The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Rose \Rose\, n. [AS. rose, L. rosa, probably akin to Gr. ?,
Armor. vard, OPer. vareda; and perhaps to E. wort: cf. F.
rose, from the Latin. Cf. Copperas, Rhododendron.]
1. A flower and shrub of any species of the genus Rosa, of
which there are many species, mostly found in the morthern
Note: Roses are shrubs with pinnate leaves and usually
prickly stems. The flowers are large, and in the wild
state have five petals of a color varying from deep
pink to white, or sometimes yellow. By cultivation and
hybridizing the number of petals is greatly increased
and the natural perfume enhanced. In this way many
distinct classes of roses have been formed, as the
Banksia, Baurbon, Boursalt, China, Noisette, hybrid
perpetual, etc., with multitudes of varieties in nearly
2. A knot of ribbon formed like a rose; a rose knot; a
rosette, esp. one worn on a shoe. --Sha.
3. (Arch.) A rose window. See Rose window, below.
4. A perforated nozzle, as of a pipe, spout, etc., for
delivering water in fine jets; a rosehead; also, a
strainer at the foot of a pump.
5. (Med.) The erysipelas. --Dunglison.
6. The card of the mariner's compass; also, a circular card
with radiating lines, used in other instruments.
7. The color of a rose; rose-red; pink.
8. A diamond. See Rose diamond, below.
Cabbage rose, China rose, etc. See under Cabbage,
Corn rose (Bot.) See Corn poppy, under Corn.
Infantile rose (Med.), a variety of roseola.
Jamaica rose. (Bot.) See under Jamaica.
Rose acacia (Bot.), a low American leguminous shrub
(Robinia hispida) with handsome clusters of rose-colored
Rose aniline. (Chem.) Same as Rosaniline.
Rose apple (Bot.), the fruit of the tropical myrtaceous
tree Eugenia Jambos. It is an edible berry an inch or
more in diameter, and is said to have a very strong
Rose beetle. (Zool.)
(a) A small yellowish or buff longlegged beetle
(Macrodactylus subspinosus), which eats the leaves
of various plants, and is often very injurious to
rosebushes, apple trees, grapevines, etc. Called also
rose bug, and rose chafer.
(b) The European chafer.
Rose bug. (Zool.) same as Rose beetle, Rose chafer.
Rose burner, a kind of gas-burner producing a rose-shaped
Rose camphor (Chem.), a solid odorless substance which
separates from rose oil.
Rose campion. (Bot.) See under Campion.
Rose catarrh (Med.), rose cold.
Rose chafer. (Zool.)
(a) A common European beetle (Cetonia aurata) which is
often very injurious to rosebushes; -- called also
rose beetle, and rose fly.
(b) The rose beetle
Rose cold (Med.), a variety of hay fever, sometimes
attributed to the inhalation of the effluvia of roses. See
Hay fever, under Hay.
Rose color, the color of a rose; pink; hence, a beautiful
hue or appearance; fancied beauty, attractiveness, or
Rose de Pompadour, Rose du Barry, names succesively given
to a delicate rose color used on S[`e]vres porcelain.
Rose diamond, a diamond, one side of which is flat, and the
other cut into twenty-four triangular facets in two ranges
which form a convex face pointed at the top. Cf.
Rose ear. See under Ear.
Rose elder (Bot.), the Guelder-rose.
Rose engine, a machine, or an appendage to a turning lathe,
by which a surface or wood, metal, etc., is engraved with
a variety of curved lines. --Craig.
Rose family (Bot.) the Roseceae. See Rosaceous.
Rose fever (Med.), rose cold.
Rose fly (Zool.), a rose betle, or rose chafer.
Rose gall (Zool.), any gall found on rosebushes. See
Rose knot, a ribbon, or other pliade band plaited so as to
resemble a rose; a rosette.
Rose lake, Rose madder, a rich tint prepared from lac and
madder precipitated on an earthy basis. --Fairholt.
Rose mallow. (Bot.)
(a) A name of several malvaceous plants of the genus
Hibiscus, with large rose-colored flowers.
(b) the hollyhock.
Rose nail, a nail with a convex, faceted head.
Rose noble, an ancient English gold coin, stamped with the
figure of a rose, first struck in the reign of Edward
III., and current at 6s. 8d. --Sir W. Scott.
Rose of China. (Bot.) See China rose
(b), under China.
Rose of Jericho (Bot.), a Syrian cruciferous plant
(Anastatica Hierochuntica) which rolls up when dry, and
expands again when moistened; -- called also resurrection
Rose of Sharon (Bot.), an ornamental malvaceous shrub
(Hibiscus Syriacus). In the Bible the name is used for
some flower not yet identified, perhaps a Narcissus, or
possibly the great lotus flower.
Rose oil (Chem.), the yellow essential oil extracted from
various species of rose blossoms, and forming the chief
part of attar of roses.
Rose pink, a pigment of a rose color, made by dyeing chalk
or whiting with a decoction of Brazil wood and alum; also,
the color of the pigment.
Rose quartz (Min.), a variety of quartz which is rose-red.
Rose rash. (Med.) Same as Roseola.
Rose slug (Zool.), the small green larva of a black sawfly
(Selandria rosae). These larvae feed in groups on the
parenchyma of the leaves of rosebushes, and are often
abundant and very destructive.
Rose window (Arch.), a circular window filled with
ornamental tracery. Called also Catherine wheel, and
marigold window. Cf. wheel window, under Wheel.
Summer rose (Med.), a variety of roseola. See Roseola.
Under the rose [a translation of L. sub rosa], in secret;
privately; in a manner that forbids disclosure; -- the
rose being among the ancients the symbol of secrecy, and
hung up at entertainments as a token that nothing there
said was to be divulged.
Wars of the Roses (Eng. Hist.), feuds between the Houses of
York and Lancaster, the white rose being the badge of the
House of York, and the red rose of the House of Lancaster.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Ear \Ear\ ([=e]r), n. [AS. e['a]re; akin to OFries. ['a]re,
['a]r, OS. [=o]ra, D. oor, OHG. [=o]ra, G. ohr, Icel. eyra,
Sw. ["o]ra, Dan. ["o]re, Goth. auso, L. auris, Lith. ausis,
Russ. ukho, Gr. o'y^s; cf. L. audire to hear, Gr. 'ai`ein,
Skr. av to favor, protect. Cf. Auricle, Orillon.]
1. The organ of hearing; the external ear.
Note: In man and the higher vertebrates, the organ of hearing
is very complicated, and is divisible into three parts:
the external ear, which includes the pinna or auricle
and meatus or external opening; the middle ear, drum,
or tympanum; and the internal ear, or labyrinth. The
middle ear is a cavity connected by the Eustachian tube
with the pharynx, separated from the opening of the
external ear by the tympanic membrane, and containing a
chain of three small bones, or ossicles, named malleus,
incus, and stapes, which connect this membrane with the
internal ear. The essential part of the internal ear
where the fibers of the auditory nerve terminate, is
the membranous labyrinth, a complicated system of sacs
and tubes filled with a fluid (the endolymph), and
lodged in a cavity, called the bony labyrinth, in the
periotic bone. The membranous labyrinth does not
completely fill the bony labyrinth, but is partially
suspended in it in a fluid (the perilymph). The bony
labyrinth consists of a central cavity, the vestibule,
into which three semicircular canals and the canal of
the cochlea (spirally coiled in mammals) open. The
vestibular portion of the membranous labyrinth consists
of two sacs, the utriculus and sacculus, connected by a
narrow tube, into the former of which three membranous
semicircular canals open, while the latter is connected
with a membranous tube in the cochlea containing the
organ of Corti. By the help of the external ear the
sonorous vibrations of the air are concentrated upon
the tympanic membrane and set it vibrating, the chain
of bones in the middle ear transmits these vibrations
to the internal ear, where they cause certain delicate
structures in the organ of Corti, and other parts of
the membranous labyrinth, to stimulate the fibers of
the auditory nerve to transmit sonorous impulses to the
2. The sense of hearing; the perception of sounds; the power
of discriminating between different tones; as, a nice ear
for music; -- in the singular only.
Songs . . . not all ungrateful to thine ear.
3. That which resembles in shape or position the ear of an
animal; any prominence or projection on an object, --
usually one for support or attachment; a lug; a handle;
as, the ears of a tub, a skillet, or dish. The ears of a
boat are outside kneepieces near the bow. See Illust. of
(a) Same as Acroterium.
(b) Same as Crossette.
5. Privilege of being kindly heard; favor; attention.
Dionysius . . . would give no ear to his suit.
Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears.
About the ears, in close proximity to; near at hand.
By the ears, in close contest; as, to set by the ears; to
fall together by the ears; to be by the ears.
Button ear (in dogs), an ear which falls forward and
completely hides the inside.
Ear finger, the little finger.
Ear of Dionysius, a kind of ear trumpet with a flexible
tube; -- named from the Sicilian tyrant, who constructed a
device to overhear the prisoners in his dungeons.
Ear sand (Anat.), otoliths. See Otolith.
Ear snail (Zo["o]l.), any snail of the genus Auricula and
Ear stones (Anat.), otoliths. See Otolith.
Ear trumpet, an instrument to aid in hearing. It consists
of a tube broad at the outer end, and narrowing to a
slender extremity which enters the ear, thus collecting
and intensifying sounds so as to assist the hearing of a
partially deaf person.
Ear vesicle (Zo["o]l.), a simple auditory organ, occurring
in many worms, mollusks, etc. It consists of a small sac
containing a fluid and one or more solid concretions or
Rose ear (in dogs), an ear which folds backward and shows
part of the inside.
To give ear to, to listen to; to heed, as advice or one
advising. "Give ear unto my song." --Goldsmith.
To have one's ear, to be listened to with favor.
Up to the ears, deeply submerged; almost overwhelmed; as,
to be in trouble up to one's ears. [Colloq.]