The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Model \Mod"el\, n. [F. mod[`e]le, It. modello, fr. (assumed) L.
modellus, fr. modulus a small measure, dim. of modus. See
Mode, and cf. Module.]
1. A miniature representation of a thing, with the several
parts in due proportion; sometimes, a facsimile of the
same size; as, a [frac1x100] scale model of the B-52
In charts, in maps, and eke in models made.
I had my father's signet in my purse,
Which was the model of that Danish seal. --Shak.
You have the models of several ancient temples,
though the temples and the gods are perished.
2. Something intended to serve, or that may serve, as a
pattern of something to be made; a material representation
or embodiment of an ideal; sometimes, a drawing; a plan;
as, the clay model of a sculpture; the inventor's model of
[The application for a patent] must be accompanied
by a full description of the invention, with
drawings and a model where the case admits of it.
When we mean to build
We first survey the plot, then draw the model.
3. Anything which serves, or may serve, as an example for
imitation; as, a government formed on the model of the
American constitution; a model of eloquence, virtue, or
4. That by which a thing is to be measured; standard.
He that despairs measures Providence by his own
little, contracted model. --South.
5. Any copy, or resemblance, more or less exact.
Thou seest thy wretched brother die,
Who was the model of thy father's life. --Shak.
6. A person who poses as a pattern for an artist; as, the
artist used his daughter as a model for an Indian maiden.
[1913 Webster +PJC]
7. A person who is employed to wear clothing for the purpose
of advertising or display, or who poses with a product for
the same purpose; a mannequin; as, a fashion model.
A professional model. --H. James.
8. A particular version or design of an object that is made
in multiple versions; as, the 1993 model of the Honda
Accord; the latest model of the HP laserjet printer. For
many manufactured products, the model name is encoded as
part of the
9. An abstract and often simplified conceptual representation
of the workings of a system of objects in the real world,
which often includes mathematical or logical objects and
relations representing the objects and relations in the
real-world system, and constructed for the purpose of
explaining the workings of the system or predicting its
behavior under hypothetical conditions; as, the
administration's model of the United States economy
predicts budget surpluses for the next fifteen years;
different models of the universe assume different values
for the cosmological constant; models of proton structure
have grown progressively more complex in the past century.
Working model, a model of a machine which can do on a small
scale the work which the machine itself does, or is
expected to do.