2. [syn: principal axis, optic axis]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Optic \Op"tic\ ([o^]p"t[i^]k), Optical \Op"tic*al\
([o^]p"t[i^]*kal), a. [F. optique, Gr. 'optiko`s; akin to
'o`psis sight, 'o`pwpa I have seen, 'o`psomai I shall see,
and to 'o`sse the two eyes, 'o`ps face, L. oculus eye. See
Ocular, Eye, and cf. Canopy, Ophthalmia.]
1. Of, pertaining to, or using vision or sight; as, optical
illusions. [WordNet sense 2]
Syn: ocular, optic, visual.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]
The moon, whose orb
Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views.
2. Of or pertaining to the eye; ocular; as, the optic nerves
(the first pair of cranial nerves) which are distributed
to the retina; the optic (or optical) axis of the eye. See
Illust. of Brain, and Eye. [WordNet sense 3]
3. Relating to the science of optics or to devices designed
to assist vision; as, optical works; optical equipment.
[WordNet sense 1]
[1913 Webster +PJC]
Optic angle (Opt.), the angle included between the optic
axes of the two eyes when directed to the same point; --
sometimes called binocular parallax.
Optic axis. (Opt.)
(a) A line drawn through the center of the eye
perpendicular to its anterior and posterior surfaces.
In a normal eye it is in the direction of the optic
axis that objects are most distinctly seen.
(b) The line in a doubly refracting crystal, in the
direction of which no double refraction occurs. A
uniaxial crystal has one such line, a biaxial crystal
Optical circle (Opt.), a graduated circle used for the
measurement of angles in optical experiments.
Optical square, a surveyor's instrument with reflectors for
laying off right angles.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Axis \Ax"is\, n.; pl. Axes. [L. axis axis, axle. See Axle.]
A straight line, real or imaginary, passing through a body,
on which it revolves, or may be supposed to revolve; a line
passing through a body or system around which the parts are
2. (Math.) A straight line with respect to which the
different parts of a magnitude are symmetrically arranged;
as, the axis of a cylinder, i. e., the axis of a cone,
that is, the straight line joining the vertex and the
center of the base; the axis of a circle, any straight
line passing through the center.
3. (Bot.) The stem; the central part, or longitudinal
support, on which organs or parts are arranged; the
central line of any body. --Gray.
(a) The second vertebra of the neck, or vertebra
(b) Also used of the body only of the vertebra, which is
prolonged anteriorly within the foramen of the first
vertebra or atlas, so as to form the odontoid process
or peg which serves as a pivot for the atlas and head
to turn upon.
5. (Crystallog.) One of several imaginary lines, assumed in
describing the position of the planes by which a crystal
6. (Fine Arts) The primary or secondary central line of any
Anticlinal axis (Geol.), a line or ridge from which the
strata slope downward on the two opposite sides.
Synclinal axis, a line from which the strata slope upward
in opposite directions, so as to form a valley.
Axis cylinder (Anat.), the neuraxis or essential, central
substance of a nerve fiber; -- called also axis band,
axial fiber, and cylinder axis.
Axis in peritrochio, the wheel and axle, one of the
Axis of a curve (Geom.), a straight line which bisects a
system of parallel chords of a curve; called a principal
axis, when cutting them at right angles, in which case it
divides the curve into two symmetrical portions, as in the
parabola, which has one such axis, the ellipse, which has
two, or the circle, which has an infinite number. The two
axes of the ellipse are the major axis and the minor
axis, and the two axes of the hyperbola are the
transverse axis and the conjugate axis.
Axis of a lens, the straight line passing through its
center and perpendicular to its surfaces.
Axis of a microscope or Axis of a telescope, the straight
line with which coincide the axes of the several lenses
which compose it.
Axes of co["o]rdinates in a plane, two straight lines
intersecting each other, to which points are referred for
the purpose of determining their relative position: they
are either rectangular or oblique.
Axes of co["o]rdinates in space, the three straight lines
in which the co["o]rdinate planes intersect each other.
Axis of a balance, that line about which it turns.
Axis of oscillation, of a pendulum, a right line passing
through the center about which it vibrates, and
perpendicular to the plane of vibration.
Axis of polarization, the central line around which the
prismatic rings or curves are arranged. --Brewster.
Axis of revolution (Descriptive Geom.), a straight line
about which some line or plane is revolved, so that the
several points of the line or plane shall describe circles
with their centers in the fixed line, and their planes
perpendicular to it, the line describing a surface of
revolution, and the plane a solid of revolution.
Axis of symmetry (Geom.), any line in a plane figure which
divides the figure into two such parts that one part, when
folded over along the axis, shall coincide with the other
Axis of the equator, ecliptic, horizon (or other circle
considered with reference to the sphere on which it lies),
the diameter of the sphere which is perpendicular to the
plane of the circle. --Hutton.
Axis of the Ionic capital (Arch.), a line passing
perpendicularly through the middle of the eye of the
Neutral axis (Mech.), the line of demarcation between the
horizontal elastic forces of tension and compression,
exerted by the fibers in any cross section of a girder.
Optic axis of a crystal, the direction in which a ray of
transmitted light suffers no double refraction. All
crystals, not of the isometric system, are either uniaxial
Optic axis, Visual axis (Opt.), the straight line passing
through the center of the pupil, and perpendicular to the
surface of the eye.
Radical axis of two circles (Geom.), the straight line
perpendicular to the line joining their centers and such
that the tangents from any point of it to the two circles
shall be equal to each other.
Spiral axis (Arch.), the axis of a twisted column drawn
spirally in order to trace the circumvolutions without.
Axis of abscissas and Axis of ordinates. See Abscissa.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: in a doubly refracting crystal, the line in the direction
of which no double refraction occurs; "a crystal may have
either one or two optic axes"
2: a line that passes through the center of curvature of a lens
so that light is neither reflected nor refracted; "in a
normal eye the optic axis is the direction in which objects
are seen most distinctly" [syn: principal axis, optic