The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Correction \Cor*rec"tion\ (k?r-r?k"sh?n), n. [L. correctio: cf.
1. The act of correcting, or making that right which was
wrong; change for the better; amendment; rectification, as
of an erroneous statement.
The due correction of swearing, rioting, neglect of
God's word, and other scandalouss vices. --Strype.
2. The act of reproving or punishing, or that which is
intended to rectify or to cure faults; punishment;
Correction and instruction must both work
Ere this rude beast will profit. --Shak.
3. That which is substituted in the place of what is wrong;
an emendation; as, the corrections on a proof sheet should
be set in the margin.
4. Abatement of noxious qualities; the counteraction of what
is inconvenient or hurtful in its effects; as, the
correction of acidity in the stomach.
5. An allowance made for inaccuracy in an instrument; as,
chronometer correction; compass correction.
Correction line (Surv.), a parallel used as a new base line
in laying out township in the government lands of the
United States. The adoption at certain intervals of a
correction line is necessitated by the convergence of of
meridians, and the statute requirement that the townships
must be squares.
House of correction, a house where disorderly persons are
confined; a bridewell.
Under correction, subject to correction; admitting the
possibility of error.