1. [syn: wind instrument, wind]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Wind \Wind\ (w[i^]nd, in poetry and singing often w[imac]nd;
277), n. [AS. wind; akin to OS., OFries., D., & G. wind, OHG.
wint, Dan. & Sw. vind, Icel. vindr, Goth winds, W. gwynt, L.
ventus, Skr. v[=a]ta (cf. Gr. 'ah`ths a blast, gale, 'ah^nai
to breathe hard, to blow, as the wind); originally a p. pr.
from the verb seen in Skr. v[=a] to blow, akin to AS.
w[=a]wan, D. waaijen, G. wehen, OHG. w[=a]en, w[=a]jen, Goth.
waian. [root]131. Cf. Air, Ventail, Ventilate,
1. Air naturally in motion with any degree of velocity; a
current of air.
Except wind stands as never it stood,
It is an ill wind that turns none to good. --Tusser.
Winds were soft, and woods were green. --Longfellow.
2. Air artificially put in motion by any force or action; as,
the wind of a cannon ball; the wind of a bellows.
3. Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or
by an instrument.
Their instruments were various in their kind,
Some for the bow, and some for breathing wind.
4. Power of respiration; breath.
If my wind were but long enough to say my prayers, I
would repent. --Shak.
5. Air or gas generated in the stomach or bowels; flatulence;
as, to be troubled with wind.
6. Air impregnated with an odor or scent.
A pack of dogfish had him in the wind. --Swift.
7. A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the
compass; especially, one of the cardinal points, which are
often called the four winds.
Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon
these slain. --Ezek.
Note: This sense seems to have had its origin in the East.
The Hebrews gave to each of the four cardinal points
the name of wind.
8. (Far.) A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are
distended with air, or rather affected with a violent
inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
9. Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
Nor think thou with wind
Of airy threats to awe. --Milton.
10. (Zool.) The dotterel. [Prov. Eng.]
11. (Boxing) The region of the pit of the stomach, where a
blow may paralyze the diaphragm and cause temporary loss
of breath or other injury; the mark. [Slang or Cant]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Note: Wind is often used adjectively, or as the first part of
All in the wind. (Naut.) See under All, n.
Before the wind. (Naut.) See under Before.
Between wind and water (Naut.), in that part of a ship's
side or bottom which is frequently brought above water by
the rolling of the ship, or fluctuation of the water's
surface. Hence, colloquially, (as an injury to that part
of a vessel, in an engagement, is particularly dangerous)
the vulnerable part or point of anything.
Cardinal winds. See under Cardinal, a.
Down the wind.
(a) In the direction of, and moving with, the wind; as,
birds fly swiftly down the wind.
(b) Decaying; declining; in a state of decay. [Obs.] "He
went down the wind still." --L'Estrange.
In the wind's eye (Naut.), directly toward the point from
which the wind blows.
Three sheets in the wind, unsteady from drink. [Sailors'
To be in the wind, to be suggested or expected; to be a
matter of suspicion or surmise. [Colloq.]
To carry the wind (Man.), to toss the nose as high as the
ears, as a horse.
To raise the wind, to procure money. [Colloq.]
To take the wind or To have the wind, to gain or have the
To take the wind out of one's sails, to cause one to stop,
or lose way, as when a vessel intercepts the wind of
another; to cause one to lose enthusiasm, or momentum in
an activity. [Colloq.]
To take wind, or To get wind, to be divulged; to become
public; as, the story got wind, or took wind.
Wind band (Mus.), a band of wind instruments; a military
band; the wind instruments of an orchestra.
Wind chest (Mus.), a chest or reservoir of wind in an
Wind dropsy. (Med.)
(b) Emphysema of the subcutaneous areolar tissue.
Wind egg, an imperfect, unimpregnated, or addled egg.
Wind furnace. See the Note under Furnace.
Wind gauge. See under Gauge.
Wind gun. Same as Air gun.
Wind hatch (Mining), the opening or place where the ore is
taken out of the earth.
Wind instrument (Mus.), an instrument of music sounded by
means of wind, especially by means of the breath, as a
flute, a clarinet, etc.
Wind pump, a pump moved by a windmill.
Wind rose, a table of the points of the compass, giving the
states of the barometer, etc., connected with winds from
the different directions.
(a) (Naut.) A wide tube or funnel of canvas, used to
convey a stream of air for ventilation into the lower
compartments of a vessel.
(b) The sail or vane of a windmill.
Wind shake, a crack or incoherence in timber produced by
violent winds while the timber was growing.
Wind shock, a wind shake.
Wind side, the side next the wind; the windward side. [R.]
Wind rush (Zool.), the redwing. [Prov. Eng.]
Wind wheel, a motor consisting of a wheel moved by wind.
Wood wind (Mus.), the flutes and reed instruments of an
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a musical instrument in which the sound is produced by an
enclosed column of air that is moved by the breath [syn:
wind instrument, wind]