The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Receive \Re*ceive"\ (r[-e]*s[=e]v"), v. t. [imp. & p. p.
Received (r[-e]*s[=e]vd"); p. pr. & vb. n. Receiving.]
[OF. receveir, recevoir, F. recevoir, fr. L. recipere; pref.
re- re- + capere to take, seize. See Capable, Heave, and
cf. Receipt, Reception, Recipe.]
1. To take, as something that is offered, given, committed,
sent, paid, or the like; to accept; as, to receive money
offered in payment of a debt; to receive a gift, a
message, or a letter.
Receyven all in gree that God us sent. --Chaucer.
2. Hence: To gain the knowledge of; to take into the mind by
assent to; to give admission to; to accept, as an opinion,
notion, etc.; to embrace.
Our hearts receive your warnings. --Shak.
The idea of solidity we receive by our touch.
3. To allow, as a custom, tradition, or the like; to give
credence or acceptance to.
Many other things there be which they have received
to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots. --Mark
4. To give admittance to; to permit to enter, as into one's
house, presence, company, and the like; as, to receive a
lodger, visitor, ambassador, messenger, etc.
They kindled a fire, and received us every one.
5. To admit; to take in; to hold; to contain; to have
capacity for; to be able to take in.
The brazen altar that was before the Lord was too
little to receive the burnt offerings. --1 Kings
6. To be affected by something; to suffer; to be subjected
to; as, to receive pleasure or pain; to receive a wound or
a blow; to receive damage.
Against his will he can receive no harm. --Milton.
7. To take from a thief, as goods known to be stolen.
8. (Lawn Tennis) To bat back (the ball) when served.
Receiving ship, one on board of which newly recruited
sailors are received, and kept till drafted for service.
Syn: To accept; take; allow; hold; retain; admit.
Usage: Receive, Accept. To receive describes simply the
act of taking. To accept denotes the taking with
approval, or for the purposes for which a thing is
offered. Thus, we receive a letter when it comes to
hand; we receive news when it reaches us; we accept a
present when it is offered; we accept an invitation to
dine with a friend.
Who, if we knew
What we receive, would either not accept
Life offered, or soon beg to lay it down.