The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Tiger \Ti"ger\, n. [OE. tigre, F. tigre, L. tigris, Gr. ti`gris;
probably of Persian origin; cf. Zend tighra pointed, tighri
an arrow, Per. t[imac]r; perhaps akin to E. stick, v. t.; --
probably so named from its quickness.]
1. A very large and powerful carnivore (Felis tigris)
native of Southern Asia and the East Indies. Its back and
sides are tawny or rufous yellow, transversely striped
with black, the tail is ringed with black, the throat and
belly are nearly white. When full grown, it equals or
exceeds the lion in size and strength. Called also royal
tiger, and Bengal tiger.
2. Fig.: A ferocious, bloodthirsty person.
As for heinous tiger, Tamora. --Shak.
3. A servant in livery, who rides with his master or
4. A kind of growl or screech, after cheering; as, three
cheers and a tiger. [Colloq. U. S.]
5. A pneumatic box or pan used in refining sugar.
American tiger. (Zool.)
(a) The puma.
(b) The jaguar.
Clouded tiger (Zool.), a handsome striped and spotted
carnivore (Felis macrocelis or Felis marmorata) native
of the East Indies and Southern Asia. Its body is about
three and a half feet long, and its tail about three feet
long. Its ground color is brownish gray, and the dark
markings are irregular stripes, spots, and rings, but
there are always two dark bands on the face, one extending
back from the eye, and one from the angle of the mouth.
Called also tortoise-shell tiger.
Mexican tiger (Zool.), the jaguar.
Tiger beetle (Zool.), any one of numerous species of active
carnivorous beetles of the family Cicindelidae. They
usually inhabit dry or sandy places, and fly rapidly.
Tiger bittern. (Zool.) See Sun bittern, under Sun.
Tiger cat (Zool.), any one of several species of wild cats
of moderate size with dark transverse bars or stripes
somewhat resembling those of the tiger.
Tiger flower (Bot.), an iridaceous plant of the genus
Tigridia (as Tigridia conchiflora, Tigridia
grandiflora, etc.) having showy flowers, spotted or
streaked somewhat like the skin of a tiger.
Tiger grass (Bot.), a low East Indian fan palm (Chamaerops
Ritchieana). It is used in many ways by the natives. --J.
Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).
Tiger lily. (Bot.) See under Lily.
Tiger moth (Zool.), any one of numerous species of moths of
the family Arctiadae which are striped or barred with
black and white or with other conspicuous colors. The
larvae are called woolly bears.
Tiger shark (Zool.), a voracious shark (Galeocerdo
tigrinus syn. Galeocerdo maculatus) more or less barred
or spotted with yellow. It is found in both the Atlantic
and Indian Ocean. Called also zebra shark.
Tiger shell (Zool.), a large and conspicuously spotted
cowrie (Cypraea tigris); -- so called from its fancied
resemblance to a tiger in color and markings. Called also
Tiger snake (Zool.), either of two very venomous snakes of
Tasmania and Australia, Notechis scutatis and Notechis
ater, which grow up to 5 feet in length.
Tiger wolf (Zool.), the spotted hyena (Hyaena crocuta).
Tiger wood, the variegated heartwood of a tree (Machaerium
Schomburgkii) found in Guiana.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Wolf \Wolf\, n.; pl. Wolves. [OE. wolf, wulf, AS. wulf; akin
to OS. wulf, D. & G. wolf, Icel. [=u]lfr, Sw. ulf, Dan. ulv,
Goth. wulfs, Lith. vilkas, Russ. volk', L. lupus, Gr. ly`kos,
Skr. v[.r]ka; also to Gr. "e`lkein to draw, drag, tear in
pieces. [root]286. Cf. Lupine, a., Lyceum.]
1. (Zool.) Any one of several species of wild and savage
carnivores belonging to the genus Canis and closely
allied to the common dog. The best-known and most
destructive species are the European wolf (Canis lupus),
the American gray, or timber, wolf (Canis occidentalis),
and the prairie wolf, or coyote. Wolves often hunt in
packs, and may thus attack large animals and even man.
2. (Zool.) One of the destructive, and usually hairy, larvae
of several species of beetles and grain moths; as, the bee
3. Fig.: Any very ravenous, rapacious, or destructive person
or thing; especially, want; starvation; as, they toiled
hard to keep the wolf from the door.
4. A white worm, or maggot, which infests granaries.
5. An eating ulcer or sore. Cf. Lupus. [Obs.]
If God should send a cancer upon thy face, or a wolf
into thy side. --Jer. Taylor.
(a) The harsh, howling sound of some of the chords on an
organ or piano tuned by unequal temperament.
(b) In bowed instruments, a harshness due to defective
vibration in certain notes of the scale.
7. (Textile Manuf.) A willying machine. --Knight.
Black wolf. (Zool.)
(a) A black variety of the European wolf which is common
in the Pyrenees.
(b) A black variety of the American gray wolf.
Golden wolf (Zool.), the Thibetan wolf (Canis laniger);
-- called also chanco.
Indian wolf (Zool.), an Asiatic wolf (Canis pallipes)
which somewhat resembles a jackal. Called also landgak.
Prairie wolf (Zool.), the coyote.
Sea wolf. (Zool.) See in the Vocabulary.
Strand wolf (Zool.) the striped hyena.
Tasmanian wolf (Zool.), the zebra wolf.
Tiger wolf (Zool.), the spotted hyena.
To keep the wolf from the door, to keep away poverty; to
prevent starvation. See Wolf, 3, above. --Tennyson.
Wolf dog. (Zool.)
(a) The mastiff, or shepherd dog, of the Pyrenees,
supposed by some authors to be one of the ancestors of
the St. Bernard dog.
(b) The Irish greyhound, supposed to have been used
formerly by the Danes for chasing wolves.
(c) A dog bred between a dog and a wolf, as the Eskimo
Wolf eel (Zool.), a wolf fish.
Wolf fish (Zool.), any one of several species of large,
voracious marine fishes of the genus Anarrhichas,
especially the common species (Anarrhichas lupus) of
Europe and North America. These fishes have large teeth
and powerful jaws. Called also catfish, sea cat, sea
wolf, stone biter, and swinefish.
Wolf net, a kind of net used in fishing, which takes great
numbers of fish.
Wolf's peach (Bot.), the tomato, or love apple
Wolf spider (Zool.), any one of numerous species of running
ground spiders belonging to the genus Lycosa, or family
Lycosidae. These spiders run about rapidly in search of
their prey. Most of them are plain brown or blackish in
color. See Illust. in App.
Zebra wolf (Zool.), a savage carnivorous marsupial
(Thylacinus cynocephalus) native of Tasmania; -- called
also Tasmanian wolf.