The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Up \Up\ ([u^]p), adv. [AS. up, upp, [=u]p; akin to OFries. up,
op, D. op, OS. [=u]p, OHG. [=u]f, G. auf, Icel. & Sw. upp,
Dan. op, Goth. iup, and probably to E. over. See Over.]
1. Aloft; on high; in a direction contrary to that of
gravity; toward or in a higher place or position; above;
-- the opposite of down.
But up or down,
By center or eccentric, hard to tell. --Milton.
2. Hence, in many derived uses, specifically:
(a) From a lower to a higher position, literally or
figuratively; as, from a recumbent or sitting
position; from the mouth, toward the source, of a
river; from a dependent or inferior condition; from
concealment; from younger age; from a quiet state, or
the like; -- used with verbs of motion expressed or
But they presumed to go up unto the hilltop.
I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth
Up rose the sun, and up rose Emelye. --Chaucer.
We have wrought ourselves up into this degree of
Christian indifference. --Atterbury.
(b) In a higher place or position, literally or
figuratively; in the state of having arisen; in an
upright, or nearly upright, position; standing;
mounted on a horse; in a condition of elevation,
prominence, advance, proficiency, excitement,
insurrection, or the like; -- used with verbs of rest,
situation, condition, and the like; as, to be up on a
hill; the lid of the box was up; prices are up.
And when the sun was up, they were scorched.
Those that were up themselves kept others low.
Helen was up -- was she? --Shak.
Rebels there are up,
And put the Englishmen unto the sword. --Shak.
His name was up through all the adjoining
provinces, even to Italy and Rome; many desiring
to see who he was that could withstand so many
years the Roman puissance. --Milton.
Thou hast fired me; my soul's up in arms.
Grief and passion are like floods raised in
little brooks by a sudden rain; they are quickly
A general whisper ran among the country people,
that Sir Roger was up. --Addison.
Let us, then, be up and doing,
With a heart for any fate. --Longfellow.
(c) To or in a position of equal advance or equality; not
short of, back of, less advanced than, away from, or
the like; -- usually followed by to or with; as, to be
up to the chin in water; to come up with one's
companions; to come up with the enemy; to live up to
As a boar was whetting his teeth, up comes a fox
to him. --L'Estrange.
(d) To or in a state of completion; completely; wholly;
quite; as, in the phrases to eat up; to drink up; to
burn up; to sum up; etc.; to shut up the eyes or the
mouth; to sew up a rent.
Note: Some phrases of this kind are now obsolete; as, to
spend up (--Prov. xxi. 20); to kill up (--B. Jonson).
(e) Aside, so as not to be in use; as, to lay up riches;
put up your weapons.
Note: Up is used elliptically for get up, rouse up, etc.,
expressing a command or exhortation. "Up, and let us be
going." --Judg. xix. 28.
Up, up, my friend! and quit your books,
Or surely you 'll grow double. --Wordsworth.
It is all up with him, it is all over with him; he is lost.
The time is up, the allotted time is past.
To be up in, to be informed about; to be versed in.
"Anxious that their sons should be well up in the
superstitions of two thousand years ago." --H. Spencer.
To be up to.
(a) To be equal to, or prepared for; as, he is up to the
business, or the emergency. [Colloq.]
(b) To be engaged in; to purpose, with the idea of doing
ill or mischief; as, I don't know what he's up to.
To blow up.
(a) To inflate; to distend.
(b) To destroy by an explosion from beneath.
(c) To explode; as, the boiler blew up.
(d) To reprove angrily; to scold. [Slang]
To bring up. See under Bring, v. t.
To come up with. See under Come, v. i.
To cut up. See under Cut, v. t. & i.
To draw up. See under Draw, v. t.
To grow up, to grow to maturity.
Up anchor (Naut.), the order to man the windlass
preparatory to hauling up the anchor.
Up and down.
(a) First up, and then down; from one state or position to
another. See under Down, adv.
Fortune . . . led him up and down. --Chaucer.
(b) (Naut.) Vertical; perpendicular; -- said of the cable
when the anchor is under, or nearly under, the hawse
hole, and the cable is taut. --Totten.
Up helm (Naut.), the order given to move the tiller toward
the upper, or windward, side of a vessel.
Up to snuff. See under Snuff. [Slang]
What is up? What is going on? [Slang]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Bring \Bring\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Brought; p. pr. & vb. n.
Bringing.] [OE. bringen, AS. bringan; akin to OS. brengian,
D. brengen, Fries. brenga, OHG. bringan, G. bringen, Goth.
1. To convey to the place where the speaker is or is to be;
to bear from a more distant to a nearer place; to fetch.
And as she was going to fetch it, he called to her,
and said, Bring me, I pray thee, a morsel of bread.
To France shall we convey you safe,
And bring you back. --Shak.
2. To cause the accession or obtaining of; to procure; to
make to come; to produce; to draw to.
There is nothing will bring you more honor . . .
than to do what right in justice you may. --Bacon.
3. To convey; to move; to carry or conduct.
In distillation, the water . . . brings over with it
some part of the oil of vitriol. --Sir I.
4. To persuade; to induce; to draw; to lead; to guide.
It seems so preposterous a thing . . . that they do
not easily bring themselves to it. --Locke.
The nature of the things . . . would not suffer him
to think otherwise, how, or whensoever, he is
brought to reflect on them. --Locke.
5. To produce in exchange; to sell for; to fetch; as, what
does coal bring per ton?
To bring about, to bring to pass; to effect; to accomplish.
To bring back.
(a) To recall.
(b) To restore, as something borrowed, to its owner.
To bring by the lee (Naut.), to incline so rapidly to
leeward of the course, when a ship sails large, as to
bring the lee side suddenly to the windward, any by laying
the sails aback, expose her to danger of upsetting.
To bring down.
(a) To cause to come down.
(b) To humble or abase; as, to bring down high looks.
To bring down the house, to cause tremendous applause.
To bring forth.
(a) To produce, as young fruit.
(b) To bring to light; to make manifest.
To bring forward
(a) To exhibit; to introduce; to produce to view.
(b) To hasten; to promote; to forward.
(c) To propose; to adduce; as, to bring forward arguments.
To bring home.
(a) To bring to one's house.
(b) To prove conclusively; as, to bring home a charge of
(c) To cause one to feel or appreciate by personal
(d) (Naut.) To lift of its place, as an anchor.
To bring in.
(a) To fetch from without; to import.
(b) To introduce, as a bill in a deliberative assembly.
(c) To return or repot to, or lay before, a court or other
body; to render; as, to bring in a verdict or a
(d) To take to an appointed place of deposit or
collection; as, to bring in provisions or money for a
(e) To produce, as income.
(f) To induce to join.
To bring off, to bear or convey away; to clear from
condemnation; to cause to escape.
To bring on.
(a) To cause to begin.
(b) To originate or cause to exist; as, to bring on a
To bring one on one's way, to accompany, guide, or attend
To bring out, to expose; to detect; to bring to light from
To bring over.
(a) To fetch or bear across.
(b) To convert by persuasion or other means; to cause to
change sides or an opinion.
To bring to.
(a) To resuscitate; to bring back to consciousness or
life, as a fainting person.
(b) (Naut.) To check the course of, as of a ship, by
dropping the anchor, or by counterbracing the sails so
as to keep her nearly stationary (she is then said to
(c) To cause (a vessel) to lie to, as by firing across her
(d) To apply a rope to the capstan.
To bring to light, to disclose; to discover; to make clear;
To bring a sail to (Naut.), to bend it to the yard.
To bring to pass, to accomplish to effect. "Trust also in
Him; and He shall bring it to pass." --Ps. xxxvii. 5.
To bring under, to subdue; to restrain; to reduce to
To bring up.
(a) To carry upward; to nurse; to rear; to educate.
(b) To cause to stop suddenly.
Note: [v. i. by dropping the reflexive pronoun] To stop
suddenly; to come to a standstill. [Colloq.]
To bring up (any one) with a round turn, to cause (any one)
to stop abruptly. [Colloq.]
To be brought to bed. See under Bed.
Syn: To fetch; bear; carry; convey; transport; import;
procure; produce; cause; adduce; induce.