1. the criminal act of capturing and carrying away by force a family member
; if a man's wife is abducted it is a crime against the family relationship and against the wife
2. (physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Abduction \Ab*duc"tion\, n. [L. abductio: cf. F. abduction.]
1. The act of abducing or abducting; a drawing apart; a
carrying away. --Roget.
2. (Physiol.) The movement which separates a limb or other
part from the axis, or middle line, of the body.
3. (Law) The wrongful, and usually the forcible, carrying off
of a human being; as, the abduction of a child, the
abduction of an heiress.
4. (Logic) A syllogism or form of argument in which the major
is evident, but the minor is only probable.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: the criminal act of capturing and carrying away by force a
family member; if a man's wife is abducted it is a crime
against the family relationship and against the wife
2: (physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis
of the body
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
28 Moby Thesaurus words for "abduction":
apprehension, arrest, arrestation, capture, catch, catching,
collaring, coup, crimping, dragnet, forcible seizure, grab,
grabbing, hold, impressment, kidnapping, nabbing, picking up,
power grab, prehension, running in, seizure, seizure of power,
shanghaiing, snatch, snatching, taking in, taking into custody
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018):
The process of inference to the best explanation.
"Abduction" is sometimes used to mean just the generation of
hypotheses to explain observations or conclusionsm, but the
former definition is more common both in philosophy and
The semantics and the implementation of abduction cannot be
reduced to those for deduction, as explanation cannot be
reduced to implication.
Applications include fault diagnosis, plan formation and
Negation as failure in logic programming can both be given
an abductive interpretation and also can be used to implement
abduction. The abductive semantics of negation as failure
leads naturally to an argumentation-theoretic interpretation
of default reasoning in general.
[Better explanation? Example?]
["Abductive Inference", John R. Josephson
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):
ABDUCTION, crim. law. The carrying away of any person by force or fraud.
This is a misdemeanor punishable by indictment. 1 East, P.C. 458; 1 Russell,
569. The civil remedies are recaption, (q.v.) 3 Inst. 134; Hal. Anal. 46; 3
Bl. Com 4; by writ of habeas corpus; and an action of trespass, Fitz. N. B.
89; 3 Bl. Com 139, n. 27; Roscoe, Cr. Ev. 193.