The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Set \Set\ (s[e^]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Set; p. pr. & vb. n.
Setting.] [OE. setten, AS. setton; akin to OS. settian,
OFries. setta, D. zetten, OHG. sezzen, G. setzen, Icel.
setja, Sw. s[aum]tta, Dan. s?tte, Goth. satjan; causative
from the root of E. sit. [root]154. See Sit, and cf.
1. To cause to sit; to make to assume a specified position or
attitude; to give site or place to; to place; to put; to
fix; as, to set a house on a stone foundation; to set a
book on a shelf; to set a dish on a table; to set a chest
or trunk on its bottom or on end.
I do set my bow in the cloud. --Gen. ix. 13.
2. Hence, to attach or affix (something) to something else,
or in or upon a certain place.
Set your affection on things above. --Col. iii. 2.
The Lord set a mark upon Cain. --Gen. iv. 15.
3. To make to assume specified place, condition, or
occupation; to put in a certain condition or state
(described by the accompanying words); to cause to be.
The Lord thy God will set thee on high. --Deut.
I am come to set a man at variance against his
father, and the daughter against her mother. --Matt.
Every incident sets him thinking. --Coleridge.
4. To fix firmly; to make fast, permanent, or stable; to
render motionless; to give an unchanging place, form, or
condition to. Specifically:
(a) To cause to stop or stick; to obstruct; to fasten to a
spot; hence, to occasion difficulty to; to embarrass;
as, to set a coach in the mud.
They show how hard they are set in this
(b) To fix beforehand; to determine; hence, to make
unyielding or obstinate; to render stiff, unpliant, or
rigid; as, to set one's countenance.
His eyes were set by reason of his age. --1
Kings xiv. 4.
On these three objects his heart was set.
Make my heart as a millstone, set my face as a
(c) To fix in the ground, as a post or a tree; to plant;
as, to set pear trees in an orchard.
(d) To fix, as a precious stone, in a border of metal; to
place in a setting; hence, to place in or amid
something which serves as a setting; as, to set glass
in a sash.
And him too rich a jewel to be set
In vulgar metal for a vulgar use. --Dryden.
(e) To render stiff or solid; especially, to convert into
curd; to curdle; as, to set milk for cheese.
5. To put into a desired position or condition; to adjust; to
regulate; to adapt. Specifically:
(a) To put in order in a particular manner; to prepare;
as, to set (that is, to hone) a razor; to set a saw.
Tables for to sette, and beddes make. --Chaucer.
(b) To extend and bring into position; to spread; as, to
set the sails of a ship.
(c) To give a pitch to, as a tune; to start by fixing the
keynote; as, to set a psalm. --Fielding.
(d) To reduce from a dislocated or fractured state; to
replace; as, to set a broken bone.
(e) To make to agree with some standard; as, to set a
watch or a clock.
(f) (Masonry) To lower into place and fix solidly, as the
blocks of cut stone in a structure.
6. To stake at play; to wager; to risk.
I have set my life upon a cast,
And I will stand the hazard of the die. --Shak.
7. To fit with music; to adapt, as words to notes; to prepare
Set thy own songs, and sing them to thy lute.
8. To determine; to appoint; to assign; to fix; as, to set a
time for a meeting; to set a price on a horse.
9. To adorn with something infixed or affixed; to stud; to
variegate with objects placed here and there.
High on their heads, with jewels richly set,
Each lady wore a radiant coronet. --Dryden.
Pastoral dales thin set with modern farms.
10. To value; to rate; -- with at.
Be you contented, wearing now the garland,
To have a son set your decrees at naught. --Shak.
I do not set my life at a pin's fee. --Shak.
11. To point out the seat or position of, as birds, or other
game; -- said of hunting dogs.
12. To establish as a rule; to furnish; to prescribe; to
assign; as, to set an example; to set lessons to be
13. To suit; to become; as, it sets him ill. [Scot.]
14. (Print.) To compose; to arrange in words, lines, etc.;
as, to set type; to set a page.
To set abroach. See Abroach. [Obs.] --Shak.
To set against, to oppose; to set in comparison with, or to
oppose to, as an equivalent in exchange; as, to set one
thing against another.
To set agoing, to cause to move.
To set apart, to separate to a particular use; to separate
from the rest; to reserve.
To set a saw, to bend each tooth a little, every alternate
one being bent to one side, and the intermediate ones to
the other side, so that the opening made by the saw may be
a little wider than the thickness of the back, to prevent
the saw from sticking.
To set aside.
(a) To leave out of account; to pass by; to omit; to
neglect; to reject; to annul.
Setting aside all other considerations, I will
endeavor to know the truth, and yield to that.
(b) To set apart; to reserve; as, to set aside part of
(c) (Law) See under Aside.
To set at defiance, to defy.
To set at ease, to quiet; to tranquilize; as, to set the
heart at ease.
To set at naught, to undervalue; to contemn; to despise.
"Ye have set at naught all my counsel." --Prov. i. 25.
To set a trap To set a snare, or To set a gin, to put
it in a proper condition or position to catch prey; hence,
to lay a plan to deceive and draw another into one's
To set at work, or To set to work.
(a) To cause to enter on work or action, or to direct how
tu enter on work.
(b) To apply one's self; -- used reflexively.
To set before.
(a) To bring out to view before; to exhibit.
(b) To propose for choice to; to offer to.
To set by.
(a) To set apart or on one side; to reject.
(b) To attach the value of (anything) to. "I set not a
straw by thy dreamings." --Chaucer.
To set by the compass, to observe and note the bearing or
situation of by the compass.
To set case, to suppose; to assume. Cf. Put case, under
Put, v. t. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
To set down.
(a) To enter in writing; to register.
Some rules were to be set down for the
government of the army. --Clarendon.
(b) To fix; to establish; to ordain.
This law we may name eternal, being that order
which God . . . hath set down with himself, for
himself to do all things by. --Hooker.
(c) To humiliate.
To set eyes on, to see; to behold; to fasten the eyes on.
To set fire to, or To set on fire, to communicate fire
to; fig., to inflame; to enkindle the passions of; to
To set flying (Naut.), to hook to halyards, sheets, etc.,
instead of extending with rings or the like on a stay; --
said of a sail.
To set forth.
(a) To manifest; to offer or present to view; to exhibt;
(b) To publish; to promulgate; to make appear. --Waller.
(c) To send out; to prepare and send. [Obs.]
The Venetian admiral had a fleet of sixty
galleys, set forth by the Venetians. --Knolles.
To set forward.
(a) To cause to advance.
(b) To promote.
To set free, to release from confinement, imprisonment, or
bondage; to liberate; to emancipate.
To set in, to put in the way; to begin; to give a start to.
If you please to assist and set me in, I will
recollect myself. --Collier.
To set in order, to adjust or arrange; to reduce to method.
"The rest will I set in order when I come." --1 Cor. xi.
To set milk.
(a) To expose it in open dishes in order that the cream
may rise to the surface.
(b) To cause it to become curdled as by the action of
rennet. See 4
To set much by or To set little by, to care much, or
To set of, to value; to set by. [Obs.] "I set not an haw of
his proverbs." --Chaucer.
To set off.
(a) To separate from a whole; to assign to a particular
purpose; to portion off; as, to set off a portion of
(b) To adorn; to decorate; to embellish.
They . . . set off the worst faces with the
best airs. --Addison.
(c) To give a flattering description of.
To set off against, to place against as an equivalent; as,
to set off one man's services against another's.
To set on or To set upon.
(a) To incite; to instigate. "Thou, traitor, hast set on
thy wife to this." --Shak.
(b) To employ, as in a task. " Set on thy wife to
(c) To fix upon; to attach strongly to; as, to set one's
heart or affections on some object. See definition 2,
To set one's cap for. See under Cap, n.
To set one's self against, to place one's self in a state
of enmity or opposition to.
To set one's teeth, to press them together tightly.
To set on foot, to set going; to put in motion; to start.
To set out.
(a) To assign; to allot; to mark off; to limit; as, to
set out the share of each proprietor or heir of an
estate; to set out the widow's thirds.
(b) To publish, as a proclamation. [Obs.]
(c) To adorn; to embellish.
An ugly woman, in rich habit set out with
jewels, nothing can become. --Dryden.
(d) To raise, equip, and send forth; to furnish. [R.]
The Venetians pretend they could set out, in
case of great necessity, thirty men-of-war.
(e) To show; to display; to recommend; to set off.
I could set out that best side of Luther.
(f) To show; to prove. [R.] "Those very reasons set out
how heinous his sin was." --Atterbury.
(g) (Law) To recite; to state at large.
To set over.
(a) To appoint or constitute as supervisor, inspector,
ruler, or commander.
(b) To assign; to transfer; to convey.
To set right, to correct; to put in order.
To set sail. (Naut.) See under Sail, n.
To set store by, to consider valuable.
To set the fashion, to determine what shall be the fashion;
to establish the mode.
To set the teeth on edge, to affect the teeth with a
disagreeable sensation, as when acids are brought in
contact with them.
To set the watch (Naut.), to place the starboard or port
watch on duty.
To set to, to attach to; to affix to. "He . . . hath set to
his seal that God is true." --John iii. 33.
To set up. (a) To erect; to raise; to elevate; as, to set
up a building, or a machine; to set up a post, a wall, a
(b) Hence, to exalt; to put in power. "I will . . . set
up the throne of David over Israel." --2 Sam. iii.
(c) To begin, as a new institution; to institute; to
establish; to found; as, to set up a manufactory; to
set up a school.
(d) To enable to commence a new business; as, to set up a
son in trade.
(e) To place in view; as, to set up a mark.
(f) To raise; to utter loudly; as, to set up the voice.
I'll set up such a note as she shall hear.
(g) To advance; to propose as truth or for reception; as,
to set up a new opinion or doctrine. --T. Burnet.
(h) To raise from depression, or to a sufficient fortune;
as, this good fortune quite set him up.
(i) To intoxicate. [Slang]
(j) (Print.) To put in type; as, to set up copy; to
arrange in words, lines, etc., ready for printing;
as, to set up type.
To set up the rigging (Naut.), to make it taut by means of
tackles. --R. H. Dana, Jr.
Syn: See Put.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Fire \Fire\ (f[imac]r), n. [OE. fir, fyr, fur AS. f[=y]r; akin
to D. vuur, OS. & OHG. fiur, G. feuer, Icel. f[=y]ri,
f[=u]rr, Gr. py^r, and perh. to L. purus pure, E. pure Cf.
1. The evolution of light and heat in the combustion of
bodies; combustion; state of ignition.
Note: The form of fire exhibited in the combustion of gases
in an ascending stream or current is called flame.
Anciently, fire, air, earth, and water were regarded as
the four elements of which all things are composed.
2. Fuel in a state of combustion, as on a hearth, or in a
stove or a furnace.
3. The burning of a house or town; a conflagration.
4. Anything which destroys or affects like fire.
5. Ardor of passion, whether love or hate; excessive warmth;
consuming violence of temper.
he had fire in his temper. --Atterbury.
6. Liveliness of imagination or fancy; intellectual and moral
enthusiasm; capacity for ardor and zeal.
And bless their critic with a poet's fire. --Pope.
7. Splendor; brilliancy; luster; hence, a star.
Stars, hide your fires. --Shak.
As in a zodiac
representing the heavenly fires. --Milton.
8. Torture by burning; severe trial or affliction.
9. The discharge of firearms; firing; as, the troops were
exposed to a heavy fire.
Blue fire, Red fire, Green fire (Pyrotech.),
compositions of various combustible substances, as
sulphur, niter, lampblack, etc., the flames of which are
colored by various metallic salts, as those of antimony,
strontium, barium, etc.
(a) A signal given on the breaking out of a fire.
(b) An apparatus for giving such an alarm.
Fire annihilator, a machine, device, or preparation to be
kept at hand for extinguishing fire by smothering it with
some incombustible vapor or gas, as carbonic acid.
(a) A balloon raised in the air by the buoyancy of air
heated by a fire placed in the lower part.
(b) A balloon sent up at night with fireworks which ignite
at a regulated height. --Simmonds.
Fire bar, a grate bar.
Fire basket, a portable grate; a cresset. --Knight.
Fire beetle. (Zool.) See in the Vocabulary.
Fire blast, a disease of plants which causes them to appear
as if burnt by fire.
Fire box, the chamber of a furnace, steam boiler, etc., for
Fire brick, a refractory brick, capable of sustaining
intense heat without fusion, usually made of fire clay or
of siliceous material, with some cementing substance, and
used for lining fire boxes, etc.
Fire brigade, an organized body of men for extinguished
Fire bucket. See under Bucket.
Fire bug, an incendiary; one who, from malice or through
mania, persistently sets fire to property; a pyromaniac.
Fire clay. See under Clay.
Fire company, a company of men managing an engine in
Fire cross. See Fiery cross. [Obs.] --Milton.
Fire damp. See under Damp.
Fire dog. See Firedog, in the Vocabulary.
(a) A series of evolutions performed by fireman for
(b) An apparatus for producing fire by friction, by
rapidly twirling a wooden pin in a wooden socket; --
used by the Hindoos during all historic time, and by
many savage peoples.
(a) A juggler who pretends to eat fire.
(b) A quarrelsome person who seeks affrays; a hotspur.
Fire engine, a portable forcing pump, usually on wheels,
for throwing water to extinguish fire.
Fire escape, a contrivance for facilitating escape from
Fire gilding (Fine Arts), a mode of gilding with an amalgam
of gold and quicksilver, the latter metal being driven off
afterward by heat.
Fire gilt (Fine Arts), gold laid on by the process of fire
Fire insurance, the act or system of insuring against fire;
also, a contract by which an insurance company undertakes,
in consideration of the payment of a premium or small
percentage -- usually made periodically -- to indemnify an
owner of property from loss by fire during a specified
Fire irons, utensils for a fireplace or grate, as tongs,
poker, and shovel.
Fire main, a pipe for water, to be used in putting out
(Mil), an artillery officer who formerly supervised the
composition of fireworks.
Fire office, an office at which to effect insurance against
Fire opal, a variety of opal giving firelike reflections.
Fire ordeal, an ancient mode of trial, in which the test
was the ability of the accused to handle or tread upon
red-hot irons. --Abbot.
Fire pan, a pan for holding or conveying fire, especially
the receptacle for the priming of a gun.
Fire plug, a plug or hydrant for drawing water from the
main pipes in a street, building, etc., for extinguishing
Fire policy, the writing or instrument expressing the
contract of insurance against loss by fire.
(a) (Mil.) A small earthen pot filled with combustibles,
formerly used as a missile in war.
(b) The cast iron vessel which holds the fuel or fire in a
(c) A crucible.
(d) A solderer's furnace.
Fire raft, a raft laden with combustibles, used for setting
fire to an enemy's ships.
Fire roll, a peculiar beat of the drum to summon men to
their quarters in case of fire.
Fire setting (Mining), the process of softening or cracking
the working face of a lode, to facilitate excavation, by
exposing it to the action of fire; -- now generally
superseded by the use of explosives. --Raymond.
Fire ship, a vessel filled with combustibles, for setting
fire to an enemy's ships.
Fire shovel, a shovel for taking up coals of fire.
Fire stink, the stench from decomposing iron pyrites,
caused by the formation of hydrogen sulfide. --Raymond.
Fire surface, the surfaces of a steam boiler which are
exposed to the direct heat of the fuel and the products of
combustion; heating surface.
Fire swab, a swab saturated with water, for cooling a gun
in action and clearing away particles of powder, etc.
Fire teaser, in England, the fireman of a steam emgine.
Fire water, a strong alcoholic beverage; -- so called by
the American Indians.
Fire worship, the worship of fire, which prevails chiefly
in Persia, among the followers of Zoroaster, called
Chebers, or Guebers, and among the Parsees of India.
Greek fire. See under Greek.
On fire, burning; hence, ardent; passionate; eager;
Running fire, the rapid discharge of firearms in succession
by a line of troops.
St. Anthony's fire, erysipelas; -- an eruptive fever which
St. Anthony was supposed to cure miraculously. --Hoblyn.
St. Elmo's fire. See under Saint Elmo.
To set on fire, to inflame; to kindle.
To take fire, to begin to burn; to fly into a passion.