The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Golden \Gold"en\ (g[=o]ld"'n), a. [OE. golden; cf. OE. gulden,
AS. gylden, from gold. See Gold, and cf. Guilder.]
1. Made of gold; consisting of gold.
2. Having the color of gold; as, the golden grain.
3. Very precious; highly valuable; excellent; eminently
auspicious; as, golden opinions.
(a) The fabulous age of primeval simplicity and purity of
manners in rural employments, followed by the silver
age, bronze age, and iron age. --Dryden.
(b) (Roman Literature) The best part (B. C. 81 -- A. D.
14) of the classical period of Latinity; the time when
Cicero, C[ae]sar, Virgil, etc., wrote. Hence:
(c) That period in the history of a literature, etc., when
it flourishes in its greatest purity or attains its
greatest glory; as, the Elizabethan age has been
considered the golden age of English literature.
Golden balls, three gilt balls used as a sign of a
pawnbroker's office or shop; -- originally taken from the
coat of arms of Lombardy, the first money lenders in
London having been Lombards.
Golden bull. See under Bull, an edict.
Golden chain (Bot.), the shrub Cytisus Laburnum, so named
from its long clusters of yellow blossoms.
Golden club (Bot.), an aquatic plant (Orontium
aquaticum), bearing a thick spike of minute yellow
Golden cup (Bot.), the buttercup.
Golden eagle (Zool.), a large and powerful eagle (Aquila
Chrysa["e]tos) inhabiting Europe, Asia, and North
America. It is so called from the brownish yellow tips of
the feathers on the head and neck. A dark variety is
called the royal eagle; the young in the second year is
the ring-tailed eagle.
(a) (Mythol.) The fleece of gold fabled to have been taken
from the ram that bore Phryxus through the air to
Colchis, and in quest of which Jason undertook the
(b) (Her.) An order of knighthood instituted in 1429 by
Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy; -- called also
Golden grease, a bribe; a fee. [Slang]
Golden hair (Bot.), a South African shrubby composite plant
with golden yellow flowers, the Chrysocoma Coma-aurea.
Golden Horde (Hist.), a tribe of Mongolian Tartars who
overran and settled in Southern Russia early in the 18th
Golden Legend, a hagiology (the "Aurea Legenda") written by
James de Voragine, Archbishop of Genoa, in the 13th
century, translated and printed by Caxton in 1483, and
partially paraphrased by Longfellow in a poem thus
Golden marcasite tin. [Obs.]
Golden mean, the way of wisdom and safety between extremes;
sufficiency without excess; moderation.
Angels guard him in the golden mean. --Pope.
Golden mole (Zool), one of several South African
Insectivora of the family Chrysochlorid[ae], resembling
moles in form and habits. The fur is tinted with green,
purple, and gold.
Golden number (Chronol.), a number showing the year of the
lunar or Metonic cycle. It is reckoned from 1 to 19, and
is so called from having formerly been written in the
calendar in gold.
Golden oriole. (Zool.) See Oriole.
Golden pheasant. See under Pheasant.
Golden pippin, a kind of apple, of a bright yellow color.
Golden plover (Zool.), one of several species of plovers,
of the genus Charadrius, esp. the European (Charadrius
apricarius, syn. Charadrius pluvialis; -- called also
yellow plover, black-breasted plover, hill plover,
and whistling plover. The common American species
(Charadrius dominicus) is also called frostbird, and
Golden robin. (Zool.) See Baltimore oriole, in Vocab.
Golden rose (R. C. Ch.), a gold or gilded rose blessed by
the pope on the fourth Sunday in Lent, and sent to some
church or person in recognition of special services
rendered to the Holy See.
(a) The rule of doing as we would have others do to us.
Cf. --Luke vi. 31.
(b) The rule of proportion, or rule of three.
Golden samphire (Bot.), a composite plant (Inula
crithmoides), found on the seashore of Europe.
Golden saxifrage (Bot.), a low herb with yellow flowers
(Chrysosplenium oppositifolium), blossoming in wet
places in early spring.
Golden seal (Bot.), a perennial ranunculaceous herb
(Hydrastis Canadensis), with a thick knotted rootstock
and large rounded leaves.
Golden sulphide of antimony, or Golden sulphuret of
antimony (Chem.), the pentasulphide of antimony, a golden or
orange yellow powder.
Golden warbler (Zool.), a common American wood warbler
(Dendroica [ae]stiva); -- called also blue-eyed yellow
warbler, garden warbler, and summer yellow bird.
Golden wasp (Zool.), a bright-colored hymenopterous insect,
of the family Chrysidid[ae]. The colors are golden,
blue, and green.
Golden wedding. See under Wedding.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Yellow \Yel"low\ (y[e^]l"l[-o]), a. [Compar. Yellower
(y[e^]l"l[-o]*[~e]r); superl. Yellowest.] [OE. yelow,
yelwe, [yogh]elow, [yogh]eoluw, from AS. geolu; akin to D.
geel, OS. & OHG. gelo, G. gelb, Icel. gulr, Sw. gul, Dan.
guul, L. helvus light bay, Gr. chlo`n young verdure, chlwro`s
greenish yellow, Skr. hari tawny, yellowish. [root]49. Cf.
Chlorine, Gall a bitter liquid, Gold, Yolk.]
1. Being of a bright saffronlike color; of the color of gold
or brass; having the hue of that part of the rainbow, or
of the solar spectrum, which is between the orange and the
Her yellow hair was browded [braided] in a tress.
A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought
First fruits, the green ear and the yellow sheaf.
The line of yellow light dies fast away. --Keble.
2. Cowardly; hence, dishonorable; mean; contemptible; as, he
has a yellow streak. [Slang]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
3. Sensational; -- said of some newspapers, their makers,
etc.; as, yellow journal, journalism, etc. [Colloq.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Yellow atrophy (Med.), a fatal affection of the liver, in
which it undergoes fatty degeneration, and becomes rapidly
smaller and of a deep yellow tinge. The marked symptoms
are black vomit, delirium, convulsions, coma, and
Yellow bark, calisaya bark.
Yellow bass (Zool.), a North American fresh-water bass
(Morone interrupta) native of the lower parts of the
Mississippi and its tributaries. It is yellow, with
several more or less broken black stripes or bars. Called
Yellow berry. (Bot.) Same as Persian berry, under
Yellow boy, a gold coin, as a guinea. [Slang] --Arbuthnot.
Yellow brier. (Bot.) See under Brier.
Yellow bugle (Bot.), a European labiate plant (Ajuga
Yellow bunting (Zool.), the European yellow-hammer.
Yellow cat (Zool.), a yellow catfish; especially, the
Yellow copperas (Min.), a hydrous sulphate of iron; --
called also copiapite.
Yellow copper ore, a sulphide of copper and iron; copper
pyrites. See Chalcopyrite.
Yellow cress (Bot.), a yellow-flowered, cruciferous plant
(Barbarea praecox), sometimes grown as a salad plant.
Yellow dock. (Bot.) See the Note under Dock.
Yellow earth, a yellowish clay, colored by iron, sometimes
used as a yellow pigment.
Yellow fever (Med.), a malignant, contagious, febrile
disease of warm climates, attended with jaundice,
producing a yellow color of the skin, and with the black
vomit. See Black vomit, in the Vocabulary.
Yellow flag, the quarantine flag. See under Quarantine,
and 3d Flag.
(a) The yellow fever. See under 2d Jack.
(b) The quarantine flag. See under Quarantine.
Yellow jacket (Zool.), any one of several species of
American social wasps of the genus Vespa, in which the
color of the body is partly bright yellow. These wasps are
noted for their irritability, and for their painful
Yellow lead ore (Min.), wulfenite.
Yellow lemur (Zool.), the kinkajou.
Yellow macauco (Zool.), the kinkajou.
Yellow mackerel (Zool.), the jurel.
Yellow metal. Same as Muntz metal, under Metal.
Yellow ocher (Min.), an impure, earthy variety of brown
iron ore, which is used as a pigment.
Yellow oxeye (Bot.), a yellow-flowered plant
(Chrysanthemum segetum) closely related to the oxeye
Yellow perch (Zool.), the common American perch. See
Yellow pike (Zool.), the wall-eye.
Yellow pine (Bot.), any of several kinds of pine; also,
their yellowish and generally durable timber. Among the
most common are valuable species are Pinus mitis and
Pinus palustris of the Eastern and Southern States, and
Pinus ponderosa and Pinus Arizonica of the Rocky
Mountains and Pacific States.
Yellow plover (Zool.), the golden plover.
Yellow precipitate (Med. Chem.), an oxide of mercury which
is thrown down as an amorphous yellow powder on adding
corrosive sublimate to limewater.
Yellow puccoon. (Bot.) Same as Orangeroot.
Yellow rail (Zool.), a small American rail (Porzana
Noveboracensis) in which the lower parts are dull yellow,
darkest on the breast. The back is streaked with brownish
yellow and with black, and spotted with white. Called also
Yellow rattle, Yellow rocket. (Bot.) See under Rattle,
Yellow Sally (Zool.), a greenish or yellowish European
stone fly of the genus Chloroperla; -- so called by
Yellow sculpin (Zool.), the dragonet.
Yellow snake (Zool.), a West Indian boa (Chilobothrus
inornatus) common in Jamaica. It becomes from eight to
ten long. The body is yellowish or yellowish green, mixed
with black, and anteriorly with black lines.
(a) (Anat.) A small yellowish spot with a central pit, the
fovea centralis, in the center of the retina where
vision is most accurate. See Eye.
(b) (Zool.) A small American butterfly (Polites Peckius)
of the Skipper family. Its wings are brownish, with a
large, irregular, bright yellow spot on each of the
hind wings, most conspicuous beneath. Called also
Peck's skipper. See Illust. under Skipper, n., 5.
Yellow tit (Zool.), any one of several species of crested
titmice of the genus Machlolophus, native of India. The
predominating colors of the plumage are yellow and green.
Yellow viper (Zool.), the fer-de-lance.
Yellow warbler (Zool.), any one of several species of
American warblers of the genus Dendroica in which the
predominant color is yellow, especially Dendroica
aestiva, which is a very abundant and familiar species;
-- called also garden warbler, golden warbler, summer
yellowbird, summer warbler, and yellow-poll warbler.
Yellow wash (Pharm.), yellow oxide of mercury suspended in
water, -- a mixture prepared by adding corrosive sublimate
Yellow wren (Zool.)
(a) The European willow warbler.
(b) The European wood warbler.