Search Result for "recognizance": 
Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (1)

1. (law) a security entered into before a court with a condition to perform some act required by law; on failure to perform that act a sum is forfeited;
[syn: recognizance, recognisance]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Recognizance \Re*cog"ni*zance\ (r[-e]*k[o^]g"n[i^]*zans or r[-e]*k[o^]n"[i^]-), n. [F. reconnaissance, OF. recognoissance, fr. recognoissant, p. pr. of recognoistre to recognize, F. reconna[^i]tre, fr. L. recognoscere; pref. re- re- + cognoscere to know. See Cognizance, Know, and cf. Recognize, Reconnoissance.] [Written also recognisance.] 1. (Law) (a) An obligation of record entered into before some court of record or magistrate duly authorized, with condition to do some particular act, as to appear at the same or some other court, to keep the peace, or pay a debt. A recognizance differs from a bond, being witnessed by the record only, and not by the party's seal. (b) The verdict of a jury impaneled upon assize. --Cowell. [1913 Webster] Note: Among lawyers the g in this and the related words (except recognize) is usually silent. [1913 Webster] 2. A token; a symbol; a pledge; a badge. [1913 Webster] That recognizance and pledge of love Which I first gave her. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. Acknowledgment of a person or thing; avowal; profession; recognition. [1913 Webster]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

recognizance n 1: (law) a security entered into before a court with a condition to perform some act required by law; on failure to perform that act a sum is forfeited [syn: recognizance, recognisance]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

52 Moby Thesaurus words for "recognizance": agreement, arrangement, bail, bond, commitment, contract, contract by deed, contract of record, contract quasi, covenant of indemnity, debenture, debenture bond, deed, deed of trust, deed poll, earnest, earnest money, engagement, escrow, formal contract, gage, group policy, handsel, hock, hostage, implied contract, indent, indenture, insurance policy, mainprise, mortgage deed, obligation, parol contract, pawn, pignus, pledge, policy, preengagement, promissory note, replevin, replevy, special contract, specialty, specialty contract, surety, title deed, token payment, understanding, undertaking, vadimonium, vadium, verbal agreement
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):

RECOGNIZANCE, contracts. An obligation of record entered into before a court or officer duly authorized for that purpose, with a condition to do some act required by law, which is therein specified. 2 Bl. Com. 341; Bro. Ab. h.t.; Dick. Just. h.t.; 1 Chit. Cr. Law, 90. 2. Recognizances relate either to criminal or civil matters. 1. Recognizances in criminal cases, are either that the party shall appear before the proper court to answer to such charges as are or shall be made against him, that he shall keep the peace or be of good behaviour. Witnesses are also required to be bound in a recognizance to testify. 3.-2. In civil cases, recognizances are entered into by bail, conditioned that they will pay the debt, interest and costs recovered by the plaintiff under certain contingencies. There are also cases where recognizances are entered into under the authority and requirements of statutes. 4. As to the form. The party need not sign it; the court, judge or magistrate having authority to take the same, makes a short memorandum on the record, which is sufficient. 2 Binn. R. 481; 1 Chit. Cr. Law, 90; 2 Wash. C. C. R. 422; 9 Mass. 520; 1 Dana, 523; 1 Tyler, 291; 4 Vern. 488; 1 Stew. & Port. 465; 7 Vern. 529; 2 A. R. Marsh. 131; 5 S. & R. 147; Vide generally, Com. Dig. Forcible Entry, D 27; Id. Obligation, K; Whart. Dig. h.t. Vin. Ab. h.t.; Rolle's Ab. h.t.; 2 Wash. C. C. Rep. 422; Id. 29; 2 Yeates, R. 437; 1 Binn. R. 98, note 1 Serg. & Rawle, 328 3 Yeates, R. 93; Burn. Just. h.t. Vin. Ab. h.t.; 2 Sell. Pract. 45.