[syn: passive, peaceful]
3. expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb;
- Example: "academics seem to favor passive sentences"
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Passive \Pas"sive\, a. [L. passivus: cf. F. passif. See
1. Not active, but acted upon; suffering or receiving
impressions or influences; as, they were passive
spectators, not actors in the scene.
The passive air
Upbore their nimble tread. --Milton.
The mind is wholly passive in the reception of all
its simple ideas. --Locke.
2. Receiving or enduring without either active sympathy or
active resistance; without emotion or excitement; patient;
not opposing; unresisting; as, passive obedience; passive
The best virtue, passive fortitude. --Massinger.
3. (Chem.) Inactive; inert; unreactive; not showing strong
affinity; as, red phosphorus is comparatively passive.
4. (Med.) Designating certain morbid conditions, as
hemorrhage or dropsy, characterized by relaxation of the
vessels and tissues, with deficient vitality and lack of
reaction in the affected tissues.
Passive congestion (Med.), congestion due to obstruction to
the return of the blood from the affected part.
Passive iron (Chem.), iron which has been subjected to the
action of heat, of strong nitric acid, chlorine, etc. It
is then not easily acted upon by acids.
Passive movement (Med.), a movement of a part, in order to
exercise it, made without the assistance of the muscles
which ordinarily move the part.
Passive obedience (as used by writers on government),
obedience or submission of the subject or citizen as a
duty in all cases to the existing government.
Passive prayer, among mystic divines, a suspension of the
activity of the soul or intellectual faculties, the soul
remaining quiet, and yielding only to the impulses of
Passive verb, or Passive voice (Gram.), a verb, or form
of a verb, which expresses the effect of the action of
some agent; as, in Latin, doceor, I am taught; in English,
she is loved; the picture is admired by all; he is
assailed by slander.
Syn: Inactive; inert; quiescent; unresisting; unopposing;
suffering; enduring; submissive; patient.
[1913 Webster] Passive balloon
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
adj 1: lacking in energy or will; "Much benevolence of the
passive order may be traced to a disinclination to
inflict pain upon oneself"- George Meredith [syn:
passive, inactive] [ant: active]
2: peacefully resistant in response to injustice; "passive
resistance" [syn: passive, peaceful]
3: expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of
the action denoted by the verb; "academics seem to favor
passive sentences" [ant: active]
n 1: the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of
the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action
denoted by the verb; "`The ball was thrown by the boy' uses
the passive voice"; "`The ball was thrown' is an
abbreviated passive" [syn: passive voice, passive]
[ant: active, active voice]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
211 Moby Thesaurus words for "passive":
Laodicean, Olympian, abeyant, abject, accepting, accommodating,
acquiescent, active, active voice, adapting, adaptive, adjusting,
agreeable, aloof, amenable, apathetic, asleep, assenting, bearing,
benumbed, blah, blank, blankminded, blase, bovine, calm,
cataleptic, catatonic, centrist, comatose, complaisant, compliable,
compliant, complying, consenting, contemplative, cool, dead,
deferential, desensitized, detached, disinterested, dispassionate,
do-nothing, docile, dopey, dormant, dull, empty, empty-headed,
enduring, even, fatuous, fifty-fifty, flat, flexible, forbearing,
foul, gentle, groggy, half-and-half, heartless, heavy,
hebetudinous, hopeless, humble, idle, immobile, impartial,
impassive, imperturbable, implicit, in a stupor, in abeyance,
in suspense, inactive, inane, incogitant, independent, indifferent,
inert, insouciant, laissez-aller, laissez-faire, lamblike, languid,
languorous, latent, leaden, lethargic, lifeless, listless, logy,
long-suffering, malleable, medio-passive, meditative, meek, middle,
middle voice, midway, moderate, motionless, neuter, neutral,
nirvanic, nonaligned, nonchalant, noncommitted, nondissenting,
nonpartisan, nonresistant, nonresisting, nonresistive, nonviolent,
numb, numbed, obedient, oblivious, on the fence, out of it, ovine,
paralytic, paralyzed, passive voice, patient, phlegmatic, placid,
pliable, pluckless, procrastinating, quiescent, quiet, quietist,
quietistic, receptive, reconciled, reflexive, relaxed, repressed,
resigned, sedentary, serene, servile, sheepish, slack, sleeping,
sleepy, sluggish, slumbering, smoldering, soporific, spiritless,
spunkless, stagnant, stagnating, standing, standpat, static,
stationary, still, stoic, stolid, stupefied, subdued, submissive,
subservient, supine, suspended, tacit, tame, third-force,
third-world, thoughtfree, thoughtless, tolerant, torpid, tractable,
tranquil, unaffected, unaroused, unassertive, uncaring,
uncommitted, uncomplaining, unconcerned, undisclosed, unexpressed,
unideaed, unintellectual, uninterested, uninvolved, unmoved,
unmoving, unoccupied, unperturbed, unreasoning, unresistant,
unresisting, unresponsive, unrevealed, unshaken, unthinking,
untouched, vacant, vacuous, vegetable, vegetative, voice,
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):
PASSIVE, com. law. All the sums of which one is a debtor. It is used in
contradistinction to active. (q.v.) By active debts are understood those
which may be employed in furnishing assets to a merchant to pay those which
he owes, which are called passive debts.