The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Vapor \Va"por\, n. [OE. vapour, OF. vapour, vapor, vapeur, F.
vapeur, L. vapor; probably for cvapor, and akin to Gr. ?
smoke, ? to breathe forth, Lith. kvepti to breathe, smell,
Russ. kopote fine soot. Cf. Vapid.] [Written also
1. (Physics) Any substance in the gaseous, or aeriform,
state, the condition of which is ordinarily that of a
liquid or solid.
Note: The term vapor is sometimes used in a more extended
sense, as identical with gas; and the difference
between the two is not so much one of kind as of
degree, the latter being applied to all permanently
elastic fluids except atmospheric air, the former to
those elastic fluids which lose that condition at
ordinary temperatures. The atmosphere contains more or
less vapor of water, a portion of which, on a reduction
of temperature, becomes condensed into liquid water in
the form of rain or dew. The vapor of water produced by
boiling, especially in its economic relations, is
Vapor is any substance in the gaseous condition
at the maximum of density consistent with that
condition. This is the strict and proper meaning
of the word vapor. --Nichol.
2. In a loose and popular sense, any visible diffused
substance floating in the atmosphere and impairing its
transparency, as smoke, fog, etc.
The vapour which that fro the earth glood [glided].
Fire and hail; snow and vapors; stormy wind
fulfilling his word. --Ps. cxlviii.
3. Wind; flatulence. [Obs.] --Bacon.
4. Something unsubstantial, fleeting, or transitory; unreal
fancy; vain imagination; idle talk; boasting.
For what is your life? It is even a vapor, that
appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth
away. --James iv.
5. pl. An old name for hypochondria, or melancholy; the
blues. "A fit of vapors." --Pope.
6. (Pharm.) A medicinal agent designed for administration in
the form of inhaled vapor. --Brit. Pharm.
(a) A bath in vapor; the application of vapor to the body,
or part of it, in a close place; also, the place
(b) (Chem.) A small metallic drying oven, usually of
copper, for drying and heating filter papers,
precipitates, etc.; -- called also air bath. A
modified form is provided with a jacket in the outside
partition for holding water, or other volatile liquid,
by which the temperature may be limited exactly to the
Vapor burner, a burner for burning a vaporized hydrocarbon.
Vapor density (Chem.), the relative weight of gases and
vapors as compared with some specific standard, usually
hydrogen, but sometimes air. The vapor density of gases
and vaporizable substances as compared with hydrogen, when
multiplied by two, or when compared with air and
multiplied by 28.8, gives the molecular weight.
Vapor engine, an engine worked by the expansive force of a
vapor, esp. a vapor other than steam.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Air \Air\ ([^a]r), n. [OE. air, eir, F. air, L. a["e]r, fr. Gr.
'ah`r, air, mist, for 'a[digamma]hr, fr. root 'a[digamma] to
blow, breathe, probably akin to E. wind. In sense 10 the
French has taking a meaning fr. It. aria atmosphere, air, fr.
the same Latin word; and in senses 11, 12, 13 the French
meaning is either fr. L. aria, or due to confusion with F.
aire, in an older sense of origin, descent. Cf. A["e]ry,
Debonair, Malaria, Wind.]
1. The fluid which we breathe, and which surrounds the earth;
the atmosphere. It is invisible, inodorous, insipid,
transparent, compressible, elastic, and ponderable.
Note: By the ancient philosophers, air was regarded as an
element; but modern science has shown that it is
essentially a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen, with a
small amount of carbon dioxide, the average proportions
being, by volume: oxygen, 20.96 per cent.; nitrogen,
79.00 per cent.; carbon dioxide, 0.04 per cent. These
proportions are subject to a very slight variability.
Air also always contains some vapor of water.
2. Symbolically: Something unsubstantial, light, or volatile.
"Charm ache with air." --Shak.
He was still all air and fire. [Air and fire being
the finer and quicker elements as opposed to earth and
3. A particular state of the atmosphere, as respects heat,
cold, moisture, etc., or as affecting the sensations; as,
a smoky air, a damp air, the morning air, etc.
4. Any a["e]riform body; a gas; as, oxygen was formerly
called vital air. [Obs.]
5. Air in motion; a light breeze; a gentle wind.
Let vernal airs through trembling osiers play.
6. Odoriferous or contaminated air.
7. That which surrounds and influences.
The keen, the wholesome air of poverty.
8. Utterance abroad; publicity; vent.
You gave it air before me. --Dryden.
9. Intelligence; information. [Obs.] --Bacon.
(a) A musical idea, or motive, rhythmically developed in
consecutive single tones, so as to form a symmetrical
and balanced whole, which may be sung by a single
voice to the stanzas of a hymn or song, or even to
plain prose, or played upon an instrument; a melody;
a tune; an aria.
(b) In harmonized chorals, psalmody, part songs, etc.,
the part which bears the tune or melody -- in modern
harmony usually the upper part -- is sometimes called
11. The peculiar look, appearance, and bearing of a person;
mien; demeanor; as, the air of a youth; a heavy air; a
lofty air. "His very air." --Shak.
12. Peculiar appearance; apparent character; semblance;
It was communicated with the air of a secret.
12. pl. An artificial or affected manner; show of pride or
vanity; haughtiness; as, it is said of a person, he puts
on airs. --Thackeray.
(a) The representation or reproduction of the effect of
the atmospheric medium through which every object in
nature is viewed. --New Am. Cyc.
(b) Carriage; attitude; action; movement; as, the head of
that portrait has a good air. --Fairholt.
15. (Man.) The artificial motion or carriage of a horse.
Note: Air is much used adjectively or as the first part of a
compound term. In most cases it might be written
indifferently, as a separate limiting word, or as the
first element of the compound term, with or without the
hyphen; as, air bladder, air-bladder, or airbladder;
air cell, air-cell, or aircell; air-pump, or airpump.
Air balloon. See Balloon.
(a) An apparatus for the application of air to the body.
(b) An arrangement for drying substances in air of any
Air castle. See Castle in the air, under Castle.
Air compressor, a machine for compressing air to be used as
a motive power.
Air crossing, a passage for air in a mine.
Air cushion, an air-tight cushion which can be inflated;
also, a device for arresting motion without shock by
Air fountain, a contrivance for producing a jet of water by
the force of compressed air.
Air furnace, a furnace which depends on a natural draft and
not on blast.
Air line, a straight line; a bee line. Hence
Air-line, adj.; as, air-line road.
Air lock (Hydr. Engin.), an intermediate chamber between
the outer air and the compressed-air chamber of a
pneumatic caisson. --Knight.
Air port (Nav.), a scuttle or porthole in a ship to admit
Air spring, a spring in which the elasticity of air is
Air thermometer, a form of thermometer in which the
contraction and expansion of air is made to measure
changes of temperature.
Air threads, gossamer.
Air trap, a contrivance for shutting off foul air or gas
from drains, sewers, etc.; a stench trap.
Air trunk, a pipe or shaft for conducting foul or heated
air from a room.
Air valve, a valve to regulate the admission or egress of
air; esp. a valve which opens inwardly in a steam boiler
and allows air to enter.
Air way, a passage for a current of air; as the air way of
an air pump; an air way in a mine.
In the air.
(a) Prevalent without traceable origin or authority, as
(b) Not in a fixed or stable position; unsettled.
(c) (Mil.) Unsupported and liable to be turned or taken
in flank; as, the army had its wing in the air.
on the air, currently transmitting; live; -- used of radio
and television broadcasts, to indicate that the images and
sounds being picked up by cameras and microphones are
being broadcast at the present moment.
Note: In call-in programs where individuals outside a radio
or television studio have telephoned into the station,
when their voice is being directly broadcast, the host
of the program commonly states "You're on the air." as
a warning that the conversation is not private.
To take air, to be divulged; to be made public.
To take the air, to go abroad; to walk or ride out.