[syn: class, year]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Sidereal \Si*de"re*al\, a. [L. sidereus, from sidus, sideris, a
constellation, a star. Cf. Sideral, Consider, Desire.]
1. Relating to the stars; starry; astral; as, sidereal
2. (Astron.) Measuring by the apparent motion of the stars;
designated, marked out, or accompanied, by a return to the
same position in respect to the stars; as, the sidereal
revolution of a planet; a sidereal day.
Sidereal clock, day, month, year. See under Clock,
Sideral time, time as reckoned by sideral days, or, taking
the sidereal day as the unit, the time elapsed since a
transit of the vernal equinox, reckoned in parts of a
sidereal day. This is, strictly, apparent sidereal time,
mean sidereal time being reckoned from the transit, not of
the true, but of the mean, equinoctial point.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Year \Year\, n. [OE. yer, yeer, [yogh]er, AS. ge['a]r; akin to
OFries. i?r, g?r, D. jaar, OHG. j[=a]r, G. jahr, Icel. [=a]r,
Dan. aar, Sw. [*a]r, Goth. j?r, Gr. ? a season of the year,
springtime, a part of the day, an hour, ? a year, Zend
y[=a]re year. [root]4, 279. Cf. Hour, Yore.]
1. The time of the apparent revolution of the sun trough the
ecliptic; the period occupied by the earth in making its
revolution around the sun, called the astronomical year;
also, a period more or less nearly agreeing with this,
adopted by various nations as a measure of time, and
called the civil year; as, the common lunar year of 354
days, still in use among the Mohammedans; the year of 360
days, etc. In common usage, the year consists of 365 days,
and every fourth year (called bissextile, or leap year) of
366 days, a day being added to February on that year, on
account of the excess above 365 days (see Bissextile).
Of twenty year of age he was, I guess. --Chaucer.
Note: The civil, or legal, year, in England, formerly
commenced on the 25th of March. This practice continued
throughout the British dominions till the year 1752.
2. The time in which any planet completes a revolution about
the sun; as, the year of Jupiter or of Saturn.
3. pl. Age, or old age; as, a man in years. --Shak.
Anomalistic year, the time of the earth's revolution from
perihelion to perihelion again, which is 365 days, 6
hours, 13 minutes, and 48 seconds.
A year's mind (Eccl.), a commemoration of a deceased
person, as by a Mass, a year after his death. Cf. A
month's mind, under Month.
Bissextile year. See Bissextile.
Canicular year. See under Canicular.
Civil year, the year adopted by any nation for the
computation of time.
Common lunar year, the period of 12 lunar months, or 354
Common year, each year of 365 days, as distinguished from
Embolismic year, or Intercalary lunar year, the period of
13 lunar months, or 384 days.
Fiscal year (Com.), the year by which accounts are
reckoned, or the year between one annual time of
settlement, or balancing of accounts, and another.
Great year. See Platonic year, under Platonic.
Gregorian year, Julian year. See under Gregorian, and
Leap year. See Leap year, in the Vocabulary.
Lunar astronomical year, the period of 12 lunar synodical
months, or 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes, 36 seconds.
Lunisolar year. See under Lunisolar.
Periodical year. See Anomalistic year, above.
Platonic year, Sabbatical year. See under Platonic, and
Sidereal year, the time in which the sun, departing from
any fixed star, returns to the same. This is 365 days, 6
hours, 9 minutes, and 9.3 seconds.
Tropical year. See under Tropical.
Year and a day (O. Eng. Law), a time to be allowed for an
act or an event, in order that an entire year might be
secured beyond all question. --Abbott.
Year of grace, any year of the Christian era; Anno Domini;
A. D. or a. d.
[1913 Webster] year 2000 bug
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a period of time containing 365 (or 366) days; "she is 4
years old"; "in the year 1920" [syn: year, twelvemonth,
2: a period of time occupying a regular part of a calendar year
that is used for some particular activity; "a school year"
3: the period of time that it takes for a planet (as, e.g.,
Earth or Mars) to make a complete revolution around the sun;
"a Martian year takes 687 of our days"
4: a body of students who graduate together; "the class of '97";
"she was in my year at Hoehandle High" [syn: class, year]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
44 Moby Thesaurus words for "year":
abundant year, academic year, annum, bissextile year,
calendar month, calendar year, century, common year, day, decade,
decennary, decennium, defective year, fiscal year, fortnight, hour,
leap year, lunar month, lunar year, lunation, luster, lustrum,
man-hour, microsecond, millennium, millisecond, minute, moment,
month, moon, quarter, quinquennium, regular year, second, semester,
session, sidereal year, solar year, sun, term, trimester,
twelvemonth, week, weekday
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary:
Heb. shanah, meaning "repetition" or "revolution" (Gen. 1:14;
5:3). Among the ancient Egyptians the year consisted of twelve
months of thirty days each, with five days added to make it a
complete revolution of the earth round the sun. The Jews
reckoned the year in two ways, (1) according to a sacred
calendar, in which the year began about the time of the vernal
equinox, with the month Abib; and (2) according to a civil
calendar, in which the year began about the time of the autumnal
equinox, with the month Nisan. The month Tisri is now the
beginning of the Jewish year.
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):
YEAR. The period in which the revolution of the earth round the sun, and the
accompanying changes in the order of nature, are completed.
2. The civil year differs from the astronomical, the latter being
composed of 365 days, 5 hours, 48 seconds and a fraction, while the former
consists, sometimes of three hundred and sixty-five days, and at others, in
leap years, of three hundred and sixty-six days.
3. The year is divided into half-year which consists, according to Co.
Litt. 135 b, of 182 days; and quarter of a year, which consists of 91 days,
Ibid. and 2 Roll. Ab. 521, 1. 40. It is further divided into twelve months.
4. The civil year commences immediately after twelve o'clock at night
of the thirty-first day of December, that is the first moment of the first
day of January, and ends at midnight of the thirty-first day of December,
twelve mouths thereafter. Vide Com. Dig. Ann.; 2 Bl. Com. by Chitty, 140,
n.; Chitt. Pr. Index tit. Time alteration of the calendar (q.v.) from old to
new style in England, (see Bissextile,) and the colonies of that country in
America, the year in chronological reckoning was supposed to commence with
the first day of January, although the legal year did not commence until
March 25th, the intermediate time being doubly indicated: thus February 15,
1724, and so on. This mode of reckoning was altered by the statute 24 Geo.
II. cap. 23, which gave rise to an act of assembly of Pennsylvania, passed
March 11, 1752; 1 Sm. Laws, 217, conforming thereto, and also to the repeal
of the act of 1710.
5. In New York it is enacted that whenever the term "year" or "years"
is or shall be used in any statute, deed, verbal or written contract, or any
public or private instrument whatever, the year intended shall be taken to
consist of three hundred and sixty-five days; half a year of a hundred and
eighty-two days; and a quarter of a year of ninety-two days; and the day of
a leap year, and the day immediately preceding, if they shall occur in any
period so to be computed, shall be reckoned together as one day. Rev. Stat.
part 1, c. 19, t. 1, Sec. 3.
The Devil's Dictionary (1881-1906):
YEAR, n. A period of three hundred and sixty-five disappointments.