The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Bed \Bed\, n. [AS. bed, bedd; akin to OS. bed, D. bed, bedde,
Icel. be?r, Dan. bed, Sw. b[aum]dd, Goth. badi, OHG. betti,
G. bett, bette, bed, beet a plat of ground; all of uncertain
1. An article of furniture to sleep or take rest in or on; a
couch. Specifically: A sack or mattress, filled with some
soft material, in distinction from the bedstead on which
it is placed (as, a feather bed), or this with the
bedclothes added. In a general sense, any thing or place
used for sleeping or reclining on or in, as a quantity of
hay, straw, leaves, or twigs.
And made for him [a horse] a leafy bed. --Byron.
I wash, wring, brew, bake, . . . make the beds.
In bed he slept not for my urging it. --Shak.
2. (Used as the symbol of matrimony) Marriage.
George, the eldest son of his second bed.
3. A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a
little raised above the adjoining ground. "Beds of
hyacinth and roses." --Milton.
4. A mass or heap of anything arranged like a bed; as, a bed
of ashes or coals.
5. The bottom of a watercourse, or of any body of water; as,
the bed of a river.
So sinks the daystar in the ocean bed. --Milton.
6. (Geol.) A layer or seam, or a horizontal stratum between
layers; as, a bed of coal, iron, etc.
7. (Gun.) See Gun carriage, and Mortar bed.
(a) The horizontal surface of a building stone; as, the
upper and lower beds.
(b) A course of stone or brick in a wall.
(c) The place or material in which a block or brick is
(d) The lower surface of a brick, slate, or tile.
9. (Mech.) The foundation or the more solid and fixed part or
framing of a machine; or a part on which something is laid
or supported; as, the bed of an engine.
10. The superficial earthwork, or ballast, of a railroad.
11. (Printing) The flat part of the press, on which the form
Note: Bed is much used adjectively or in combination; as, bed
key or bedkey; bed wrench or bedwrench; bedchamber;
Bed of justice (French Hist.), the throne (F. lit bed)
occupied by the king when sitting in one of his
parliaments (judicial courts); hence, a session of a
refractory parliament, at which the king was present for
the purpose of causing his decrees to be registered.
To be brought to bed, to be delivered of a child; -- often
followed by of; as, to be brought to bed of a son.
To make a bed, to prepare a bed; to arrange or put in order
a bed and its bedding.
From bed and board (Law), a phrase applied to a separation
by partial divorce of man and wife, without dissolving the
bonds of matrimony. If such a divorce (now commonly called
a judicial separation) be granted at the instance of the
wife, she may have alimony.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Bring \Bring\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Brought; p. pr. & vb. n.
Bringing.] [OE. bringen, AS. bringan; akin to OS. brengian,
D. brengen, Fries. brenga, OHG. bringan, G. bringen, Goth.
1. To convey to the place where the speaker is or is to be;
to bear from a more distant to a nearer place; to fetch.
And as she was going to fetch it, he called to her,
and said, Bring me, I pray thee, a morsel of bread.
To France shall we convey you safe,
And bring you back. --Shak.
2. To cause the accession or obtaining of; to procure; to
make to come; to produce; to draw to.
There is nothing will bring you more honor . . .
than to do what right in justice you may. --Bacon.
3. To convey; to move; to carry or conduct.
In distillation, the water . . . brings over with it
some part of the oil of vitriol. --Sir I.
4. To persuade; to induce; to draw; to lead; to guide.
It seems so preposterous a thing . . . that they do
not easily bring themselves to it. --Locke.
The nature of the things . . . would not suffer him
to think otherwise, how, or whensoever, he is
brought to reflect on them. --Locke.
5. To produce in exchange; to sell for; to fetch; as, what
does coal bring per ton?
To bring about, to bring to pass; to effect; to accomplish.
To bring back.
(a) To recall.
(b) To restore, as something borrowed, to its owner.
To bring by the lee (Naut.), to incline so rapidly to
leeward of the course, when a ship sails large, as to
bring the lee side suddenly to the windward, any by laying
the sails aback, expose her to danger of upsetting.
To bring down.
(a) To cause to come down.
(b) To humble or abase; as, to bring down high looks.
To bring down the house, to cause tremendous applause.
To bring forth.
(a) To produce, as young fruit.
(b) To bring to light; to make manifest.
To bring forward
(a) To exhibit; to introduce; to produce to view.
(b) To hasten; to promote; to forward.
(c) To propose; to adduce; as, to bring forward arguments.
To bring home.
(a) To bring to one's house.
(b) To prove conclusively; as, to bring home a charge of
(c) To cause one to feel or appreciate by personal
(d) (Naut.) To lift of its place, as an anchor.
To bring in.
(a) To fetch from without; to import.
(b) To introduce, as a bill in a deliberative assembly.
(c) To return or repot to, or lay before, a court or other
body; to render; as, to bring in a verdict or a
(d) To take to an appointed place of deposit or
collection; as, to bring in provisions or money for a
(e) To produce, as income.
(f) To induce to join.
To bring off, to bear or convey away; to clear from
condemnation; to cause to escape.
To bring on.
(a) To cause to begin.
(b) To originate or cause to exist; as, to bring on a
To bring one on one's way, to accompany, guide, or attend
To bring out, to expose; to detect; to bring to light from
To bring over.
(a) To fetch or bear across.
(b) To convert by persuasion or other means; to cause to
change sides or an opinion.
To bring to.
(a) To resuscitate; to bring back to consciousness or
life, as a fainting person.
(b) (Naut.) To check the course of, as of a ship, by
dropping the anchor, or by counterbracing the sails so
as to keep her nearly stationary (she is then said to
(c) To cause (a vessel) to lie to, as by firing across her
(d) To apply a rope to the capstan.
To bring to light, to disclose; to discover; to make clear;
To bring a sail to (Naut.), to bend it to the yard.
To bring to pass, to accomplish to effect. "Trust also in
Him; and He shall bring it to pass." --Ps. xxxvii. 5.
To bring under, to subdue; to restrain; to reduce to
To bring up.
(a) To carry upward; to nurse; to rear; to educate.
(b) To cause to stop suddenly.
Note: [v. i. by dropping the reflexive pronoun] To stop
suddenly; to come to a standstill. [Colloq.]
To bring up (any one) with a round turn, to cause (any one)
to stop abruptly. [Colloq.]
To be brought to bed. See under Bed.
Syn: To fetch; bear; carry; convey; transport; import;
procure; produce; cause; adduce; induce.