The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Run \Run\ (r[u^]n), v. i. [imp. Ran (r[a^]n) or Run; p. p.
Run; p. pr. & vb. n. Running.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp.
ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p.
p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn,
p. p. urnen); akin to D. runnen, rennen, OS. & OHG. rinnan,
G. rinnen, rennen, Icel. renna, rinna, Sw. rinna, r[aum]nna,
Dan. rinde, rende, Goth. rinnan, and perh. to L. oriri to
rise, Gr. 'orny`nai to stir up, rouse, Skr. [.r] (cf.
Origin), or perh. to L. rivus brook (cf. Rival).
[root]11. Cf. Ember, a., Rennet.]
1. To move, proceed, advance, pass, go, come, etc., swiftly,
smoothly, or with quick action; -- said of things animate
or inanimate. Hence, to flow, glide, or roll onward, as a
stream, a snake, a wagon, etc.; to move by quicker action
than in walking, as a person, a horse, a dog.
2. Of voluntary or personal action:
(a) To go swiftly; to pass at a swift pace; to hasten.
"Ha, ha, the fox!" and after him they ran.
(b) To flee, as from fear or danger.
As from a bear a man would run for life. --Shak.
(c) To steal off; to depart secretly.
(d) To contend in a race; hence, to enter into a contest;
to become a candidate; as, to run for Congress.
Know ye not that they which run in a race run
all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that
ye may obtain. --1 Cor. ix.
(e) To pass from one state or condition to another; to
come into a certain condition; -- often with in or
into; as, to run into evil practices; to run in debt.
Have I not cause to rave and beat my breast, to
rend my heart with grief and run distracted?
(f) To exert continuous activity; to proceed; as, to run
through life; to run in a circle.
(g) To pass or go quickly in thought or conversation; as,
to run from one subject to another.
Virgil, in his first Georgic, has run into a set
of precepts foreign to his subject. --Addison.
(h) To discuss; to continue to think or speak about
something; -- with on.
(i) To make numerous drafts or demands for payment, as
upon a bank; -- with on.
(j) To creep, as serpents.
3. Of involuntary motion:
(a) To flow, as a liquid; to ascend or descend; to course;
as, rivers run to the sea; sap runs up in the spring;
her blood ran cold.
(b) To proceed along a surface; to extend; to spread.
The fire ran along upon the ground. --Ex. ix.
(c) To become fluid; to melt; to fuse.
As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run.
Sussex iron ores run freely in the fire.
(d) To turn, as a wheel; to revolve on an axis or pivot;
as, a wheel runs swiftly round.
(e) To travel; to make progress; to be moved by mechanical
means; to go; as, the steamboat runs regularly to
Albany; the train runs to Chicago.
(f) To extend; to reach; as, the road runs from
Philadelphia to New York; the memory of man runneth
not to the contrary.
She saw with joy the line immortal run,
Each sire impressed, and glaring in his son.
(g) To go back and forth from place to place; to ply; as,
the stage runs between the hotel and the station.
(h) To make progress; to proceed; to pass.
As fast as our time runs, we should be very glad
in most part of our lives that it ran much
(i) To continue in operation; to be kept in action or
motion; as, this engine runs night and day; the mill
runs six days in the week.
When we desire anything, our minds run wholly on
the good circumstances of it; when it is
obtained, our minds run wholly on the bad ones.
(j) To have a course or direction; as, a line runs east
Where the generally allowed practice runs
counter to it. --Locke.
Little is the wisdom, where the flight
So runs against all reason. --Shak.
(k) To be in form thus, as a combination of words.
The king's ordinary style runneth, "Our
sovereign lord the king." --Bp.
(l) To be popularly known; to be generally received.
Men gave them their own names, by which they run
a great while in Rome. --Sir W.
Neither was he ignorant what report ran of
(m) To have growth or development; as, boys and girls run
If the richness of the ground cause turnips to
run to leaves. --Mortimer.
(n) To tend, as to an effect or consequence; to incline.
A man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds.
Temperate climates run into moderate
(o) To spread and blend together; to unite; as, colors run
In the middle of a rainbow the colors are . . .
distinguished, but near the borders they run
into one another. --I. Watts.
(p) To have a legal course; to be attached; to continue in
force, effect, or operation; to follow; to go in
company; as, certain covenants run with the land.
Customs run only upon our goods imported or
exported, and that but once for all; whereas
interest runs as well upon our ships as goods,
and must be yearly paid. --Sir J.
(q) To continue without falling due; to hold good; as, a
note has thirty days to run.
(r) To discharge pus or other matter; as, an ulcer runs.
(s) To be played on the stage a number of successive days
or nights; as, the piece ran for six months.
(t) (Naut.) To sail before the wind, in distinction from
reaching or sailing closehauled; -- said of vessels.
4. Specifically, of a horse: To move rapidly in a gait in
which each leg acts in turn as a propeller and a
supporter, and in which for an instant all the limbs are
gathered in the air under the body. --Stillman (The Horse
5. (Athletics) To move rapidly by springing steps so that
there is an instant in each step when neither foot touches
the ground; -- so distinguished from walking in athletic
As things run, according to the usual order, conditions,
quality, etc.; on the average; without selection or
To let run (Naut.), to allow to pass or move freely; to
slacken or loosen.
To run after, to pursue or follow; to search for; to
endeavor to find or obtain; as, to run after similes.
To run away, to flee; to escape; to elope; to run without
control or guidance.
To run away with.
(a) To convey away hurriedly; to accompany in escape or
(b) To drag rapidly and with violence; as, a horse runs
away with a carriage.
To run down.
(a) To cease to work or operate on account of the
exhaustion of the motive power; -- said of clocks,
(b) To decline in condition; as, to run down in health.
To run down a coast, to sail along it.
To run for an office, to stand as a candidate for an
To run in or To run into.
(a) To enter; to step in.
(b) To come in collision with.
To run into To meet, by chance; as, I ran into my brother
at the grocery store.
To run in trust, to run in debt; to get credit. [Obs.]
To run in with.
(a) To close; to comply; to agree with. [R.] --T. Baker.
(b) (Naut.) To make toward; to near; to sail close to; as,
to run in with the land.
To run mad, To run mad after or To run mad on. See
To run on.
(a) To be continued; as, their accounts had run on for a
year or two without a settlement.
(b) To talk incessantly.
(c) To continue a course.
(d) To press with jokes or ridicule; to abuse with
sarcasm; to bear hard on.
(e) (Print.) To be continued in the same lines, without
making a break or beginning a new paragraph.
To run out.
(a) To come to an end; to expire; as, the lease runs out
(b) To extend; to spread. "Insectile animals . . . run all
out into legs." --Hammond.
(c) To expatiate; as, to run out into beautiful
(d) To be wasted or exhausted; to become poor; to become
extinct; as, an estate managed without economy will
soon run out.
And had her stock been less, no doubt
She must have long ago run out. --Dryden.
To run over.
(a) To overflow; as, a cup runs over, or the liquor runs
(b) To go over, examine, or rehearse cursorily.
(c) To ride or drive over; as, to run over a child.
To run riot, to go to excess.
To run through.
(a) To go through hastily; as to run through a book.
(b) To spend wastefully; as, to run through an estate.
To run to seed, to expend or exhaust vitality in producing
seed, as a plant; figuratively and colloquially, to cease
growing; to lose vital force, as the body or mind.
To run up, to rise; to swell; to grow; to increase; as,
accounts of goods credited run up very fast.
But these, having been untrimmed for many years, had
run up into great bushes, or rather dwarf trees.
To run with.
(a) To be drenched with, so that streams flow; as, the
streets ran with blood.
(b) To flow while charged with some foreign substance.
"Its rivers ran with gold." --J. H. Newman.