The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Take \Take\, v. t. [imp. Took (t[oo^]k); p. p. Taken
(t[=a]k'n); p. pr. & vb. n. Taking.] [Icel. taka; akin to
Sw. taga, Dan. tage, Goth. t[=e]kan to touch; of uncertain
1. In an active sense; To lay hold of; to seize with the
hands, or otherwise; to grasp; to get into one's hold or
possession; to procure; to seize and carry away; to
convey. Hence, specifically:
(a) To obtain possession of by force or artifice; to get
the custody or control of; to reduce into subjection
to one's power or will; to capture; to seize; to make
prisoner; as, to take an army, a city, or a ship;
also, to come upon or befall; to fasten on; to attack;
to seize; -- said of a disease, misfortune, or the
This man was taken of the Jews. --Acts xxiii.
Men in their loose, unguarded hours they take;
Not that themselves are wise, but others weak.
They that come abroad after these showers are
commonly taken with sickness. --Bacon.
There he blasts the tree and takes the cattle
And makes milch kine yield blood. --Shak.
(b) To gain or secure the interest or affection of; to
captivate; to engage; to interest; to charm.
Neither let her take thee with her eyelids.
Cleombroutus was so taken with this prospect,
that he had no patience. --Wake.
I know not why, but there was a something in
those half-seen features, -- a charm in the very
shadow that hung over their imagined beauty, --
which took me more than all the outshining
loveliness of her companions. --Moore.
(c) To make selection of; to choose; also, to turn to; to
have recourse to; as, to take the road to the right.
Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my
son. And Jonathan was taken. --1 Sam. xiv.
The violence of storming is the course which God
is forced to take for the destroying . . . of
(d) To employ; to use; to occupy; hence, to demand; to
require; as, it takes so much cloth to make a coat; it
takes five hours to get to Boston from New York by
This man always takes time . . . before he
passes his judgments. --I. Watts.
(e) To form a likeness of; to copy; to delineate; to
picture; as, to take a picture of a person.
Beauty alone could beauty take so right.
(f) To draw; to deduce; to derive. [R.]
The firm belief of a future judgment is the most
forcible motive to a good life, because taken
from this consideration of the most lasting
happiness and misery. --Tillotson.
(g) To assume; to adopt; to acquire, as shape; to permit
to one's self; to indulge or engage in; to yield to;
to have or feel; to enjoy or experience, as rest,
revenge, delight, shame; to form and adopt, as a
resolution; -- used in general senses, limited by a
following complement, in many idiomatic phrases; as,
to take a resolution; I take the liberty to say.
(h) To lead; to conduct; as, to take a child to church.
(i) To carry; to convey; to deliver to another; to hand
over; as, he took the book to the bindery; he took a
dictionary with him.
He took me certain gold, I wot it well.
(k) To remove; to withdraw; to deduct; -- with from; as,
to take the breath from one; to take two from four.
2. In a somewhat passive sense, to receive; to bear; to
endure; to acknowledge; to accept. Specifically:
(a) To accept, as something offered; to receive; not to
refuse or reject; to admit.
Ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a
murderer. --Num. xxxv.
Let not a widow be taken into the number under
threescore. --1 Tim. v.
(b) To receive as something to be eaten or drunk; to
partake of; to swallow; as, to take food or wine.
(c) Not to refuse or balk at; to undertake readily; to
clear; as, to take a hedge or fence.
(d) To bear without ill humor or resentment; to submit to;
to tolerate; to endure; as, to take a joke; he will
take an affront from no man.
(e) To admit, as, something presented to the mind; not to
dispute; to allow; to accept; to receive in thought;
to entertain in opinion; to understand; to interpret;
to regard or look upon; to consider; to suppose; as,
to take a thing for granted; this I take to be man's
motive; to take men for spies.
You take me right. --Bacon.
Charity, taken in its largest extent, is nothing
else but the science love of God and our
[He] took that for virtue and affection which
was nothing but vice in a disguise. --South.
You'd doubt his sex, and take him for a girl.
(f) To accept the word or offer of; to receive and accept;
to bear; to submit to; to enter into agreement with;
-- used in general senses; as, to take a form or
I take thee at thy word. --Rowe.
Yet thy moist clay is pliant to command; . . .
Not take the mold. --Dryden.
3. To make a picture, photograph, or the like, of; as, to
take a group or a scene. [Colloq.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
4. To give or deliver (a blow to); to strike; hit; as, he
took me in the face; he took me a blow on the head. [Obs.
exc. Slang or Dial.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
To be taken aback, To take advantage of, To take air,
etc. See under Aback, Advantage, etc.
To take aim, to direct the eye or weapon; to aim.
To take along, to carry, lead, or convey.
To take arms, to commence war or hostilities.
To take away, to carry off; to remove; to cause deprivation
of; to do away with; as, a bill for taking away the votes
of bishops. "By your own law, I take your life away."
To take breath, to stop, as from labor, in order to breathe
or rest; to recruit or refresh one's self.
To take care, to exercise care or vigilance; to be
solicitous. "Doth God take care for oxen?" --1 Cor. ix. 9.
To take care of, to have the charge or care of; to care
for; to superintend or oversee.
To take down.
(a) To reduce; to bring down, as from a high, or higher,
place; as, to take down a book; hence, to bring lower;
to depress; to abase or humble; as, to take down
pride, or the proud. "I never attempted to be impudent
yet, that I was not taken down." --Goldsmith.
(b) To swallow; as, to take down a potion.
(c) To pull down; to pull to pieces; as, to take down a
house or a scaffold.
(d) To record; to write down; as, to take down a man's
words at the time he utters them.
To take effect, To take fire. See under Effect, and
To take ground to the right or To take ground to the left
(Mil.), to extend the line to the right or left; to move,
as troops, to the right or left.
To take heart, to gain confidence or courage; to be
To take heed, to be careful or cautious. "Take heed what
doom against yourself you give." --Dryden.
To take heed to, to attend with care, as, take heed to thy
To take hold of, to seize; to fix on.
To take horse, to mount and ride a horse.
To take in.
(a) To inclose; to fence.
(b) To encompass or embrace; to comprise; to comprehend.
(c) To draw into a smaller compass; to contract; to brail
or furl; as, to take in sail.
(d) To cheat; to circumvent; to gull; to deceive.
(e) To admit; to receive; as, a leaky vessel will take in
(f) To win by conquest. [Obs.]
For now Troy's broad-wayed town
He shall take in. --Chapman.
(g) To receive into the mind or understanding. "Some
bright genius can take in a long train of
propositions." --I. Watts.
(h) To receive regularly, as a periodical work or
newspaper; to take. [Eng.]
To take in hand. See under Hand.
To take in vain, to employ or utter as in an oath. "Thou
shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain."
--Ex. xx. 7.
To take issue. See under Issue.
To take leave. See Leave, n., 2.
To take a newspaper, magazine, or the like, to receive it
regularly, as on paying the price of subscription.
To take notice, to observe, or to observe with particular
To take notice of. See under Notice.
To take oath, to swear with solemnity, or in a judicial
To take on, to assume; to take upon one's self; as, to take
on a character or responsibility.
To take one's own course, to act one's pleasure; to pursue
the measures of one's own choice.
To take order for. See under Order.
To take order with, to check; to hinder; to repress. [Obs.]
To take orders.
(a) To receive directions or commands.
(b) (Eccl.) To enter some grade of the ministry. See
Order, n., 10.
To take out.
(a) To remove from within a place; to separate; to deduct.
(b) To draw out; to remove; to clear or cleanse from; as,
to take out a stain or spot from cloth.
(c) To produce for one's self; as, to take out a patent.
To take up.
(a) To lift; to raise. --Hood.
(b) To buy or borrow; as, to take up goods to a large
amount; to take up money at the bank.
(c) To begin; as, to take up a lamentation. --Ezek. xix.
(d) To gather together; to bind up; to fasten or to
replace; as, to take up raveled stitches; specifically
(Surg.), to fasten with a ligature.
(e) To engross; to employ; to occupy or fill; as, to take
up the time; to take up a great deal of room.
(f) To take permanently. "Arnobius asserts that men of the
finest parts . . . took up their rest in the Christian
(g) To seize; to catch; to arrest; as, to take up a thief;
to take up vagabonds.
(h) To admit; to believe; to receive. [Obs.]
The ancients took up experiments upon credit.
(i) To answer by reproof; to reprimand; to berate.
One of his relations took him up roundly.
(k) To begin where another left off; to keep up in
continuous succession; to take up (a topic, an
Soon as the evening shades prevail,
The moon takes up the wondrous tale. --Addison.
(l) To assume; to adopt as one's own; to carry on or
manage; as, to take up the quarrels of our neighbors;
to take up current opinions. "They take up our old
trade of conquering." --Dryden.
(m) To comprise; to include. "The noble poem of Palemon
and Arcite . . . takes up seven years." --Dryden.
(n) To receive, accept, or adopt for the purpose of
assisting; to espouse the cause of; to favor. --Ps.
(o) To collect; to exact, as a tax; to levy; as, to take
up a contribution. "Take up commodities upon our
(p) To pay and receive; as, to take up a note at the bank.
(q) (Mach.) To remove, as by an adjustment of parts; as,
to take up lost motion, as in a bearing; also, to make
tight, as by winding, or drawing; as, to take up slack
thread in sewing.
(r) To make up; to compose; to settle; as, to take up a
quarrel. [Obs.] --Shak. -- (s) To accept from someone,
as a wager or a challenge; as, J. took M. up on his
To take up arms. Same as To take arms, above.
To take upon one's self.
(a) To assume; to undertake; as, he takes upon himself to
assert that the fact is capable of proof.
(b) To appropriate to one's self; to allow to be imputed
to, or inflicted upon, one's self; as, to take upon
one's self a punishment.
To take up the gauntlet. See under Gauntlet.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Air \Air\ ([^a]r), n. [OE. air, eir, F. air, L. a["e]r, fr. Gr.
'ah`r, air, mist, for 'a[digamma]hr, fr. root 'a[digamma] to
blow, breathe, probably akin to E. wind. In sense 10 the
French has taking a meaning fr. It. aria atmosphere, air, fr.
the same Latin word; and in senses 11, 12, 13 the French
meaning is either fr. L. aria, or due to confusion with F.
aire, in an older sense of origin, descent. Cf. A["e]ry,
Debonair, Malaria, Wind.]
1. The fluid which we breathe, and which surrounds the earth;
the atmosphere. It is invisible, inodorous, insipid,
transparent, compressible, elastic, and ponderable.
Note: By the ancient philosophers, air was regarded as an
element; but modern science has shown that it is
essentially a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen, with a
small amount of carbon dioxide, the average proportions
being, by volume: oxygen, 20.96 per cent.; nitrogen,
79.00 per cent.; carbon dioxide, 0.04 per cent. These
proportions are subject to a very slight variability.
Air also always contains some vapor of water.
2. Symbolically: Something unsubstantial, light, or volatile.
"Charm ache with air." --Shak.
He was still all air and fire. [Air and fire being
the finer and quicker elements as opposed to earth and
3. A particular state of the atmosphere, as respects heat,
cold, moisture, etc., or as affecting the sensations; as,
a smoky air, a damp air, the morning air, etc.
4. Any a["e]riform body; a gas; as, oxygen was formerly
called vital air. [Obs.]
5. Air in motion; a light breeze; a gentle wind.
Let vernal airs through trembling osiers play.
6. Odoriferous or contaminated air.
7. That which surrounds and influences.
The keen, the wholesome air of poverty.
8. Utterance abroad; publicity; vent.
You gave it air before me. --Dryden.
9. Intelligence; information. [Obs.] --Bacon.
(a) A musical idea, or motive, rhythmically developed in
consecutive single tones, so as to form a symmetrical
and balanced whole, which may be sung by a single
voice to the stanzas of a hymn or song, or even to
plain prose, or played upon an instrument; a melody;
a tune; an aria.
(b) In harmonized chorals, psalmody, part songs, etc.,
the part which bears the tune or melody -- in modern
harmony usually the upper part -- is sometimes called
11. The peculiar look, appearance, and bearing of a person;
mien; demeanor; as, the air of a youth; a heavy air; a
lofty air. "His very air." --Shak.
12. Peculiar appearance; apparent character; semblance;
It was communicated with the air of a secret.
12. pl. An artificial or affected manner; show of pride or
vanity; haughtiness; as, it is said of a person, he puts
on airs. --Thackeray.
(a) The representation or reproduction of the effect of
the atmospheric medium through which every object in
nature is viewed. --New Am. Cyc.
(b) Carriage; attitude; action; movement; as, the head of
that portrait has a good air. --Fairholt.
15. (Man.) The artificial motion or carriage of a horse.
Note: Air is much used adjectively or as the first part of a
compound term. In most cases it might be written
indifferently, as a separate limiting word, or as the
first element of the compound term, with or without the
hyphen; as, air bladder, air-bladder, or airbladder;
air cell, air-cell, or aircell; air-pump, or airpump.
Air balloon. See Balloon.
(a) An apparatus for the application of air to the body.
(b) An arrangement for drying substances in air of any
Air castle. See Castle in the air, under Castle.
Air compressor, a machine for compressing air to be used as
a motive power.
Air crossing, a passage for air in a mine.
Air cushion, an air-tight cushion which can be inflated;
also, a device for arresting motion without shock by
Air fountain, a contrivance for producing a jet of water by
the force of compressed air.
Air furnace, a furnace which depends on a natural draft and
not on blast.
Air line, a straight line; a bee line. Hence
Air-line, adj.; as, air-line road.
Air lock (Hydr. Engin.), an intermediate chamber between
the outer air and the compressed-air chamber of a
pneumatic caisson. --Knight.
Air port (Nav.), a scuttle or porthole in a ship to admit
Air spring, a spring in which the elasticity of air is
Air thermometer, a form of thermometer in which the
contraction and expansion of air is made to measure
changes of temperature.
Air threads, gossamer.
Air trap, a contrivance for shutting off foul air or gas
from drains, sewers, etc.; a stench trap.
Air trunk, a pipe or shaft for conducting foul or heated
air from a room.
Air valve, a valve to regulate the admission or egress of
air; esp. a valve which opens inwardly in a steam boiler
and allows air to enter.
Air way, a passage for a current of air; as the air way of
an air pump; an air way in a mine.
In the air.
(a) Prevalent without traceable origin or authority, as
(b) Not in a fixed or stable position; unsettled.
(c) (Mil.) Unsupported and liable to be turned or taken
in flank; as, the army had its wing in the air.
on the air, currently transmitting; live; -- used of radio
and television broadcasts, to indicate that the images and
sounds being picked up by cameras and microphones are
being broadcast at the present moment.
Note: In call-in programs where individuals outside a radio
or television studio have telephoned into the station,
when their voice is being directly broadcast, the host
of the program commonly states "You're on the air." as
a warning that the conversation is not private.
To take air, to be divulged; to be made public.
To take the air, to go abroad; to walk or ride out.