The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Weather \Weath"er\, n. [OE. weder, AS. weder; akin to OS. wedar,
OFries. weder, D. weder, we[^e]r, G. wetter, OHG. wetar,
Icel. ve[eth]r, Dan. veir, Sw. v[aum]der wind, air, weather,
and perhaps to OSlav. vedro fair weather; or perhaps to Lith.
vetra storm, Russ. vieter', vietr', wind, and E. wind. Cf.
1. The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or
cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or
cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena;
meteorological condition of the atmosphere; as, warm
weather; cold weather; wet weather; dry weather, etc.
Not amiss to cool a man's stomach this hot weather.
Fair weather cometh out of the north. --Job xxxvii.
2. Vicissitude of season; meteorological change; alternation
of the state of the air. --Bacon.
3. Storm; tempest.
What gusts of weather from that gathering cloud
My thoughts presage! --Dryden.
4. A light rain; a shower. [Obs.] --Wyclif.
Stress of weather, violent winds; force of tempests.
To make fair weather, to flatter; to give flattering
To make good weather, or To make bad weather (Naut.), to
endure a gale well or ill; -- said of a vessel. --Shak.
Under the weather, ill; also, financially embarrassed.
[Colloq. U. S.] --Bartlett.
Weather box. Same as Weather house, below. --Thackeray.
Weather breeder, a fine day which is supposed to presage
Weather bureau, a popular name for the signal service. See
Signal service, under Signal, a. [U. S.]
Weather cloth (Naut.), a long piece of canvas of tarpaulin
used to preserve the hammocks from injury by the weather
when stowed in the nettings.
Weather door. (Mining) See Trapdoor, 2.
Weather gall. Same as Water gall, 2. [Prov. Eng.]
Weather house, a mechanical contrivance in the form of a
house, which indicates changes in atmospheric conditions
by the appearance or retirement of toy images.
Peace to the artist whose ingenious thought
Devised the weather house, that useful toy!
Weather molding, or
Weather moulding (Arch.), a canopy or cornice over a door
or a window, to throw off the rain.
Weather of a windmill sail, the obliquity of the sail, or
the angle which it makes with its plane of revolution.
Weather report, a daily report of meteorological
observations, and of probable changes in the weather;
esp., one published by government authority.
Weather spy, a stargazer; one who foretells the weather.
Weather strip (Arch.), a strip of wood, rubber, or other
material, applied to an outer door or window so as to
cover the joint made by it with the sill, casings, or
threshold, in order to exclude rain, snow, cold air, etc.