The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Scarlet \Scar"let\, a.
Of the color called scarlet; as, a scarlet cloth or thread.
Scarlet admiral (Zool.), the red admiral. See under Red.
-- Scarlet bean (Bot.), a kind of bean (Phaseolus
multiflorus) having scarlet flowers; scarlet runner.
Scarlet fever (Med.), a contagious febrile disease
characterized by inflammation of the fauces and a scarlet
rash, appearing usually on the second day, and ending in
desquamation about the sixth or seventh day.
Scarlet fish (Zool.), the telescope fish; -- so called from
its red color. See under Telescope.
Scarlet ibis (Zool.) See under Ibis.
Scarlet maple (Bot.), the red maple. See Maple.
Scarlet mite (Zool.), any one of numerous species of bright
red carnivorous mites found among grass and moss,
especially Thombidium holosericeum and allied species.
The young are parasitic upon spiders and insects.
Scarlet oak (Bot.), a species of oak (Quercus coccinea)
of the United States; -- so called from the scarlet color
of its leaves in autumn.
Scarlet runner (Bot.), the scarlet bean.
Scarlet tanager. (Zool.) See under Tanager.