1. [syn: canyon oak, canyon live oak, maul oak, iron oak, Quercus chrysolepis]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Oak \Oak\ ([=o]k), n. [OE. oke, ok, ak, AS. [=a]c; akin to D.
eik, G. eiche, OHG. eih, Icel. eik, Sw. ek, Dan. eeg.]
1. (Bot.) Any tree or shrub of the genus Quercus. The oaks
have alternate leaves, often variously lobed, and
staminate flowers in catkins. The fruit is a smooth nut,
called an acorn, which is more or less inclosed in a
scaly involucre called the cup or cupule. There are now
recognized about three hundred species, of which nearly
fifty occur in the United States, the rest in Europe,
Asia, and the other parts of North America, a very few
barely reaching the northern parts of South America and
Africa. Many of the oaks form forest trees of grand
proportions and live many centuries. The wood is usually
hard and tough, and provided with conspicuous medullary
rays, forming the silver grain.
2. The strong wood or timber of the oak.
Note: Among the true oaks in America are:
Barren oak, or
Black-jack, Quercus nigra.
Basket oak, Quercus Michauxii.
Black oak, Quercus tinctoria; -- called also yellow oak
or quercitron oak.
Bur oak (see under Bur.), Quercus macrocarpa; -- called
also over-cup or mossy-cup oak.
Chestnut oak, Quercus Prinus and Quercus densiflora.
Chinquapin oak (see under Chinquapin), Quercus
Coast live oak, Quercus agrifolia, of California; -- also
Live oak (see under Live), Quercus virens, the best of
all for shipbuilding; also, Quercus Chrysolepis, of
Pin oak. Same as Swamp oak.
Post oak, Quercus obtusifolia.
Red oak, Quercus rubra.
Scarlet oak, Quercus coccinea.
Scrub oak, Quercus ilicifolia, Quercus undulata, etc.
Shingle oak, Quercus imbricaria.
Spanish oak, Quercus falcata.
Swamp Spanish oak, or
Pin oak, Quercus palustris.
Swamp white oak, Quercus bicolor.
Water oak, Quercus aquatica.
Water white oak, Quercus lyrata.
Willow oak, Quercus Phellos.
[1913 Webster] Among the true oaks in Europe are:
Bitter oak, or
Turkey oak, Quercus Cerris (see Cerris).
Cork oak, Quercus Suber.
English white oak, Quercus Robur.
Holly oak, or
Holm oak, Quercus Ilex.
Kermes oak, Quercus coccifera.
Nutgall oak, Quercus infectoria.
Note: Among plants called oak, but not of the genus
African oak, a valuable timber tree (Oldfieldia
Australian oak or She oak, any tree of the genus
Casuarina (see Casuarina).
Indian oak, the teak tree (see Teak).
Jerusalem oak. See under Jerusalem.
New Zealand oak, a sapindaceous tree (Alectryon
Poison oak, a shrub once not distinguished from poison ivy,
but now restricted to Rhus toxicodendron or Rhus
Silky oak or Silk-bark oak, an Australian tree
Green oak, oak wood colored green by the growth of the
mycelium of certain fungi.
Oak apple, a large, smooth, round gall produced on the
leaves of the American red oak by a gallfly (Cynips
confluens). It is green and pulpy when young.
Oak beauty (Zool.), a British geometrid moth (Biston
prodromaria) whose larva feeds on the oak.
Oak gall, a gall found on the oak. See 2d Gall.
Oak leather (Bot.), the mycelium of a fungus which forms
leatherlike patches in the fissures of oak wood.
Oak pruner. (Zool.) See Pruner, the insect.
Oak spangle, a kind of gall produced on the oak by the
insect Diplolepis lenticularis.
Oak wart, a wartlike gall on the twigs of an oak.
The Oaks, one of the three great annual English horse races
(the Derby and St. Leger being the others). It was
instituted in 1779 by the Earl of Derby, and so called
from his estate.
To sport one's oak, to be "not at home to visitors,"
signified by closing the outer (oaken) door of one's
rooms. [Cant, Eng. Univ.]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Live \Live\ (l[imac]v), a. [Abbreviated from alive. See Alive,
1. Having life; alive; living; not dead.
If one man's ox hurt another's, that he die; then
they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of
it. --Ex. xxi. 35.
2. Being in a state of ignition; burning; having active
properties; as, a live coal; live embers. " The live
3. Full of earnestness; active; wide awake; glowing; as, a
live man, or orator.
4. Vivid; bright. " The live carnation." --Thomson.
5. (Engin.) Imparting power; having motion; as, the live
spindle of a lathe; live steam.
6. (Elec.) Connected to a voltage source; as, a live wire.
7. (Broadcasting) Being transmitted instantaneously, as
events occur, in contrast to recorded.
8. (Sport) Still in active play; -- of a ball being used in a
game; as, a live ball.
9. Pertaining to an entertainment event which was performed
(and possibly recorded) in front of an audience;
contrasted to performances recorded in a studio without an
Live birth, the condition of being born in such a state
that acts of life are manifested after the extrusion of
the whole body. --Dunglison.
Live box, a cell for holding living objects under
microscopical examination. --P. H. Gosse.
Live feathers, feathers which have been plucked from the
living bird, and are therefore stronger and more elastic.
Live gang. (Sawing) See under Gang.
Live grass (Bot.), a grass of the genus Eragrostis.
Live load (Engin.), a suddenly applied load; a varying
load; a moving load; as a moving train of cars on a
bridge, or wind pressure on a roof.
Live oak (Bot.), a species of oak (Quercus virens),
growing in the Southern States, of great durability, and
highly esteemed for ship timber. In California the
Quercus chrysolepis and some other species are also
called live oaks.
Live ring (Engin.), a circular train of rollers upon which
a swing bridge, or turntable, rests, and which travels
around a circular track when the bridge or table turns.
Live steam, steam direct from the boiler, used for any
purpose, in distinction from exhaust steam.
Live stock, horses, cattle, and other domestic animals kept
on a farm. whole body.
(a) (Elec.) a wire connected to a power source, having a
voltage potential; -- used esp. of a power line with a
high potential relative to ground, capable of harming
a person who touches it.
(b) (Fig.) a person who is unusually active, alert, or
[1913 Webster +PJC]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: medium-sized evergreen of southwestern United States and
northwestern Mexico with oblong leathery often spiny-edged
leaves [syn: canyon oak, canyon live oak, maul oak,
iron oak, Quercus chrysolepis]