The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Wave \Wave\, n. [From Wave, v.; not the same word as OE. wawe,
waghe, a wave, which is akin to E. wag to move. [root]138.
See Wave, v. i.]
1. An advancing ridge or swell on the surface of a liquid, as
of the sea, resulting from the oscillatory motion of the
particles composing it when disturbed by any force their
position of rest; an undulation.
The wave behind impels the wave before. --Pope.
2. (Physics) A vibration propagated from particle to particle
through a body or elastic medium, as in the transmission
of sound; an assemblage of vibrating molecules in all
phases of a vibration, with no phase repeated; a wave of
vibration; an undulation. See Undulation.
3. Water; a body of water. [Poetic] "Deep drank Lord Marmion
of the wave." --Sir W. Scott.
Build a ship to save thee from the flood,
I 'll furnish thee with fresh wave, bread, and wine.
4. Unevenness; inequality of surface. --Sir I. Newton.
5. A waving or undulating motion; a signal made with the
hand, a flag, etc.
6. The undulating line or streak of luster on cloth watered,
or calendered, or on damask steel.
7. Something resembling or likened to a water wave, as in
rising unusually high, in being of unusual extent, or in
progressive motion; a swelling or excitement, as of
feeling or energy; a tide; flood; period of intensity,
usual activity, or the like; as, a wave of enthusiasm;
waves of applause.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Wave front (Physics), the surface of initial displacement
of the particles in a medium, as a wave of vibration
Wave length (Physics), the space, reckoned in the direction
of propagation, occupied by a complete wave or undulation,
as of light, sound, etc.; the distance from a point or
phase in a wave to the nearest point at which the same
Wave line (Shipbuilding), a line of a vessel's hull, shaped
in accordance with the wave-line system.
Wave-line system, Wave-line theory (Shipbuilding), a
system or theory of designing the lines of a vessel, which
takes into consideration the length and shape of a wave
which travels at a certain speed.
Wave loaf, a loaf for a wave offering. --Lev. viii. 27.
Wave moth (Zool.), any one of numerous species of small
geometrid moths belonging to Acidalia and allied genera;
-- so called from the wavelike color markings on the
Wave offering, an offering made in the Jewish services by
waving the object, as a loaf of bread, toward the four
cardinal points. --Num. xviii. 11.
Wave of vibration (Physics), a wave which consists in, or
is occasioned by, the production and transmission of a
vibratory state from particle to particle through a body.
(a) (Physics) A surface of simultaneous and equal
displacement of the particles composing a wave of
(b) (Geom.) A mathematical surface of the fourth order
which, upon certain hypotheses, is the locus of a wave
surface of light in the interior of crystals. It is
used in explaining the phenomena of double refraction.
See under Refraction.
Wave theory. (Physics) See Undulatory theory, under