Search Result for "black death":
Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (1)

1. the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe;
[syn: Black Death, Black Plague]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Death \Death\ (d[e^]th), n. [OE. deth, dea[eth], AS. de['a][eth]; akin to OS. d[=o][eth], D. dood, G. tod, Icel. dau[eth]i, Sw. & Dan. d["o]d, Goth. dau[thorn]us; from a verb meaning to die. See Die, v. i., and cf. Dead.] 1. The cessation of all vital phenomena without capability of resuscitation, either in animals or plants. [1913 Webster] Note: Local death is going on at all times and in all parts of the living body, in which individual cells and elements are being cast off and replaced by new; a process essential to life. General death is of two kinds; death of the body as a whole (somatic or systemic death), and death of the tissues. By the former is implied the absolute cessation of the functions of the brain, the circulatory and the respiratory organs; by the latter the entire disappearance of the vital actions of the ultimate structural constituents of the body. When death takes place, the body as a whole dies first, the death of the tissues sometimes not occurring until after a considerable interval. --Huxley. [1913 Webster] 2. Total privation or loss; extinction; cessation; as, the death of memory. [1913 Webster] The death of a language can not be exactly compared with the death of a plant. --J. Peile. [1913 Webster] 3. Manner of dying; act or state of passing from life. [1913 Webster] A death that I abhor. --Shak. [1913 Webster] Let me die the death of the righteous. --Num. xxiii. 10. [1913 Webster] 4. Cause of loss of life. [1913 Webster] Swiftly flies the feathered death. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] He caught his death the last county sessions. --Addison. [1913 Webster] 5. Personified: The destroyer of life, -- conventionally represented as a skeleton with a scythe. [1913 Webster] Death! great proprietor of all. --Young. [1913 Webster] And I looked, and behold a pale horse; and his name that sat on him was Death. --Rev. vi. 8. [1913 Webster] 6. Danger of death. "In deaths oft." --2 Cor. xi. 23. [1913 Webster] 7. Murder; murderous character. [1913 Webster] Not to suffer a man of death to live. --Bacon. [1913 Webster] 8. (Theol.) Loss of spiritual life. [1913 Webster] To be carnally minded is death. --Rom. viii. 6. [1913 Webster] 9. Anything so dreadful as to be like death. [1913 Webster] It was death to them to think of entertaining such doctrines. --Atterbury. [1913 Webster] And urged him, so that his soul was vexed unto death. --Judg. xvi. 16. [1913 Webster] Note: Death is much used adjectively and as the first part of a compound, meaning, in general, of or pertaining to death, causing or presaging death; as, deathbed or death bed; deathblow or death blow, etc. [1913 Webster] Black death. See Black death, in the Vocabulary. Civil death, the separation of a man from civil society, or the debarring him from the enjoyment of civil rights, as by banishment, attainder, abjuration of the realm, entering a monastery, etc. --Blackstone. Death adder. (Zool.) (a) A kind of viper found in South Africa (Acanthophis tortor); -- so called from the virulence of its venom. (b) A venomous Australian snake of the family Elapid[ae], of several species, as the Hoplocephalus superbus and Acanthopis antarctica. Death bell, a bell that announces a death. [1913 Webster] The death bell thrice was heard to ring. --Mickle. Death candle, a light like that of a candle, viewed by the superstitious as presaging death. Death damp, a cold sweat at the coming on of death. Death fire, a kind of ignis fatuus supposed to forebode death. [1913 Webster] And round about in reel and rout, The death fires danced at night. --Coleridge. Death grapple, a grapple or struggle for life. Death in life, a condition but little removed from death; a living death. [Poetic] "Lay lingering out a five years' death in life." --Tennyson. Death rate, the relation or ratio of the number of deaths to the population. [1913 Webster] At all ages the death rate is higher in towns than in rural districts. --Darwin. Death rattle, a rattling or gurgling in the throat of a dying person. Death's door, the boundary of life; the partition dividing life from death. Death stroke, a stroke causing death. Death throe, the spasm of death. Death token, the signal of approaching death. Death warrant. (a) (Law) An order from the proper authority for the execution of a criminal. (b) That which puts an end to expectation, hope, or joy. Death wound. (a) A fatal wound or injury. (b) (Naut.) The springing of a fatal leak. Spiritual death (Scripture), the corruption and perversion of the soul by sin, with the loss of the favor of God. The gates of death, the grave. [1913 Webster] Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? --Job xxxviii. 17. The second death, condemnation to eternal separation from God. --Rev. ii. 11. To be the death of, to be the cause of death to; to make die. "It was one who should be the death of both his parents." --Milton. Syn: Death, Decease, Demise, Departure, Release. Usage: Death applies to the termination of every form of existence, both animal and vegetable; the other words only to the human race. Decease is the term used in law for the removal of a human being out of life in the ordinary course of nature. Demise was formerly confined to decease of princes, but is now sometimes used of distinguished men in general; as, the demise of Mr. Pitt. Departure and release are peculiarly terms of Christian affection and hope. A violent death is not usually called a decease. Departure implies a friendly taking leave of life. Release implies a deliverance from a life of suffering or sorrow. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Black death \Black" death`\ A pestilence which ravaged Europe and Asia in the fourteenth century. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Bubonic plague \Bubonic plague\ (Med.) a severe and often fatal disease caused by infection with the bacterium Yersinia pestis (formerly Pasteurella pestis), transmitted to man by the bite of fleas, themselves usually infected by biting infected rodents. It is characterized by the formation of buboes, most notably on the groin and armpits, and accompanied by weakness and high fever. The disease was known as the black death, and was responsible for several devastating plagues throughout the middle ages. When lungs became infected, the disease was called the pneumonic plague. It is still found occasionally in poor areas of undeveloped countries but is rare in developed countries. [PJC]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

151 Moby Thesaurus words for "black death": African lethargy, Asiatic cholera, Chagres fever, German measles, Haverhill fever, acute articular rheumatism, ague, alkali disease, ambulatory plague, amebiasis, amebic dysentery, anthrax, bacillary dysentery, bastard measles, black fever, black plague, blackwater fever, breakbone fever, brucellosis, bubonic plague, cachectic fever, cellulocutaneous plague, cerebral rheumatism, chicken pox, cholera, cowpox, dandy fever, deer fly fever, defervescing plague, dengue, dengue fever, diphtheria, dumdum fever, dysentery, elephantiasis, encephalitis lethargica, enteric fever, epidemic, epiphytotic, epizootic, erysipelas, famine fever, five-day fever, flu, frambesia, glandular fever, glandular plague, grippe, hansenosis, hemorrhagic plague, hepatitis, herpes, herpes simplex, herpes zoster, histoplasmosis, hookworm, hydrophobia, infantile paralysis, infectious mononucleosis, inflammatory rheumatism, influenza, jail fever, jungle rot, kala azar, kissing disease, larval plague, lepra, leprosy, leptospirosis, loa loa, loaiasis, lockjaw, madness, malaria, malarial fever, marsh fever, measles, meningitis, milzbrand, mumps, murrain, ornithosis, osteomyelitis, pandemia, pandemic, paratyphoid fever, parotitis, parrot fever, pertussis, pest, pesthole, pestilence, plague, plague spot, pneumonia, pneumonic plague, polio, poliomyelitis, polyarthritis rheumatism, ponos, premonitory plague, psittacosis, rabbit fever, rabies, rat-bite fever, relapsing fever, rheumatic fever, rickettsialpox, ringworm, rubella, rubeola, scarlatina, scarlet fever, schistosomiasis, scourge, septic sore throat, septicemic plague, shingles, siderating plague, sleeping sickness, sleepy sickness, smallpox, snail fever, splenic fever, spotted fever, strep throat, swamp fever, tetanus, thrush, tinea, trench fever, trench mouth, tuberculosis, tularemia, typhoid, typhoid fever, typhus, typhus fever, undulant fever, vaccinia, varicella, variola, venereal disease, viral dysentery, white plague, whooping cough, yaws, yellow fever, yellow jack, zona, zoster




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