The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Paternal \Pa*ter"nal\, a. [L. paternus, fr. pater a father: cf.
F. paternel. See Father.]
1. Of or pertaining to a father; fatherly; showing the
disposition of a father; guiding or instructing as a
father; as, paternal care. "Under paternal rule."
2. Received or derived from a father; hereditary; as, a
Their small paternal field of corn. --Dryden.
Paternal government (Polit. Science), the assumption by the
governing power of a quasi-fatherly relation to the
people, involving strict and intimate supervision of their
business and social concerns, upon the theory that they
are incapable of managing their own affairs.