The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Run \Run\, v. t.
1. To cause to run (in the various senses of Run, v. i.);
as, to run a horse; to run a stage; to run a machine; to
run a rope through a block.
2. To pursue in thought; to carry in contemplation.
To run the world back to its first original.
I would gladly understand the formation of a soul,
and run it up to its "punctum saliens." --Collier.
3. To cause to enter; to thrust; as, to run a sword into or
through the body; to run a nail into the foot.
You run your head into the lion's mouth. --Sir W.
Having run his fingers through his hair. --Dickens.
4. To drive or force; to cause, or permit, to be driven.
They ran the ship aground. --Acts xxvii.
A talkative person runs himself upon great
inconveniences by blabbing out his own or other's
Others, accustomed to retired speculations, run
natural philosophy into metaphysical notions.
5. To fuse; to shape; to mold; to cast; as, to run bullets,
and the like.
The purest gold must be run and washed. --Felton.
6. To cause to be drawn; to mark out; to indicate; to
determine; as, to run a line.
7. To cause to pass, or evade, offical restrictions; to
smuggle; -- said of contraband or dutiable goods.
Heavy impositions . . . are a strong temptation of
running goods. --Swift.
8. To go through or accomplish by running; as, to run a race;
to run a certain career.
9. To cause to stand as a candidate for office; to support
for office; as, to run some one for Congress. [Colloq.
10. To encounter or incur, as a danger or risk; as, to run
the risk of losing one's life. See To run the chances,
below. "He runneth two dangers." --Bacon.
If we don't succeed, we run the risk of failure.
11. To put at hazard; to venture; to risk.
He would himself be in the Highlands to receive
them, and run his fortune with them. --Clarendon.
12. To discharge; to emit; to give forth copiously; to be
bathed with; as, the pipe or faucet runs hot water.
At the base of Pompey's statua,
Which all the while ran blood, great Caesar fell.
13. To be charged with, or to contain much of, while flowing;
as, the rivers ran blood.
14. To conduct; to manage; to carry on; as, to run a factory
or a hotel. [Colloq. U.S.]
15. To tease with sarcasms and ridicule. [Colloq.]
16. To sew, as a seam, by passing the needle through material
in a continuous line, generally taking a series of
stitches on the needle at the same time.
17. To migrate or move in schools; -- said of fish; esp., to
ascend a river in order to spawn.
18. (Golf) To strike (the ball) in such a way as to cause it
to run along the ground, as when approaching a hole.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
To run a blockade, to get to, or away from, a blockaded
port in safety.
To run down.
(a) (Hunting) To chase till the object pursued is
captured or exhausted; as, to run down a stag.
(b) (Naut.) To run against and sink, as a vessel.
(c) To crush; to overthrow; to overbear. "Religion is run
down by the license of these times." --Berkeley.
(d) To disparage; to traduce. --F. W. Newman.
To run hard.
(a) To press in competition; as, to run one hard in a
(b) To urge or press importunately.
(c) To banter severely.
To run into the ground, to carry to an absurd extreme; to
overdo. [Slang, U.S.]
(c) To erect hastily, as a building.