The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Free \Free\ (fr[=e]), a. [Compar. Freer (-[~e]r); superl.
Freest (-[e^]st).] [OE. fre, freo, AS. fre['o], fr[imac];
akin to D. vrij, OS. & OHG. fr[imac], G. frei, Icel.
fr[imac], Sw. & Dan. fri, Goth. freis, and also to Skr. prija
beloved, dear, fr. pr[imac] to love, Goth. frij[=o]n. Cf.
Affray, Belfry, Friday, Friend, Frith inclosure.]
1. Exempt from subjection to the will of others; not under
restraint, control, or compulsion; able to follow one's
own impulses, desires, or inclinations; determining one's
own course of action; not dependent; at liberty.
That which has the power, or not the power, to
operate, is that alone which is or is not free.
2. Not under an arbitrary or despotic government; subject
only to fixed laws regularly and fairly administered, and
defended by them from encroachments upon natural or
acquired rights; enjoying political liberty.
3. Liberated, by arriving at a certain age, from the control
of parents, guardian, or master.
4. Not confined or imprisoned; released from arrest;
liberated; at liberty to go.
Set an unhappy prisoner free. --Prior.
5. Not subjected to the laws of physical necessity; capable
of voluntary activity; endowed with moral liberty; -- said
of the will.
Not free, what proof could they have given sincere
Of true allegiance, constant faith, or love.
6. Clear of offense or crime; guiltless; innocent.
My hands are guilty, but my heart is free. --Dryden.
7. Unconstrained by timidity or distrust; unreserved;
ingenuous; frank; familiar; communicative.
He was free only with a few. --Milward.
8. Unrestrained; immoderate; lavish; licentious; -- used in a
The critics have been very free in their censures.
A man may live a free life as to wine or women.
9. Not close or parsimonious; liberal; open-handed; lavish;
as, free with his money.
10. Exempt; clear; released; liberated; not encumbered or
troubled with; as, free from pain; free from a burden; --
followed by from, or, rarely, by of.
Princes declaring themselves free from the
obligations of their treaties. --Bp. Burnet.
11. Characteristic of one acting without restraint; charming;
12. Ready; eager; acting without spurring or whipping;
spirited; as, a free horse.
13. Invested with a particular freedom or franchise; enjoying
certain immunities or privileges; admitted to special
rights; -- followed by of.
He therefore makes all birds, of every sect,
Free of his farm. --Dryden.
14. Thrown open, or made accessible, to all; to be enjoyed
without limitations; unrestricted; not obstructed,
engrossed, or appropriated; open; -- said of a thing to
be possessed or enjoyed; as, a free school.
Why, sir, I pray, are not the streets as free
For me as for you? --Shak.
15. Not gained by importunity or purchase; gratuitous;
spontaneous; as, free admission; a free gift.
16. Not arbitrary or despotic; assuring liberty; defending
individual rights against encroachment by any person or
class; instituted by a free people; -- said of a
government, institutions, etc.
17. (O. Eng. Law) Certain or honorable; the opposite of
base; as, free service; free socage. --Burrill.
18. (Law) Privileged or individual; the opposite of common;
as, a free fishery; a free warren. --Burrill.
19. Not united or combined with anything else; separated;
dissevered; unattached; at liberty to escape; as, free
carbonic acid gas; free cells.
Free agency, the capacity or power of choosing or acting
freely, or without necessity or constraint upon the will.
Free bench (Eng. Law), a widow's right in the copyhold
lands of her husband, corresponding to dower in freeholds.
Free board (Naut.), a vessel's side between water line and
Free bond (Chem.), an unsaturated or unemployed unit, or
bond, of affinity or valence, of an atom or radical.
Free-borough men (O.Eng. Law). See Friborg.
Free chapel (Eccles.), a chapel not subject to the
jurisdiction of the ordinary, having been founded by the
king or by a subject specially authorized. [Eng.]
Free charge (Elec.), a charge of electricity in the free or
statical condition; free electricity.
(a) A church whose sittings are for all and without
(b) An ecclesiastical body that left the Church of
Scotland, in 1843, to be free from control by the
government in spiritual matters.
Free city, or Free town, a city or town independent in
its government and franchises, as formerly those of the
Free cost, freedom from charges or expenses. --South.
Free and easy, unconventional; unrestrained; regardless of
formalities. [Colloq.] "Sal and her free and easy ways."
Free goods, goods admitted into a country free of duty.
Free labor, the labor of freemen, as distinguished from
that of slaves.
Free port. (Com.)
(a) A port where goods may be received and shipped free
of custom duty.
(b) A port where goods of all kinds are received from
ships of all nations at equal rates of duty.
Free public house, in England, a tavern not belonging to a
brewer, so that the landlord is free to brew his own beer
or purchase where he chooses. --Simmonds.
(a) A school to which pupils are admitted without
discrimination and on an equal footing.
(b) A school supported by general taxation, by
endowmants, etc., where pupils pay nothing for
tuition; a public school.
Free services (O.Eng. Law), such feudal services as were
not unbecoming the character of a soldier or a freemen to
perform; as, to serve under his lord in war, to pay a sum
of money, etc. --Burrill.
Free ships, ships of neutral nations, which in time of war
are free from capture even though carrying enemy's goods.
Free socage (O.Eng. Law), a feudal tenure held by certain
services which, though honorable, were not military.
Free States, those of the United States before the Civil
War, in which slavery had ceased to exist, or had never
Free stuff (Carp.), timber free from knots; clear stuff.
Free thought, that which is thought independently of the
authority of others.
Free trade, commerce unrestricted by duties or tariff
Free trader, one who believes in free trade.
To make free with, to take liberties with; to help one's
self to. [Colloq.]
To sail free (Naut.), to sail with the yards not braced in
as sharp as when sailing closehauled, or close to the
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
make \make\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. made (m[=a]d); p. pr. & vb.
n. making.] [OE. maken, makien, AS. macian; akin to OS.
mak?n, OFries. makia, D. maken, G. machen, OHG. mahh?n to
join, fit, prepare, make, Dan. mage. Cf. Match an equal.]
1. To cause to exist; to bring into being; to form; to
produce; to frame; to fashion; to create. Hence, in
various specific uses or applications:
(a) To form of materials; to cause to exist in a certain
form; to construct; to fabricate.
He . . . fashioned it with a graving tool, after
he had made it a molten calf. --Ex. xxxii.
(b) To produce, as something artificial, unnatural, or
false; -- often with up; as, to make up a story.
And Art, with her contending, doth aspire
To excel the natural with made delights.
(c) To bring about; to bring forward; to be the cause or
agent of; to effect, do, perform, or execute; -- often
used with a noun to form a phrase equivalent to the
simple verb that corresponds to such noun; as, to make
complaint, for to complain; to make record of, for to
record; to make abode, for to abide, etc.
Call for Samson, that he may make us sport.
Wealth maketh many friends. --Prov. xix.
I will neither plead my age nor sickness in
excuse of the faults which I have made.
(d) To execute with the requisite formalities; as, to make
a bill, note, will, deed, etc.
(e) To gain, as the result of one's efforts; to get, as
profit; to make acquisition of; to have accrue or
happen to one; as, to make a large profit; to make an
error; to make a loss; to make money.
He accuseth Neptune unjustly who makes shipwreck
a second time. --Bacon.
(f) To find, as the result of calculation or computation;
to ascertain by enumeration; to find the number or
amount of, by reckoning, weighing, measurement, and
the like; as, he made the distance of; to travel over;
as, the ship makes ten knots an hour; he made the
distance in one day.
(h) To put in a desired or desirable condition; to cause
Who makes or ruins with a smile or frown.
2. To cause to be or become; to put into a given state verb,
or adjective; to constitute; as, to make known; to make
public; to make fast.
Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? --Ex.
See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh. --Ex. vii.
Note: When used reflexively with an adjective, the reflexive
pronoun is often omitted; as, to make merry; to make
bold; to make free, etc.
3. To cause to appear to be; to constitute subjectively; to
esteem, suppose, or represent.
He is not that goose and ass that Valla would make
4. To require; to constrain; to compel; to force; to cause;
to occasion; -- followed by a noun or pronoun and
Note: In the active voice the to of the infinitive is usually
I will make them hear my words. --Deut. iv.
They should be made to rise at their early hour.
5. To become; to be, or to be capable of being, changed or
fashioned into; to do the part or office of; to furnish
the material for; as, he will make a good musician; sweet
cider makes sour vinegar; wool makes warm clothing.
And old cloak makes a new jerkin. --Shak.
6. To compose, as parts, ingredients, or materials; to
constitute; to form; to amount to; as, a pound of ham
makes a hearty meal.
The heaven, the air, the earth, and boundless sea,
Make but one temple for the Deity. --Waller.
7. To be engaged or concerned in. [Obs.]
Gomez, what makest thou here, with a whole
brotherhood of city bailiffs? --Dryden.
8. To reach; to attain; to arrive at or in sight of. "And
make the Libyan shores." --Dryden.
They that sail in the middle can make no land of
either side. --Sir T.
To make a bed, to prepare a bed for being slept on, or to
put it in order.
To make a card (Card Playing), to take a trick with it.
To make account. See under Account, n.
To make account of, to esteem; to regard.
To make away.
(a) To put out of the way; to kill; to destroy. [Obs.]
If a child were crooked or deformed in body or
mind, they made him away. --Burton.
(b) To alienate; to transfer; to make over. [Obs.]
To make believe, to pretend; to feign; to simulate.
To make bold, to take the liberty; to venture.
To make the cards (Card Playing), to shuffle the pack.
To make choice of, to take by way of preference; to choose.
To make danger, to make experiment. [Obs.] --Beau. & Fl.
To make default (Law), to fail to appear or answer.
To make the doors, to shut the door. [Obs.]
Make the doors upon a woman's wit, and it will out
at the casement. --Shak.
To make free with. See under Free, a.
To make good. See under Good.
To make head, to make headway.
To make light of. See under Light, a.
To make little of.
(a) To belittle.
(b) To accomplish easily.
To make love to. See under Love, n.
To make meat, to cure meat in the open air. [Colloq.
Western U. S.]
To make merry, to feast; to be joyful or jovial.
To make much of, to treat with much consideration,,
attention, or fondness; to value highly.
To make no bones. See under Bone, n.
To make no difference, to have no weight or influence; to
be a matter of indifference.
To make no doubt, to have no doubt.
To make no matter, to have no weight or importance; to make
To make oath (Law), to swear, as to the truth of something,
in a prescribed form of law.
To make of.
(a) To understand or think concerning; as, not to know
what to make of the news.
(b) To pay attention to; to cherish; to esteem; to
account. "Makes she no more of me than of a slave."
To make one's law (Old Law), to adduce proof to clear one's
self of a charge.
To make out.
(a) To find out; to discover; to decipher; as, to make out
the meaning of a letter.
(b) to gain sight of; to recognize; to discern; to descry;
as, as they approached the city, he could make out the
tower of the Chrysler Building.
(c) To prove; to establish; as, the plaintiff was unable
to make out his case.
(d) To make complete or exact; as, he was not able to make
out the money.
(d) to write out; to write down; -- used especially of a
bank check or bill; as, he made out a check for the
cost of the dinner; the workman made out a bill and
handed it to him.
To make over, to transfer the title of; to convey; to
alienate; as, he made over his estate in trust or in fee.
To make sail. (Naut.)
(a) To increase the quantity of sail already extended.
(b) To set sail.
To make shift, to manage by expedients; as, they made shift
to do without it. [Colloq.].
To make sternway, to move with the stern foremost; to go or
To make strange, to act in an unfriendly manner or as if
surprised; to treat as strange; as, to make strange of a
request or suggestion.
To make suit to, to endeavor to gain the favor of; to
To make sure. See under Sure.
To make up.
(a) To collect into a sum or mass; as, to make up the
amount of rent; to make up a bundle or package.
(b) To reconcile; to compose; as, to make up a difference
(c) To supply what is wanting in; to complete; as, a
dollar is wanted to make up the stipulated sum.
(d) To compose, as from ingredients or parts; to shape,
prepare, or fabricate; as, to make up a mass into
pills; to make up a story.
He was all made up of love and charms!
(e) To compensate; to make good; as, to make up a loss.
(f) To adjust, or to arrange for settlement; as, to make
(g) To dress and paint for a part, as an actor; as, he was
well made up.
To make up a face, to distort the face as an expression of
pain or derision.
To make up one's mind, to reach a mental determination; to
To make way, or To make one's way.
(a) To make progress; to advance.
(b) To open a passage; to clear the way.
To make words, to multiply words.