The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Pole \Pole\, n. [As. p[=a]l, L. palus, akin to pangere to make
fast. Cf. Pale a stake, Pact.]
1. A long, slender piece of wood; a tall, slender piece of
timber; the stem of a small tree whose branches have been
removed; as, specifically:
(a) A carriage pole, a wooden bar extending from the front
axle of a carriage between the wheel horses, by which
the carriage is guided and held back.
(b) A flag pole, a pole on which a flag is supported.
(c) A Maypole. See Maypole.
(d) A barber's pole, a pole painted in stripes, used as a
sign by barbers and hairdressers.
(e) A pole on which climbing beans, hops, or other vines,
2. A measuring stick; also, a measure of length equal to 5?
yards, or a square measure equal to 30? square yards; a
rod; a perch. --Bacon.
Pole bean (Bot.), any kind of bean which is customarily
trained on poles, as the scarlet runner or the Lima bean.
Pole flounder (Zool.), a large deep-water flounder
(Glyptocephalus cynoglossus), native of the northern
coasts of Europe and America, and much esteemed as a food
fish; -- called also craig flounder, and pole fluke.
Pole lathe, a simple form of lathe, or a substitute for a
lathe, in which the work is turned by means of a cord
passing around it, one end being fastened to the treadle,
and the other to an elastic pole above.
Pole mast (Naut.), a mast formed from a single piece or
from a single tree.
Pole of a lens (Opt.), the point where the principal axis
meets the surface.
Pole plate (Arch.), a horizontal timber resting on the
tiebeams of a roof and receiving the ends of the rafters.
It differs from the plate in not resting on the wall.