The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
parent \par"ent\ (p[^a]r"ent or p[=a]r"ent; 277), n. [L. parens,
-entis; akin to parere to bring forth; cf. Gr. porei^n to
give, beget: cf. F. parent. Cf. Part.]
1. One who begets, or brings forth, offspring; a father or a
Children, obey your parents in the Lord. --Eph. vi.
2. That which produces; cause; source; author; begetter; as,
idleness is the parent of vice.
Regular industry is the parent of sobriety.
Parent cell. (Biol.) See Mother cell, under Mother,
Parent nucleus (Biol.), a nucleus which, in cell division,
divides, and gives rise to two or more daughter nuclei.
See Karyokinesis, and Cell division, under Division.