The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Strike \Strike\, v. t. [imp. Struck; p. p. Struck,
Stricken(Stroock, Strucken, Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n.
Striking. Struck is more commonly used in the p. p. than
stricken.] [OE. striken to strike, proceed, flow, AS.
str[imac]can to go, proceed, akin to D. strijken to rub,
stroke, strike, to move, go, G. streichen, OHG.
str[imac]hhan, L. stringere to touch lightly, to graze, to
strip off (but perhaps not to L. stringere in sense to draw
tight), striga a row, a furrow. Cf. Streak, Stroke.]
1. To touch or hit with some force, either with the hand or
with an instrument; to smite; to give a blow to, either
with the hand or with any instrument or missile.
He at Philippi kept
His sword e'en like a dancer; while I struck
The lean and wrinkled Cassius. --Shak.
2. To come in collision with; to strike against; as, a bullet
struck him; the wave struck the boat amidships; the ship
struck a reef.
3. To give, as a blow; to impel, as with a blow; to give a
force to; to dash; to cast.
They shall take of the blood, and strike it on the
two sideposts. --Ex. xii. 7.
Who would be free, themselves must strike the blow.
4. To stamp or impress with a stroke; to coin; as, to strike
coin from metal: to strike dollars at the mint.
5. To thrust in; to cause to enter or penetrate; to set in
the earth; as, a tree strikes its roots deep.
6. To punish; to afflict; to smite.
To punish the just is not good, nor strike princes
for equity. --Prov. xvii.
7. To cause to sound by one or more beats; to indicate or
notify by audible strokes; as, the clock strikes twelve;
the drums strike up a march.
8. To lower; to let or take down; to remove; as, to strike
sail; to strike a flag or an ensign, as in token of
surrender; to strike a yard or a topmast in a gale; to
strike a tent; to strike the centering of an arch.
9. To make a sudden impression upon, as by a blow; to affect
sensibly with some strong emotion; as, to strike the mind,
with surprise; to strike one with wonder, alarm, dread, or
Nice works of art strike and surprise us most on the
first view. --Atterbury.
They please as beauties, here as wonders strike.
10. To affect in some particular manner by a sudden
impression or impulse; as, the plan proposed strikes me
favorably; to strike one dead or blind.
How often has stricken you dumb with his irony!
11. To cause or produce by a stroke, or suddenly, as by a
stroke; as, to strike a light.
Waving wide her myrtle wand,
She strikes a universal peace through sea and land.
12. To cause to ignite; as, to strike a match.
13. To make and ratify; as, to strike a bargain.
Note: Probably borrowed from the L. foedus ferrire, to strike
a compact, so called because an animal was struck and
killed as a sacrifice on such occasions.
14. To take forcibly or fraudulently; as, to strike money.
15. To level, as a measure of grain, salt, or the like, by
scraping off with a straight instrument what is above the
level of the top.
16. (Masonry) To cut off, as a mortar joint, even with the
face of the wall, or inward at a slight angle.
17. To hit upon, or light upon, suddenly; as, my eye struck a
strange word; they soon struck the trail.
18. To borrow money of; to make a demand upon; as, he struck
a friend for five dollars. [Slang]
19. To lade into a cooler, as a liquor. --B. Edwards.
20. To stroke or pass lightly; to wave.
Behold, I thought, He will . . . strike his hand
over the place, and recover the leper. --2 Kings v.
21. To advance; to cause to go forward; -- used only in past
participle. "Well struck in years." --Shak.
To strike an attitude, To strike a balance. See under
Attitude, and Balance.
To strike a jury (Law), to constitute a special jury
ordered by a court, by each party striking out a certain
number of names from a prepared list of jurors, so as to
reduce it to the number of persons required by law.
To strike a lead.
(a) (Mining) To find a vein of ore.
(b) Fig.: To find a way to fortune. [Colloq.]
To strike a ledger or To strike an account, to balance
To strike hands with.
(a) To shake hands with. --Halliwell.
(b) To make a compact or agreement with; to agree with.
To strike off.
(a) To erase from an account; to deduct; as, to strike
off the interest of a debt.
(b) (Print.) To impress; to print; as, to strike off a
thousand copies of a book.
(c) To separate by a blow or any sudden action; as, to
strike off what is superfluous or corrupt.
To strike oil, to find petroleum when boring for it;
figuratively, to make a lucky hit financially. [Slang,
To strike one luck, to shake hands with one and wish good
luck. [Obs.] --Beau. & Fl.
To strike out.
(a) To produce by collision; to force out, as, to strike
out sparks with steel.
(b) To blot out; to efface; to erase. "To methodize is as
necessary as to strike out." --Pope.
(c) To form by a quick effort; to devise; to invent; to
contrive, as, to strike out a new plan of finance.
(d) (Baseball) To cause a player to strike out; -- said
of the pitcher. See To strike out, under Strike,
To strike sail. See under Sail.
To strike up.
(a) To cause to sound; to begin to beat. "Strike up the
(b) To begin to sing or play; as, to strike up a tune.
(c) To raise (as sheet metal), in making diahes, pans,
etc., by blows or pressure in a die.
To strike work, to quit work; to go on a strike.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Strike \Strike\, v. i.
To move; to advance; to proceed; to take a course; as, to
strike into the fields.
A mouse . . . struck forth sternly [bodily]. --Piers
2. To deliver a quick blow or thrust; to give blows.
And fiercely took his trenchant blade in hand,
With which he stroke so furious and so fell.
Strike now, or else the iron cools. --Shak.
3. To hit; to collide; to dush; to clash; as, a hammer
strikes against the bell of a clock.
4. To sound by percussion, with blows, or as with blows; to
be struck; as, the clock strikes.
A deep sound strikes like a rising knell. --Byron.
5. To make an attack; to aim a blow.
A puny subject strikes
At thy great glory. --Shak.
Struck for throne, and striking found his doom.
6. To touch; to act by appulse.
Hinder light but from striking on it [porphyry], and
its colors vanish. --Locke.
7. To run upon a rock or bank; to be stranded; as, the ship
struck in the night.
8. To pass with a quick or strong effect; to dart; to
Till a dart strike through his liver. --Prov. vii.
Now and then a glittering beam of wit or passion
strikes through the obscurity of the poem. --Dryden.
9. To break forth; to commence suddenly; -- with into; as, to
strike into reputation; to strike into a run.
10. To lower a flag, or colors, in token of respect, or to
signify a surrender of a ship to an enemy.
That the English ships of war should not strike in
the Danish seas. --Bp. Burnet.
11. To quit work in order to compel an increase, or prevent a
reduction, of wages.
12. To become attached to something; -- said of the spat of
13. To steal money. [Old Slang, Eng.] --Nares.
To strike at, to aim a blow at.
To strike for, to start suddenly on a course for.
To strike home, to give a blow which reaches its object, to
strike with effect.
To strike in.
(a) To enter suddenly.
(b) To disappear from the surface, with internal effects,
as an eruptive disease.
(c) To come in suddenly; to interpose; to interrupt. "I
proposed the embassy of Constantinople for Mr.
Henshaw, but my Lord Winchelsea struck in." --Evelyn.
(d) To join in after another has begun,as in singing.
To strike in with, to conform to; to suit itself to; to
side with, to join with at once. "To assert this is to
strike in with the known enemies of God's grace." --South.
To strike out.
(a) To start; to wander; to make a sudden excursion; as,
to strike out into an irregular course of life.
(b) To strike with full force.
(c) (Baseball) To be put out for not hitting the ball
during one's turn at the bat.
To strike up, to commence to play as a musician; to begin
to sound, as an instrument. "Whilst any trump did sound,
or drum struck up." --Shak.