The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Give \Give\ (g[i^]v), v. t. [imp. Gave (g[=a]v); p. p. Given
(g[i^]v"'n); p. pr. & vb. n. Giving.] [OE. given, yiven,
yeven, AS. gifan, giefan; akin to D. geven, OS. ge[eth]an,
OHG. geban, G. geben, Icel. gefa, Sw. gifva, Dan. give, Goth.
giban. Cf. Gift, n.]
1. To bestow without receiving a return; to confer without
compensation; to impart, as a possession; to grant, as
authority or permission; to yield up or allow.
For generous lords had rather give than pay.
2. To yield possesion of; to deliver over, as property, in
exchange for something; to pay; as, we give the value of
what we buy.
What shall a man give in exchange for his soul ?
3. To yield; to furnish; to produce; to emit; as, flint and
steel give sparks.
4. To communicate or announce, as advice, tidings, etc.; to
pronounce; to render or utter, as an opinion, a judgment,
a sentence, a shout, etc.
5. To grant power or license to; to permit; to allow; to
license; to commission.
It is given me once again to behold my friend.
Then give thy friend to shed the sacred wine.
6. To exhibit as a product or result; to produce; to show;
as, the number of men, divided by the number of ships,
gives four hundred to each ship.
7. To devote; to apply; used reflexively, to devote or apply
one's self; as, the soldiers give themselves to plunder;
also in this sense used very frequently in the past
participle; as, the people are given to luxury and
pleasure; the youth is given to study.
8. (Logic & Math.) To set forth as a known quantity or a
known relation, or as a premise from which to reason; --
used principally in the passive form given.
9. To allow or admit by way of supposition.
I give not heaven for lost. --Mlton.
10. To attribute; to assign; to adjudge.
I don't wonder at people's giving him to me as a
11. To excite or cause to exist, as a sensation; as, to give
offense; to give pleasure or pain.
12. To pledge; as, to give one's word.
13. To cause; to make; -- with the infinitive; as, to give
one to understand, to know, etc.
But there the duke was given to understand
That in a gondola were seen together
Lorenzo and his amorous Jessica. --Shak.
14. To afford a view of; as, his window gave the park.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
To give away, to make over to another; to transfer.
Whatsoever we employ in charitable uses during our
lives, is given away from ourselves. --Atterbury.
To give back, to return; to restore. --Atterbury.
To give the bag, to cheat. [Obs.]
I fear our ears have given us the bag. --J. Webster.
To give birth to.
(a) To bear or bring forth, as a child.
(b) To originate; to give existence to, as an enterprise,
To give chase, to pursue.
To give ear to. See under Ear.
To give forth, to give out; to publish; to tell. --Hayward.
To give ground. See under Ground, n.
To give the hand, to pledge friendship or faith.
To give the hand of, to espouse; to bestow in marriage.
To give the head. See under Head, n.
To give in.
(a) To abate; to deduct.
(b) To declare; to make known; to announce; to tender;
as, to give in one's adhesion to a party.
To give the lie to (a person), to tell (him) that he lies.
To give line. See under Line.
To give off, to emit, as steam, vapor, odor, etc.
To give one's self away, to make an inconsiderate surrender
of one's cause, an unintentional disclosure of one's
purposes, or the like. [Colloq.]
To give out.
(a) To utter publicly; to report; to announce or declare.
One that gives out himself Prince Florizel.
Give out you are of Epidamnum. --Shak.
(b) To send out; to emit; to distribute; as, a substance
gives out steam or odors.
To give over.
(a) To yield completely; to quit; to abandon.
(b) To despair of.
(c) To addict, resign, or apply (one's self).
The Babylonians had given themselves over to
all manner of vice. --Grew.
To give place, to withdraw; to yield one's claim.
To give points.
(a) In games of skill, to equalize chances by conceding a
certain advantage; to allow a handicap.
(b) To give useful suggestions. [Colloq.]
To give rein. See under Rein, n.
To give the sack. Same as To give the bag.
To give and take.
(a) To average gains and losses.
(b) To exchange freely, as blows, sarcasms, etc.
To give time
(Law), to accord extension or forbearance to a debtor.
To give the time of day, to salute one with the compliment
appropriate to the hour, as "good morning." "good
To give tongue, in hunter's phrase, to bark; -- said of
To give up.
(a) To abandon; to surrender. "Don't give up the ship."
He has . . . given up
For certain drops of salt, your city Rome.
(b) To make public; to reveal.
I'll not state them
By giving up their characters. --Beau. & Fl.
(c) (Used also reflexively.)
To give up the ghost. See under Ghost.
To give one's self up, to abandon hope; to despair; to
surrender one's self.
To give way.
(a) To withdraw; to give place.
(b) To yield to force or pressure; as, the scaffolding
(c) (Naut.) To begin to row; or to row with increased
(d) (Stock Exchange). To depreciate or decline in value;
as, railroad securities gave way two per cent.
To give way together, to row in time; to keep stroke.
Syn: To Give, Confer, Grant.
Usage: To give is the generic word, embracing all the rest.
To confer was originally used of persons in power, who
gave permanent grants or privileges; as, to confer the
order of knighthood; and hence it still denotes the
giving of something which might have been withheld;
as, to confer a favor. To grant is to give in answer
to a petition or request, or to one who is in some way
dependent or inferior.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Lie \Lie\ (l[imac]), n. [AS. lyge; akin to D. leugen, OHG. lugi,
G. l["u]ge, lug, Icel. lygi, Dan. & Sw. l["o]gn, Goth. liugn.
See Lie to utter a falsehood.]
1. A falsehood uttered or acted for the purpose of deception;
an intentional violation of truth; an untruth spoken with
the intention to deceive.
The proper notion of a lie is an endeavoring to
deceive another by signifying that to him as true,
which we ourselves think not to be so. --S. Clarke.
It is willful deceit that makes a lie. A man may act
a lie, as by pointing his finger in a wrong
direction when a traveler inquires of him his road.
2. A fiction; a fable; an untruth. --Dryden.
3. Anything which misleads or disappoints.
Wishing this lie of life was o'er. --Trench.
To give the lie to.
(a) To charge with falsehood; as, the man gave him the
(b) To reveal to be false; as, a man's actions may give
the lie to his words.
White lie, a euphemism for such lies as one finds it
convenient to tell, and excuses himself for telling.
Syn: Untruth; falsehood; fiction; deception.
Usage: Lie, Untruth. A man may state what is untrue from
ignorance or misconception; hence, to impute an
untruth to one is not necessarily the same as charging
him with a lie. Every lie is an untruth, but not every
untruth is a lie. Cf. Falsity.