The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Sail \Sail\, n. [OE. seil, AS. segel, segl; akin to D. zeil,
OHG. segal, G. & Sw. segel, Icel. segl, Dan. seil. [root]
1. An extent of canvas or other fabric by means of which the
wind is made serviceable as a power for propelling vessels
through the water.
Behoves him now both sail and oar. --Milton.
2. Anything resembling a sail, or regarded as a sail.
3. A wing; a van. [Poetic]
Like an eagle soaring
To weather his broad sails. --Spenser.
4. The extended surface of the arm of a windmill.
5. A sailing vessel; a vessel of any kind; a craft.
Note: In this sense, the plural has usually the same form as
the singular; as, twenty sail were in sight.
6. A passage by a sailing vessel; a journey or excursion upon
Note: Sails are of two general kinds, fore-and-aft sails,
and square sails. Square sails are always bent to
yards, with their foot lying across the line of the
vessel. Fore-and-aft sails are set upon stays or gaffs
with their foot in line with the keel. A fore-and-aft
sail is triangular, or quadrilateral with the after
leech longer than the fore leech. Square sails are
quadrilateral, but not necessarily square. See Phrases
under Fore, a., and Square, a.; also, Bark,
Brig, Schooner, Ship, Stay.
Sail burton (Naut.), a purchase for hoisting sails aloft
Sail fluke (Zool.), the whiff.
Sail hook, a small hook used in making sails, to hold the
Sail loft, a loft or room where sails are cut out and made.
Sail room (Naut.), a room in a vessel where sails are
stowed when not in use.
Sail yard (Naut.), the yard or spar on which a sail is
Shoulder-of-mutton sail (Naut.), a triangular sail of
peculiar form. It is chiefly used to set on a boat's mast.
To crowd sail. (Naut.) See under Crowd.
To loose sails (Naut.), to unfurl or spread sails.
To make sail (Naut.), to extend an additional quantity of
To set a sail (Naut.), to extend or spread a sail to the
To set sail (Naut.), to unfurl or spread the sails; hence,
to begin a voyage.
To shorten sail (Naut.), to reduce the extent of sail, or
take in a part.
To strike sail (Naut.), to lower the sails suddenly, as in
saluting, or in sudden gusts of wind; hence, to
acknowledge inferiority; to abate pretension.
Under sail, having the sails spread.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
make \make\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. made (m[=a]d); p. pr. & vb.
n. making.] [OE. maken, makien, AS. macian; akin to OS.
mak?n, OFries. makia, D. maken, G. machen, OHG. mahh?n to
join, fit, prepare, make, Dan. mage. Cf. Match an equal.]
1. To cause to exist; to bring into being; to form; to
produce; to frame; to fashion; to create. Hence, in
various specific uses or applications:
(a) To form of materials; to cause to exist in a certain
form; to construct; to fabricate.
He . . . fashioned it with a graving tool, after
he had made it a molten calf. --Ex. xxxii.
(b) To produce, as something artificial, unnatural, or
false; -- often with up; as, to make up a story.
And Art, with her contending, doth aspire
To excel the natural with made delights.
(c) To bring about; to bring forward; to be the cause or
agent of; to effect, do, perform, or execute; -- often
used with a noun to form a phrase equivalent to the
simple verb that corresponds to such noun; as, to make
complaint, for to complain; to make record of, for to
record; to make abode, for to abide, etc.
Call for Samson, that he may make us sport.
Wealth maketh many friends. --Prov. xix.
I will neither plead my age nor sickness in
excuse of the faults which I have made.
(d) To execute with the requisite formalities; as, to make
a bill, note, will, deed, etc.
(e) To gain, as the result of one's efforts; to get, as
profit; to make acquisition of; to have accrue or
happen to one; as, to make a large profit; to make an
error; to make a loss; to make money.
He accuseth Neptune unjustly who makes shipwreck
a second time. --Bacon.
(f) To find, as the result of calculation or computation;
to ascertain by enumeration; to find the number or
amount of, by reckoning, weighing, measurement, and
the like; as, he made the distance of; to travel over;
as, the ship makes ten knots an hour; he made the
distance in one day.
(h) To put in a desired or desirable condition; to cause
Who makes or ruins with a smile or frown.
2. To cause to be or become; to put into a given state verb,
or adjective; to constitute; as, to make known; to make
public; to make fast.
Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? --Ex.
See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh. --Ex. vii.
Note: When used reflexively with an adjective, the reflexive
pronoun is often omitted; as, to make merry; to make
bold; to make free, etc.
3. To cause to appear to be; to constitute subjectively; to
esteem, suppose, or represent.
He is not that goose and ass that Valla would make
4. To require; to constrain; to compel; to force; to cause;
to occasion; -- followed by a noun or pronoun and
Note: In the active voice the to of the infinitive is usually
I will make them hear my words. --Deut. iv.
They should be made to rise at their early hour.
5. To become; to be, or to be capable of being, changed or
fashioned into; to do the part or office of; to furnish
the material for; as, he will make a good musician; sweet
cider makes sour vinegar; wool makes warm clothing.
And old cloak makes a new jerkin. --Shak.
6. To compose, as parts, ingredients, or materials; to
constitute; to form; to amount to; as, a pound of ham
makes a hearty meal.
The heaven, the air, the earth, and boundless sea,
Make but one temple for the Deity. --Waller.
7. To be engaged or concerned in. [Obs.]
Gomez, what makest thou here, with a whole
brotherhood of city bailiffs? --Dryden.
8. To reach; to attain; to arrive at or in sight of. "And
make the Libyan shores." --Dryden.
They that sail in the middle can make no land of
either side. --Sir T.
To make a bed, to prepare a bed for being slept on, or to
put it in order.
To make a card (Card Playing), to take a trick with it.
To make account. See under Account, n.
To make account of, to esteem; to regard.
To make away.
(a) To put out of the way; to kill; to destroy. [Obs.]
If a child were crooked or deformed in body or
mind, they made him away. --Burton.
(b) To alienate; to transfer; to make over. [Obs.]
To make believe, to pretend; to feign; to simulate.
To make bold, to take the liberty; to venture.
To make the cards (Card Playing), to shuffle the pack.
To make choice of, to take by way of preference; to choose.
To make danger, to make experiment. [Obs.] --Beau. & Fl.
To make default (Law), to fail to appear or answer.
To make the doors, to shut the door. [Obs.]
Make the doors upon a woman's wit, and it will out
at the casement. --Shak.
To make free with. See under Free, a.
To make good. See under Good.
To make head, to make headway.
To make light of. See under Light, a.
To make little of.
(a) To belittle.
(b) To accomplish easily.
To make love to. See under Love, n.
To make meat, to cure meat in the open air. [Colloq.
Western U. S.]
To make merry, to feast; to be joyful or jovial.
To make much of, to treat with much consideration,,
attention, or fondness; to value highly.
To make no bones. See under Bone, n.
To make no difference, to have no weight or influence; to
be a matter of indifference.
To make no doubt, to have no doubt.
To make no matter, to have no weight or importance; to make
To make oath (Law), to swear, as to the truth of something,
in a prescribed form of law.
To make of.
(a) To understand or think concerning; as, not to know
what to make of the news.
(b) To pay attention to; to cherish; to esteem; to
account. "Makes she no more of me than of a slave."
To make one's law (Old Law), to adduce proof to clear one's
self of a charge.
To make out.
(a) To find out; to discover; to decipher; as, to make out
the meaning of a letter.
(b) to gain sight of; to recognize; to discern; to descry;
as, as they approached the city, he could make out the
tower of the Chrysler Building.
(c) To prove; to establish; as, the plaintiff was unable
to make out his case.
(d) To make complete or exact; as, he was not able to make
out the money.
(d) to write out; to write down; -- used especially of a
bank check or bill; as, he made out a check for the
cost of the dinner; the workman made out a bill and
handed it to him.
To make over, to transfer the title of; to convey; to
alienate; as, he made over his estate in trust or in fee.
To make sail. (Naut.)
(a) To increase the quantity of sail already extended.
(b) To set sail.
To make shift, to manage by expedients; as, they made shift
to do without it. [Colloq.].
To make sternway, to move with the stern foremost; to go or
To make strange, to act in an unfriendly manner or as if
surprised; to treat as strange; as, to make strange of a
request or suggestion.
To make suit to, to endeavor to gain the favor of; to
To make sure. See under Sure.
To make up.
(a) To collect into a sum or mass; as, to make up the
amount of rent; to make up a bundle or package.
(b) To reconcile; to compose; as, to make up a difference
(c) To supply what is wanting in; to complete; as, a
dollar is wanted to make up the stipulated sum.
(d) To compose, as from ingredients or parts; to shape,
prepare, or fabricate; as, to make up a mass into
pills; to make up a story.
He was all made up of love and charms!
(e) To compensate; to make good; as, to make up a loss.
(f) To adjust, or to arrange for settlement; as, to make
(g) To dress and paint for a part, as an actor; as, he was
well made up.
To make up a face, to distort the face as an expression of
pain or derision.
To make up one's mind, to reach a mental determination; to
To make way, or To make one's way.
(a) To make progress; to advance.
(b) To open a passage; to clear the way.
To make words, to multiply words.