The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Foot \Foot\ (f[oo^]t), n.; pl. Feet (f[=e]t). [OE. fot, foot,
pl. fet, feet. AS. f[=o]t, pl. f[=e]t; akin to D. voet, OHG.
fuoz, G. fuss, Icel. f[=o]tr, Sw. fot, Dan. fod, Goth.
f[=o]tus, L. pes, Gr. poy`s, Skr. p[=a]d, Icel. fet step,
pace measure of a foot, feta to step, find one's way.
[root]77, 250. Cf. Antipodes, Cap-a-pie, Expedient,
Fet to fetch, Fetlock, Fetter, Pawn a piece in chess,
1. (Anat.) The terminal part of the leg of man or an animal;
esp., the part below the ankle or wrist; that part of an
animal upon which it rests when standing, or moves. See
Manus, and Pes.
2. (Zool.) The muscular locomotive organ of a mollusk. It is
a median organ arising from the ventral region of body,
often in the form of a flat disk, as in snails. See
Illust. of Buccinum.
3. That which corresponds to the foot of a man or animal; as,
the foot of a table; the foot of a stocking.
4. The lowest part or base; the ground part; the bottom, as
of a mountain, column, or page; also, the last of a row or
series; the end or extremity, esp. if associated with
inferiority; as, the foot of a hill; the foot of the
procession; the foot of a class; the foot of the bed;; the
foot of the page.
And now at foot
Of heaven's ascent they lift their feet. --Milton.
5. Fundamental principle; basis; plan; -- used only in the
Answer directly upon the foot of dry reason.
6. Recognized condition; rank; footing; -- used only in the
As to his being on the foot of a servant. --Walpole.
7. A measure of length equivalent to twelve inches; one third
of a yard. See Yard.
Note: This measure is supposed to be taken from the length of
a man's foot. It differs in length in different
countries. In the United States and in England it is
8. (Mil.) Soldiers who march and fight on foot; the infantry,
usually designated as the foot, in distinction from the
cavalry. "Both horse and foot." --Milton.
9. (Pros.) A combination of syllables consisting a metrical
element of a verse, the syllables being formerly
distinguished by their quantity or length, but in modern
poetry by the accent.
10. (Naut.) The lower edge of a sail.
Note: Foot is often used adjectively, signifying of or
pertaining to a foot or the feet, or to the base or
lower part. It is also much used as the first of
Foot artillery. (Mil.)
(a) Artillery soldiers serving in foot.
(b) Heavy artillery. --Farrow.
Foot bank (Fort.), a raised way within a parapet.
Foot barracks (Mil.), barracks for infantery.
Foot bellows, a bellows worked by a treadle. --Knight.
Foot company (Mil.), a company of infantry. --Milton.
Foot gear, covering for the feet, as stocking, shoes, or
Foot hammer (Mach.), a small tilt hammer moved by a
(a) The step of a carriage.
(b) A fetter.
Foot jaw. (Zool.) See Maxilliped.
Foot key (Mus.), an organ pedal.
Foot level (Gunnery), a form of level used in giving any
proposed angle of elevation to a piece of ordnance.
Foot mantle, a long garment to protect the dress in riding;
a riding skirt. [Obs.]
Foot page, an errand boy; an attendant. [Obs.]
Foot passenger, one who passes on foot, as over a road or
Foot pavement, a paved way for foot passengers; a footway;
Foot poet, an inferior poet; a poetaster. [R.] --Dryden.
(a) A letter carrier who travels on foot.
(b) A mail delivery by means of such carriers.
Fot pound, & Foot poundal. (Mech.) See Foot pound and
Foot poundal, in the Vocabulary.
Foot press (Mach.), a cutting, embossing, or printing
press, moved by a treadle.
Foot race, a race run by persons on foot. --Cowper.
Foot rail, a railroad rail, with a wide flat flange on the
Foot rot, an ulcer in the feet of sheep; claw sickness.
Foot rule, a rule or measure twelve inches long.
Foot screw, an adjusting screw which forms a foot, and
serves to give a machine or table a level standing on an
Foot secretion. (Zool.) See Sclerobase.
Foot soldier, a soldier who serves on foot.
Foot stick (Printing), a beveled piece of furniture placed
against the foot of the page, to hold the type in place.
Foot stove, a small box, with an iron pan, to hold hot
coals for warming the feet.
Foot tubercle. (Zool.) See Parapodium.
Foot valve (Steam Engine), the valve that opens to the air
pump from the condenser.
Foot vise, a kind of vise the jaws of which are operated by
Foot waling (Naut.), the inside planks or lining of a
vessel over the floor timbers. --Totten.
Foot wall (Mining), the under wall of an inclosed vein.
By foot, or On foot, by walking; as, to pass a stream on
Cubic foot. See under Cubic.
Foot and mouth disease, a contagious disease (Eczema
epizo["o]tica) of cattle, sheep, swine, etc.,
characterized by the formation of vesicles and ulcers in
the mouth and about the hoofs.
Foot of the fine (Law), the concluding portion of an
acknowledgment in court by which, formerly, the title of
land was conveyed. See Fine of land, under Fine, n.;
also Chirograph. (b).
Square foot. See under Square.
To be on foot, to be in motion, action, or process of
To keep the foot (Script.), to preserve decorum. "Keep thy
foot when thou goest to the house of God." --Eccl. v. 1.
To put one's foot down, to take a resolute stand; to be
To put the best foot foremost, to make a good appearance;
to do one's best. [Colloq.]
To set on foot, to put in motion; to originate; as, to set
on foot a subscription.
To put one on his feet, or set one on his feet, to put
one in a position to go on; to assist to start.
(a) Under the feet; (Fig.) at one's mercy; as, to trample
under foot. --Gibbon.
(b) Below par. [Obs.] "They would be forced to sell . . .
far under foot." --Bacon.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Under \Un"der\ ([u^]n"d[~e]r), prep. [AS. under, prep. & adv.;
akin to OFries. under, OS. undar, D. onder, G. unter, OHG.
untar, Icel. undir, Sw. & Dan. under, Goth. undar, L. infra
below, inferior lower, Skr. adhas below. [root]201. Cf.
1. Below or lower, in place or position, with the idea of
being covered; lower than; beneath; -- opposed to over;
as, he stood under a tree; the carriage is under cover; a
cellar extends under the whole house.
Fruit put in bottles, and the bottles let down into
wells under water, will keep long. --Bacon.
Be gathered now, ye waters under heaven,
Into one place. --Milton.
2. Hence, in many figurative uses which may be classified as
(a) Denoting relation to some thing or person that is
superior, weighs upon, oppresses, bows down, governs,
directs, influences powerfully, or the like, in a
relation of subjection, subordination, obligation,
liability, or the like; as, to travel under a heavy
load; to live under extreme oppression; to have
fortitude under the evils of life; to have patience
under pain, or under misfortunes; to behave like a
Christian under reproaches and injuries; under the
pains and penalties of the law; the condition under
which one enters upon an office; under the necessity
of obeying the laws; under vows of chastity.
Both Jews and Gentiles . . . are all under sin.
--Rom. iii. 9.
That led the embattled seraphim to war
Under thy conduct. --Milton.
Who have their provand
Only for bearing burdens, and sore blows
For sinking under them. --Shak.
(b) Denoting relation to something that exceeds in rank or
degree, in number, size, weight, age, or the like; in
a relation of the less to the greater, of inferiority,
or of falling short.
Three sons he dying left under age. --Spenser.
Medicines take effect sometimes under, and
sometimes above, the natural proportion of their
There are several hundred parishes in England
under twenty pounds a year. --Swift.
It was too great an honor for any man under a
Note: Hence, it sometimes means at, with, or for, less than;
as, he would not sell the horse under sixty dollars.
Several young men could never leave the pulpit
under half a dozen conceits. --Swift.
(c) Denoting relation to something that comprehends or
includes, that represents or designates, that
furnishes a cover, pretext, pretense, or the like; as,
he betrayed him under the guise of friendship;
Morpheus is represented under the figure of a boy
A crew who, under names of old renown . . .
Fanatic Egypt. --Milton.
Mr. Duke may be mentioned under the double
capacity of a poet and a divine. --Felton.
Under this head may come in the several contests
and wars betwixt popes and the secular princes.
(d) Less specifically, denoting the relation of being
subject, of undergoing regard, treatment, or the like;
as, a bill under discussion.
Abject and lost, lay these, covering the flood,
Under amazement of their hideous change.
Under arms. (Mil.)
(a) Drawn up fully armed and equipped.
(b) Enrolled for military service; as, the state has a
million men under arms.
(a) (Naut.) Moved or propelled by sails; -- said of any
vessel with her sail set, but especially of a steamer
using her sails only, as distinguished from one under
steam. Under steam and canvas signifies that a vessel
is using both means of propulsion.
(b) (Mil.) Provided with, or sheltered in, tents.
Under fire, exposed to an enemy's fire; taking part in a
battle or general engagement.
Under foot. See under Foot, n.
Under ground, below the surface of the ground.
Under one's signature, with one's signature or name
subscribed; attested or confirmed by one's signature. Cf.
the second Note under Over, prep.
Under sail. (Naut.)
(a) With anchor up, and under the influence of sails;
moved by sails; in motion.
(b) With sails set, though the anchor is down.
(c) Same as Under canvas
(a), above. --Totten.
Under sentence, having had one's sentence pronounced.
Under the breath, Under one's breath, with low voice;
Under the lee (Naut.), to the leeward; as, under the lee of
Under the gun. Under psychological pressure, such as the
need to meet a pressing deadline; feeling pressured
Under water, below the surface of the water.
Under way, or Under weigh (Naut.), in a condition to make
progress; having started.