The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Sal \Sal\ (s[a^]l), n. [L. See Salt.] (Chem. & Pharm.)
Sal absinthii [NL.] (Old Chem.), an impure potassium
carbonate obtained from the ashes of wormwood (Artemisia
Sal acetosellae [NL.] (Old Chem.), salt of sorrel.
Sal alembroth. (Old Chem.) See Alembroth.
Sal ammoniac (Chem.), ammonium chloride, NH4Cl, a white
crystalline volatile substance having a sharp salty taste,
obtained from gas works, from nitrogenous matter, etc. It
is largely employed as a source of ammonia, as a reagent,
and as an expectorant in bronchitis. So called because
originally made from the soot from camel's dung at the
temple of Jupiter Ammon in Africa. Called also muriate of
Sal catharticus [NL.] (Old Med. Chem.), Epsom salts.
Sal culinarius [L.] (Old Chem.), common salt, or sodium
Sal Cyrenaicus. [NL.] (Old Chem.) See Sal ammoniac above.
Sal de duobus, Sal duplicatum [NL.] (Old Chem.),
potassium sulphate; -- so called because erroneously
supposed to be composed of two salts, one acid and one
Sal diureticus [NL.] (Old Med. Chem.), potassium acetate.
Sal enixum [NL.] (Old Chem.), acid potassium sulphate.
Sal gemmae [NL.] (Old Min.), common salt occuring native.
Sal Jovis [NL.] (Old Chem.), salt tin, or stannic chloride;
-- the alchemical name of tin being Jove.
Sal Martis [NL.] (Old Chem.), green vitriol, or ferrous
sulphate; -- the alchemical name of iron being Mars.
Sal microcosmicum [NL.] (Old Chem.) See Microcosmic salt,
Sal plumbi [NL.] (Old Chem.), sugar of lead.
Sal prunella. (Old Chem.) See Prunella salt, under 1st
Sal Saturni [NL.] (Old Chem.), sugar of lead, or lead
acetate; -- the alchemical name of lead being Saturn.
Sal sedativus [NL.] (Old Chem.), sedative salt, or boric
Sal Seignette [F. seignette, sel de seignette] (Chem.),
Sal soda (Chem.), sodium carbonate. See under Sodium.
Sal vitrioli [NL.] (Old Chem.), white vitriol; zinc
Sal volatile. [NL.]
(a) (Chem.) See Sal ammoniac, above.
(b) Spirits of ammonia.