The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Timber \Tim"ber\, n. [AS. timbor, timber, wood, building; akin
to OFries. timber, D. timmer a room, G. zimmer, OHG. zimbar
timber, a dwelling, room, Icel. timbr timber, Sw. timmer,
Dan. t["o]mmer, Goth. timrjan to build, timrja a builder, L.
domus a house, Gr. ? house, ? to build, Skr. dama a house.
[root]62. Cf. Dome, Domestic.]
1. That sort of wood which is proper for buildings or for
tools, utensils, furniture, carriages, fences, ships, and
the like; -- usually said of felled trees, but sometimes
of those standing. Cf. Lumber, 3.
And ta'en my fiddle to the gate, . . .
And fiddled in the timber! --Tennyson.
2. The body, stem, or trunk of a tree.
3. Fig.: Material for any structure.
Such dispositions are the very errors of human
nature; and yet they are the fittest timber to make
politics of. --Bacon.
4. A single piece or squared stick of wood intended for
building, or already framed; collectively, the larger
pieces or sticks of wood, forming the framework of a
house, ship, or other structure, in distinction from the
covering or boarding.
So they prepared timber . . . to build the house.
--1 Kings v.
Many of the timbers were decayed. --W. Coxe.
5. Woods or forest; wooden land. [Western U. S.]
6. (Shipbuilding) A rib, or a curving piece of wood,
branching outward from the keel and bending upward in a
vertical direction. One timber is composed of several
Timber and room. (Shipbuilding) Same as Room and space.
See under Room.
Timber beetle (Zool.), any one of numerous species of
beetles the larvae of which bore in timber; as, the silky
timber beetle (Lymexylon sericeum).
Timber doodle (Zool.), the American woodcock. [Local, U.
Timber grouse (Zool.), any species of grouse that inhabits
woods, as the ruffed grouse and spruce partridge; --
distinguished from prairie grouse.
Timber hitch (Naut.), a kind of hitch used for temporarily
marking fast a rope to a spar. See Illust. under Hitch.
Timber mare, a kind of instrument upon which soldiers were
formerly compelled to ride for punishment. --Johnson.
Timber scribe, a metal tool or pointed instrument for
marking timber. --Simmonds.
Timber sow. (Zool.) Same as Timber worm, below. --Bacon.
Timber tree, a tree suitable for timber.
Timber worm (Zool.), any larval insect which burrows in
Timber yard, a yard or place where timber is deposited.