The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Raise \Raise\ (r[=a]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Raised (r[=a]zd);
p. pr. & vb. n. Raising.] [OE. reisen, Icel. reisa,
causative of r[imac]sa to rise. See Rise, and cf. Rear to
1. To cause to rise; to bring from a lower to a higher place;
to lift upward; to elevate; to heave; as, to raise a stone
or weight. Hence, figuratively:
(a) To bring to a higher condition or situation; to
elevate in rank, dignity, and the like; to increase
the value or estimation of; to promote; to exalt; to
advance; to enhance; as, to raise from a low estate;
to raise to office; to raise the price, and the like.
This gentleman came to be raised to great
The plate pieces of eight were raised three
pence in the piece. --Sir W.
(b) To increase the strength, vigor, or vehemence of; to
excite; to intensify; to invigorate; to heighten; as,
to raise the pulse; to raise the voice; to raise the
spirits or the courage; to raise the heat of a
(c) To elevate in degree according to some scale; as, to
raise the pitch of the voice; to raise the temperature
of a room.
2. To cause to rise up, or assume an erect position or
posture; to set up; to make upright; as, to raise a mast
or flagstaff. Hence:
(a) To cause to spring up from a recumbent position, from
a state of quiet, or the like; to awaken; to arouse.
They shall not awake, nor be raised out of their
sleep. --Job xiv. 12.
(b) To rouse to action; to stir up; to incite to tumult,
struggle, or war; to excite.
He commandeth, and raiseth the stormy wind.
Aeneas . . . employs his pains,
In parts remote, to raise the Tuscan swains.
(c) To bring up from the lower world; to call up, as a
spirit from the world of spirits; to recall from
death; to give life to.
Why should it be thought a thing incredible with
you, that God should raise the dead ? --Acts
3. To cause to arise, grow up, or come into being or to
appear; to give rise to; to originate, produce, cause,
effect, or the like. Hence, specifically:
(a) To form by the accumulation of materials or
constituent parts; to build up; to erect; as, to raise
a lofty structure, a wall, a heap of stones.
I will raise forts against thee. --Isa. xxix.
(b) To bring together; to collect; to levy; to get
together or obtain for use or service; as, to raise
money, troops, and the like. "To raise up a rent."
(c) To cause to grow; to procure to be produced, bred, or
propagated; to grow; as, to raise corn, barley, hops,
etc.; toraise cattle. "He raised sheep." "He raised
wheat where none grew before." --Johnson's Dict.
Note: In some parts of the United States, notably in the
Southern States, raise is also commonly applied to the
rearing or bringing up of children.
I was raised, as they say in Virginia, among the
mountains of the North. --Paulding.
(d) To bring into being; to produce; to cause to arise,
come forth, or appear; -- often with up.
I will raise them up a prophet from among their
brethren, like unto thee. --Deut. xviii.
God vouchsafes to raise another world
From him [Noah], and all his anger to forget.
(e) To give rise to; to set agoing; to occasion; to start;
to originate; as, to raise a smile or a blush.
Thou shalt not raise a false report. --Ex.
(f) To give vent or utterance to; to utter; to strike up.
Soon as the prince appears, they raise a cry.
(g) To bring to notice; to submit for consideration; as,
to raise a point of order; to raise an objection.
4. To cause to rise, as by the effect of leaven; to make
light and spongy, as bread.
Miss Liddy can dance a jig, and raise paste.
(a) To cause (the land or any other object) to seem higher
by drawing nearer to it; as, to raise Sandy Hook
(b) To let go; as in the command, Raise tacks and sheets,
i. e., Let go tacks and sheets.
6. (Law) To create or constitute; as, to raise a use, that
is, to create it. --Burrill.
To raise a blockade (Mil.), to remove or break up a
blockade, either by withdrawing the ships or forces
employed in enforcing it, or by driving them away or
To raise a check, note, bill of exchange, etc., to
increase fraudulently its nominal value by changing the
writing, figures, or printing in which the sum payable is
To raise a siege, to relinquish an attempt to take a place
by besieging it, or to cause the attempt to be
To raise steam, to produce steam of a required pressure.
To raise the wind, to procure ready money by some temporary
To raise Cain, or To raise the devil, to cause a great
disturbance; to make great trouble. [Slang]
Syn: To lift; exalt; elevate; erect; originate; cause;
produce; grow; heighten; aggravate; excite.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Wind \Wind\ (w[i^]nd, in poetry and singing often w[imac]nd;
277), n. [AS. wind; akin to OS., OFries., D., & G. wind, OHG.
wint, Dan. & Sw. vind, Icel. vindr, Goth winds, W. gwynt, L.
ventus, Skr. v[=a]ta (cf. Gr. 'ah`ths a blast, gale, 'ah^nai
to breathe hard, to blow, as the wind); originally a p. pr.
from the verb seen in Skr. v[=a] to blow, akin to AS.
w[=a]wan, D. waaijen, G. wehen, OHG. w[=a]en, w[=a]jen, Goth.
waian. [root]131. Cf. Air, Ventail, Ventilate,
1. Air naturally in motion with any degree of velocity; a
current of air.
Except wind stands as never it stood,
It is an ill wind that turns none to good. --Tusser.
Winds were soft, and woods were green. --Longfellow.
2. Air artificially put in motion by any force or action; as,
the wind of a cannon ball; the wind of a bellows.
3. Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or
by an instrument.
Their instruments were various in their kind,
Some for the bow, and some for breathing wind.
4. Power of respiration; breath.
If my wind were but long enough to say my prayers, I
would repent. --Shak.
5. Air or gas generated in the stomach or bowels; flatulence;
as, to be troubled with wind.
6. Air impregnated with an odor or scent.
A pack of dogfish had him in the wind. --Swift.
7. A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the
compass; especially, one of the cardinal points, which are
often called the four winds.
Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon
these slain. --Ezek.
Note: This sense seems to have had its origin in the East.
The Hebrews gave to each of the four cardinal points
the name of wind.
8. (Far.) A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are
distended with air, or rather affected with a violent
inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
9. Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
Nor think thou with wind
Of airy threats to awe. --Milton.
10. (Zool.) The dotterel. [Prov. Eng.]
11. (Boxing) The region of the pit of the stomach, where a
blow may paralyze the diaphragm and cause temporary loss
of breath or other injury; the mark. [Slang or Cant]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Note: Wind is often used adjectively, or as the first part of
All in the wind. (Naut.) See under All, n.
Before the wind. (Naut.) See under Before.
Between wind and water (Naut.), in that part of a ship's
side or bottom which is frequently brought above water by
the rolling of the ship, or fluctuation of the water's
surface. Hence, colloquially, (as an injury to that part
of a vessel, in an engagement, is particularly dangerous)
the vulnerable part or point of anything.
Cardinal winds. See under Cardinal, a.
Down the wind.
(a) In the direction of, and moving with, the wind; as,
birds fly swiftly down the wind.
(b) Decaying; declining; in a state of decay. [Obs.] "He
went down the wind still." --L'Estrange.
In the wind's eye (Naut.), directly toward the point from
which the wind blows.
Three sheets in the wind, unsteady from drink. [Sailors'
To be in the wind, to be suggested or expected; to be a
matter of suspicion or surmise. [Colloq.]
To carry the wind (Man.), to toss the nose as high as the
ears, as a horse.
To raise the wind, to procure money. [Colloq.]
To take the wind or To have the wind, to gain or have the
To take the wind out of one's sails, to cause one to stop,
or lose way, as when a vessel intercepts the wind of
another; to cause one to lose enthusiasm, or momentum in
an activity. [Colloq.]
To take wind, or To get wind, to be divulged; to become
public; as, the story got wind, or took wind.
Wind band (Mus.), a band of wind instruments; a military
band; the wind instruments of an orchestra.
Wind chest (Mus.), a chest or reservoir of wind in an
Wind dropsy. (Med.)
(b) Emphysema of the subcutaneous areolar tissue.
Wind egg, an imperfect, unimpregnated, or addled egg.
Wind furnace. See the Note under Furnace.
Wind gauge. See under Gauge.
Wind gun. Same as Air gun.
Wind hatch (Mining), the opening or place where the ore is
taken out of the earth.
Wind instrument (Mus.), an instrument of music sounded by
means of wind, especially by means of the breath, as a
flute, a clarinet, etc.
Wind pump, a pump moved by a windmill.
Wind rose, a table of the points of the compass, giving the
states of the barometer, etc., connected with winds from
the different directions.
(a) (Naut.) A wide tube or funnel of canvas, used to
convey a stream of air for ventilation into the lower
compartments of a vessel.
(b) The sail or vane of a windmill.
Wind shake, a crack or incoherence in timber produced by
violent winds while the timber was growing.
Wind shock, a wind shake.
Wind side, the side next the wind; the windward side. [R.]
Wind rush (Zool.), the redwing. [Prov. Eng.]
Wind wheel, a motor consisting of a wheel moved by wind.
Wood wind (Mus.), the flutes and reed instruments of an