The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Grief \Grief\ (gr[=e]f), n. [OE. grief, gref, OF. grief, gref,
F. grief, L. gravis heavy; akin to Gr. bary`s, Skr. guru,
Goth. ka['u]rus. Cf. Barometer, Grave, a., Grieve,
1. Pain of mind on account of something in the past; mental
suffering arising from any cause, as misfortune, loss of
friends, misconduct of one's self or others, etc.; sorrow;
The mother was so afflicted at the loss of a fine
boy, . . . that she died for grief of it. --Addison.
2. Cause of sorrow or pain; that which afficts or distresses;
Be factious for redress of all these griefs. --Shak.
3. Physical pain, or a cause of it; malady. [R.]
This grief (cancerous ulcers) hastened the end of
that famous mathematician, Mr. Harriot. --Wood.
To come to grief, to meet with calamity, accident, defeat,
ruin, etc., causing grief; to turn out badly. [Colloq.]
Syn: Affiction; sorrow; distress; sadness; trial; grievance.
Usage: Grief, Sorrow, Sadness. Sorrow is the generic
term; grief is sorrow for some definite cause -- one
which commenced, at least, in the past; sadness is
applied to a permanent mood of the mind. Sorrow is
transient in many cases; but the grief of a mother for
the loss of a favorite child too often turns into
habitual sadness. "Grief is sometimes considered as
synonymous with sorrow; and in this case we speak of
the transports of grief. At other times it expresses
more silent, deep, and painful affections, such as are
inspired by domestic calamities, particularly by the
loss of friends and relatives, or by the distress,
either of body or mind, experienced by those whom we
love and value." --Cogan. See Affliction.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Come \Come\, v. i. [imp. Came; p. p. Come; p. pr & vb. n.
Coming.] [OE. cumen, comen, AS. cuman; akin to OS.kuman, D.
komen, OHG. queman, G. kommen, Icel. koma, Sw. komma, Dan.
komme, Goth. giman, L. venire (gvenire), Gr. ? to go, Skr.
gam. [root]23. Cf. Base, n., Convene, Adventure.]
1. To move hitherward; to draw near; to approach the speaker,
or some place or person indicated; -- opposed to go.
Look, who comes yonder? --Shak.
I did not come to curse thee. --Tennyson.
2. To complete a movement toward a place; to arrive.
When we came to Rome. --Acts xxviii.
Lately come from Italy. --Acts xviii.
3. To approach or arrive, as if by a journey or from a
distance. "Thy kingdom come." --Matt. vi. 10.
The hour is coming, and now is. --John. v. 25.
So quick bright things come to confusion. --Shak.
4. To approach or arrive, as the result of a cause, or of the
act of another.
From whence come wars? --James iv. 1.
Both riches and honor come of thee ! --1 Chron.
5. To arrive in sight; to be manifest; to appear.
Then butter does refuse to come. --Hudibras.
6. To get to be, as the result of change or progress; -- with
a predicate; as, to come untied.
How come you thus estranged? --Shak.
How come her eyes so bright? --Shak.
Note: Am come, is come, etc., are frequently used instead of
have come, has come, etc., esp. in poetry. The verb to
be gives a clearer adjectival significance to the
participle as expressing a state or condition of the
subject, while the auxiliary have expresses simply the
completion of the action signified by the verb.
Think not that I am come to destroy. --Matt. v.
We are come off like Romans. --Shak.
The melancholy days are come, the saddest of the
Note: Come may properly be used (instead of go) in speaking
of a movement hence, or away, when there is reference
to an approach to the person addressed; as, I shall
come home next week; he will come to your house to-day.
It is used with other verbs almost as an auxiliary,
indicative of approach to the action or state expressed
by the verb; as, how came you to do it? Come is used
colloquially, with reference to a definite future time
approaching, without an auxiliary; as, it will be two
years, come next Christmas; i. e., when Christmas shall
They were cried
In meeting, come next Sunday. --Lowell.
Come, in the imperative, is used to excite attention,
or to invite to motion or joint action; come, let us
go. "This is the heir; come, let us kill him." --Matt.
xxi. 38. When repeated, it sometimes expresses haste,
or impatience, and sometimes rebuke. "Come, come, no
time for lamentation now." --Milton.
To come, yet to arrive, future. "In times to come."
--Dryden. "There's pippins and cheese to come." --Shak.
To come about.
(a) To come to pass; to arrive; to happen; to result; as,
how did these things come about?
(b) To change; to come round; as, the ship comes about.
"The wind is come about." --Shak.
On better thoughts, and my urged reasons,
They are come about, and won to the true side.
To come abroad.
(a) To move or be away from one's home or country. "Am
come abroad to see the world." --Shak.
(b) To become public or known. [Obs.] "Neither was
anything kept secret, but that it should come abroad."
--Mark. iv. 22.
To come across, to meet; to find, esp. by chance or
suddenly. "We come across more than one incidental mention
of those wars." --E. A. Freeman. "Wagner's was certainly
one of the strongest and most independent natures I ever
came across." --H. R. Haweis.
To come after.
(a) To follow.
(b) To come to take or to obtain; as, to come after a
To come again, to return. "His spirit came again and he
revived." --Judges. xv. 19. -
To come and go.
(a) To appear and disappear; to change; to alternate. "The
color of the king doth come and go." --Shak.
(b) (Mech.) To play backward and forward.
To come at.
(a) To reach; to arrive within reach of; to gain; as, to
come at a true knowledge of ourselves.
(b) To come toward; to attack; as, he came at me with
To come away, to part or depart.
To come between, to intervene; to separate; hence, to cause
To come by.
(a) To obtain, gain, acquire. "Examine how you came by all
your state." --Dryden.
(b) To pass near or by way of.
To come down.
(a) To descend.
(b) To be humbled.
To come down upon, to call to account, to reprimand.
To come home.
(a) To return to one's house or family.
(b) To come close; to press closely; to touch the
feelings, interest, or reason.
(c) (Naut.) To be loosened from the ground; -- said of an
To come in.
(a) To enter, as a town, house, etc. "The thief cometh
in." --Hos. vii. 1.
(b) To arrive; as, when my ship comes in.
(c) To assume official station or duties; as, when Lincoln
(d) To comply; to yield; to surrender. "We need not fear
his coming in" --Massinger.
(e) To be brought into use. "Silken garments did not come
in till late." --Arbuthnot.
(f) To be added or inserted; to be or become a part of.
(g) To accrue as gain from any business or investment.
(h) To mature and yield a harvest; as, the crops come in
(i) To have sexual intercourse; -- with to or unto. --Gen.
(j) To have young; to bring forth; as, the cow will come
in next May. [U. S.]
To come in for, to claim or receive. "The rest came in for
To come into, to join with; to take part in; to agree to;
to comply with; as, to come into a party or scheme.
To come it over, to hoodwink; to get the advantage of.
To come near or To come nigh, to approach in place or
quality; to be equal to. "Nothing ancient or modern seems
to come near it." --Sir W. Temple.
To come of.
(a) To descend or spring from. "Of Priam's royal race my
mother came." --Dryden.
(b) To result or follow from. "This comes of judging by
the eye." --L'Estrange.
To come off.
(a) To depart or pass off from.
(b) To get free; to get away; to escape.
(c) To be carried through; to pass off; as, it came off
(d) To acquit one's self; to issue from (a contest, etc.);
as, he came off with honor; hence, substantively, a
come-off, an escape; an excuse; an evasion. [Colloq.]
(e) To pay over; to give. [Obs.]
(f) To take place; to happen; as, when does the race come
(g) To be or become after some delay; as, the weather came
off very fine.
(h) To slip off or be taken off, as a garment; to
(i) To hurry away; to get through. --Chaucer.
To come off by, to suffer. [Obs.] "To come off by the
To come off from, to leave. "To come off from these grave
To come on.
(a) To advance; to make progress; to thrive.
(b) To move forward; to approach; to supervene.
To come out.
(a) To pass out or depart, as from a country, room,
company, etc. "They shall come out with great
substance." --Gen. xv. 14.
(b) To become public; to appear; to be published. "It is
indeed come out at last." --Bp. Stillingfleet.
(c) To end; to result; to turn out; as, how will this
affair come out? he has come out well at last.
(d) To be introduced into society; as, she came out two
(e) To appear; to show itself; as, the sun came out.
(f) To take sides; to announce a position publicly; as, he
came out against the tariff.
(g) To publicly admit oneself to be homosexual.
To come out with, to give publicity to; to disclose.
To come over.
(a) To pass from one side or place to another.
"Perpetually teasing their friends to come over to
(b) To rise and pass over, in distillation.
To come over to, to join.
To come round.
(a) To recur in regular course.
(b) To recover. [Colloq.]
(c) To change, as the wind.
(d) To relent. --J. H. Newman.
(e) To circumvent; to wheedle. [Colloq.]
To come short, to be deficient; to fail of attaining. "All
have sinned and come short of the glory of God." --Rom.
To come to.
(a) To consent or yield. --Swift.
(b) (Naut.) (with the accent on to) To luff; to bring the
ship's head nearer the wind; to anchor.
(c) (with the accent on to) To recover, as from a swoon.
(d) To arrive at; to reach.
(e) To amount to; as, the taxes come to a large sum.
(f) To fall to; to be received by, as an inheritance.
To come to blows. See under Blow.
To come to grief. See under Grief.
To come to a head.
(a) To suppurate, as a boil.
(b) To mature; to culminate; as a plot.
To come to one's self, to recover one's senses.
To come to pass, to happen; to fall out.
To come to the scratch.
(a) (Prize Fighting) To step up to the scratch or mark
made in the ring to be toed by the combatants in
beginning a contest; hence:
(b) To meet an antagonist or a difficulty bravely.
To come to time.
(a) (Prize Fighting) To come forward in order to resume
the contest when the interval allowed for rest is over
and "time" is called; hence:
(b) To keep an appointment; to meet expectations.
To come together.
(a) To meet for business, worship, etc.; to assemble.
--Acts i. 6.
(b) To live together as man and wife. --Matt. i. 18.
To come true, to happen as predicted or expected.
To come under, to belong to, as an individual to a class.
To come up
(a) to ascend; to rise.
(b) To be brought up; to arise, as a question.
(c) To spring; to shoot or rise above the earth, as a
(d) To come into use, as a fashion.
To come up the capstan (Naut.), to turn it the contrary
way, so as to slacken the rope about it.
To come up the tackle fall (Naut.), to slacken the tackle
To come up to, to rise to; to equal.
To come up with, to overtake or reach by pursuit.
To come upon.
(a) To befall.
(b) To attack or invade.
(c) To have a claim upon; to become dependent upon for
support; as, to come upon the town.
(d) To light or chance upon; to find; as, to come upon hid