The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Sit \Sit\, v. i. [imp. Sat(Sate, archaic); p. p. Sat
(Sitten, obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. Sitting.] [OE. sitten,
AS. sittan; akin to OS. sittian, OFries. sitta, D. zitten, G.
sitzen, OHG. sizzen, Icel. sitja, SW. sitta, Dan. sidde,
Goth. sitan, Russ. sidiete, L. sedere, Gr. ???, Skr. sad.
[root]154. Cf. Assess,Assize, Cathedral, Chair,
Dissident, Excise, Insidious, Possess, Reside,
Sanhedrim, Seance, Seat, n., Sedate, 4th Sell,
Siege, Session, Set, v. t., Sizar, Size,
1. To rest upon the haunches, or the lower extremity of the
trunk of the body; -- said of human beings, and sometimes
of other animals; as, to sit on a sofa, on a chair, or on
And he came and took the book put of the right hand
of him that sate upon the seat. --Bible (1551)
(Rev. v. 7.)
I pray you, jest, sir, as you sit at dinner. --Shak.
2. To perch; to rest with the feet drawn up, as birds do on a
branch, pole, etc.
3. To remain in a state of repose; to rest; to abide; to rest
in any position or condition.
And Moses said to . . . the children of Reuben,
Shall your brothren go to war, and shall ye sit
here? --Num. xxxii.
Like a demigod here sit I in the sky. --Shak.
4. To lie, rest, or bear; to press or weigh; -- with on; as,
a weight or burden sits lightly upon him.
The calamity sits heavy on us. --Jer. Taylor.
5. To be adjusted; to fit; as, a coat sits well or ill.
This new and gorgeous garment, majesty,
Sits not so easy on me as you think. --Shak.
6. To suit one well or ill, as an act; to become; to befit;
-- used impersonally. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
7. To cover and warm eggs for hatching, as a fowl; to brood;
As the partridge sitteth on eggs, and hatcheth them
not. --Jer. xvii.
8. To have position, as at the point blown from; to hold a
relative position; to have direction.
Like a good miller that knows how to grind, which
way soever the wind sits. --Selden.
Sits the wind in that quarter? --Sir W.
9. To occupy a place or seat as a member of an official body;
as, to sit in Congress.
10. To hold a session; to be in session for official
business; -- said of legislative assemblies, courts,
etc.; as, the court sits in January; the aldermen sit
11. To take a position for the purpose of having some
artistic representation of one's self made, as a picture
or a bust; as, to sit to a painter.
To sit at, to rest under; to be subject to. [Obs.] "A
farmer can not husband his ground so well if he sit at a
great rent". --Bacon.
To sit at meat or To sit at table, to be at table for
To sit down.
(a) To place one's self on a chair or other seat; as, to
sit down when tired.
(b) To begin a siege; as, the enemy sat down before the
(c) To settle; to fix a permanent abode. --Spenser.
(d) To rest; to cease as satisfied. "Here we can not sit
down, but still proceed in our search." --Rogers.
To sit for a fellowship, to offer one's self for
examination with a view to obtaining a fellowship. [Eng.
To sit out.
(a) To be without engagement or employment. [Obs.] --Bp.
(b) To outstay.
(c) To elect not to participate in, as a dance or a hand
To sit under, to be under the instruction or ministrations
of; as, to sit under a preacher; to sit under good
To sit up, to rise from, or refrain from, a recumbent
posture or from sleep; to sit with the body upright; as,
to sit up late at night; also, to watch; as, to sit up
with a sick person. "He that was dead sat up, and began to
speak." --Luke vii. 15.