosebushes, and are often
abundant and very destructive.
Rose window (Arch.), a circular window filled with
ornamental tracery. Called also Catherine wheel, and
marigold window. Cf. wheel window, under Wheel.
Summer rose (Med.), a variety of roseola. See Roseola.
Under the rose [a translation of L. sub rosa], in secret;
privately; in a manner that forbids disclosure; -- the
rose being among the ancients the symbol of secrecy, and
hung up at entertainments as a token that nothing there
said was to be divulged.
Wars of the Roses (Eng. Hist.), feuds between the Houses of
York and Lancaster, the white rose being the badge of the
House of York, and the red rose of the House of Lancaster.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Corn \Corn\, n. [AS. corn; akin to OS. korn, D. koren, G., Dan.,
Sw., & Icel. korn, Goth. ka['u]rn, L. granum, Russ. zerno.
Cf. Grain, Kernel.]
1. A single seed of certain plants, as wheat, rye, barley,
and maize; a grain.
2. The various farinaceous grains of the cereal grasses used
for food, as wheat, rye, barley, maize, oats.
Note: In Scotland, corn is generally restricted to oats, in
the United States, to maize, or Indian corn (see
sense 3), and in England to wheat.
[1913 Webster +PJC]
3. a tall cereal plant (Zea mays) bearing its seeds as
large kernels in multiple rows on the surface of a hard
cylindrical ear, the core of which (the cob) is not
edible; -- also called Indian corn and, in technical
literature, maize. There are several kinds; as, yellow
corn, which grows chiefly in the Northern States, and is
yellow when ripe; white corn or southern corn, which
grows to a great height, and has long white kernels;
sweet corn, comprising a number of sweet and tender
varieties, grown chiefly at the North, some of which have
kernels that wrinkle when ripe and dry; pop corn, any
small variety, used for popping. Corn seeds may be cooked
while on the ear and eaten directly, or may be stripped
from the ear and cooked subsequently. The term Indian
corn is often used to refer to a primitive type of corn
having kernels of varied color borne on the same cob; it
is used for decoration, especially in the fall.
[1913 Webster +PJC]
4. The plants which produce corn, when growing in the field;
the stalks and ears, or the stalks, ears, and seeds, after
reaping and before thrashing.
In one night, ere glimpse of morn,
His shadowy flail had thrashed the corn. --Milton.
5. A small, hard particle; a grain. "Corn of sand." --Bp.
Hall. "A corn of powder." --Beau. & Fl.
Corn ball, a ball of popped corn stuck together with soft
candy from molasses or sugar.
Corn bread, bread made of Indian meal.
Corn cake, a kind of corn bread; johnny cake; hoecake.
Corn cockle (Bot.), a weed (Agrostemma Githago syn.
Lychnis Githago), having bright flowers, common in grain
Corn flag (Bot.), a plant of the genus Gladiolus; --
called also sword lily.
Corn fly. (Zool.)
(a) A small fly which, in the larval state, is injurious
to grain, living in the stalk, and causing the disease
called "gout," on account of the swelled joints. The
common European species is Chlorops t[ae]niopus.
(b) A small fly (Anthomyia ze) whose larva or maggot
destroys seed corn after it has been planted.
Corn fritter, a fritter having green Indian corn mixed
through its batter. [U. S.]
Corn laws, laws regulating trade in corn, especially those
in force in Great Britain till 1846, prohibiting the
importation of foreign grain for home consumption, except
when the price rose above a certain rate.
Corn marigold. (Bot.) See under Marigold.
Corn oyster, a fritter containing grated green Indian corn
and butter, the combined taste resembling that of oysters.
Corn parsley (Bot.), a plant of the parsley genus
(Petroselinum segetum), a weed in parts of Europe and
Corn popper, a utensil used in popping corn.
Corn poppy (Bot.), the red poppy (Papaver Rh[oe]as),
common in European cornfields; -- also called corn rose.
Corn rent, rent paid in corn.
Corn rose. See Corn poppy.
Corn salad (Bot.), a name given to several species of
Valerianella, annual herbs sometimes used for salad.
Valerianella olitoria is also called lamb's lettuce.
Corn stone, red limestone. [Prov. Eng.]
Corn violet (Bot.), a species of Campanula.
Corn weevil. (Zool.)
(a) A small weevil which causes great injury to grain.
(b) In America, a weevil (Sphenophorus ze[ae]) which
attacks the stalk of maize near the root, often doing
great damage. See Grain weevil, under Weevil.