[syn: periwinkle, rose periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle, old maid, Cape periwinkle, red periwinkle, cayenne jasmine, Catharanthus roseus, Vinca rosea]
4. the loser in a game of old maid;
5. a card game using a pack of cards from which one queen has been removed; players match cards and the player holding the unmatched queen at the end of the game is the loser (or `old maid');
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Old \Old\, a. [Compar. Older; superl. Oldest.] [OE. old,
ald, AS. ald, eald; akin to D. oud, OS. ald, OFries. ald,
old, G. alt, Goth. alpeis, and also to Goth. alan to grow up,
Icel. ala to bear, produce, bring up, L. alere to nourish.
Cf. Adult, Alderman, Aliment, Auld, Elder.]
1. Not young; advanced far in years or life; having lived
till toward the end of the ordinary term of living; as, an
old man; an old age; an old horse; an old tree.
Let not old age disgrace my high desire. --Sir P.
The melancholy news that we grow old. --Young.
2. Not new or fresh; not recently made or produced; having
existed for a long time; as, old wine; an old friendship.
"An old acquaintance." --Camden.
3. Formerly existing; ancient; not modern; preceding;
original; as, an old law; an old custom; an old promise.
"The old schools of Greece." --Milton. "The character of
the old Ligurians." --Addison.
4. Continued in life; advanced in the course of existence;
having (a certain) length of existence; -- designating the
age of a person or thing; as, an infant a few hours old; a
cathedral centuries old.
And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou?
Note: In this use old regularly follows the noun that
designates the age; as, she was eight years old.
5. Long practiced; hence, skilled; experienced; cunning; as,
an old offender; old in vice.
Vane, young in years, but in sage counsel old.
6. Long cultivated; as, an old farm; old land, as opposed to
new land, that is, to land lately cleared.
7. Worn out; weakened or exhausted by use; past usefulness;
as, old shoes; old clothes.
8. More than enough; abundant. [Obs.]
If a man were porter of hell gate, he should have
old turning the key. --Shak.
9. Aged; antiquated; hence, wanting in the mental vigor or
other qualities belonging to youth; -- used disparagingly
as a term of reproach.
10. Old-fashioned; wonted; customary; as of old; as, the good
old times; hence, colloquially, gay; jolly.
11. Used colloquially as a term of cordiality and
familiarity. "Go thy ways, old lad." --Shak.
Old age, advanced years; the latter period of life.
Old bachelor. See Bachelor, 1.
Old Catholics. See under Catholic.
Old English. See under English. n., 2.
Old Nick, Old Scratch, the devil.
Old lady (Zool.), a large European noctuid moth (Mormo
(a) A woman, somewhat advanced in years, who has never
been married; a spinster.
(b) (Bot.) A West Indian name for the pink-flowered
periwinkle (Vinca rosea).
(c) A simple game of cards, played by matching them. The
person with whom the odd card is left is the old
Old man's beard. (Bot.)
(a) The traveler's joy (Clematis Vitalba). So named
from the abundant long feathery awns of its fruit.
(b) The Tillandsia usneoides. See Tillandsia.
Old man's head (Bot.), a columnar cactus (Pilocereus
senilis), native of Mexico, covered towards the top with
long white hairs.
Old red sandstone (Geol.), a series of red sandstone rocks
situated below the rocks of the Carboniferous age and
comprising various strata of siliceous sandstones and
conglomerates. See Sandstone, and the Chart of
Old school, a school or party belonging to a former time,
or preserving the character, manner, or opinions of a
former time; as, a gentleman of the old school; -- used
also adjectively; as, Old-School Presbyterians.
Old sledge, an old and well-known game of cards, called
also all fours, and high, low, Jack, and the game.
Old squaw (Zool.), a duck (Clangula hyemalis) inhabiting
the northern parts of both hemispheres. The adult male is
varied with black and white and is remarkable for the
length of its tail. Called also longtailed duck, south
southerly, callow, hareld, and old wife.
Old style. (Chron.) See the Note under Style.
Old Testament. See Old Testament under Testament, and
Old wife. [In the senses
c written also oldwife.]
(a) A prating old woman; a gossip.
Refuse profane and old wives' fables. --1 Tim.
(b) (Zool.) The local name of various fishes, as the
European black sea bream (Cantharus lineatus), the
American alewife, etc.
(c) (Zool.) A duck; the old squaw.
Old World, the Eastern Hemisphere.
Syn: Aged; ancient; pristine; primitive; antique; antiquated;
old-fashioned; obsolete. See Ancient.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Maid \Maid\, n. [Shortened from maiden. ?. See Maiden.]
1. An unmarried woman; usually, a young unmarried woman;
esp., a girl; a virgin; a maiden.
Would I had died a maid,
And never seen thee, never borne thee son. --Shak.
Can a maid forget her ornaments, or a bride her
attire? Yet my people have forgotten me. --Jer. ii.
2. A man who has not had sexual intercourse. [Obs.]
Christ was a maid and shapen as a man. --Chaucer.
3. A female servant.
Spinning amongst her maids. --Shak.
Note: Maid is used either adjectively or in composition,
signifying female, as in maid child, maidservant.
4. (Zool.) The female of a ray or skate, esp. of the gray
skate (Raia batis), and of the thornback (Raia
clavata). [Prov. Eng.]
Fair maid. (Zool.) See under Fair, a.
Maid of honor, a female attendant of a queen or royal
princess; -- usually of noble family, and having to
perform only nominal or honorary duties.
Old maid. See under Old.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: an elderly unmarried woman [syn: spinster, old maid]
2: any of various plants of the genus Zinnia cultivated for
their variously and brightly colored flower heads [syn:
zinnia, old maid, old maid flower]
3: commonly cultivated Old World woody herb having large pinkish
to red flowers [syn: periwinkle, rose periwinkle,
Madagascar periwinkle, old maid, Cape periwinkle, red
periwinkle, cayenne jasmine, Catharanthus roseus, Vinca
4: the loser in a game of old maid
5: a card game using a pack of cards from which one queen has
been removed; players match cards and the player holding the
unmatched queen at the end of the game is the loser (or `old
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
29 Moby Thesaurus words for "old maid":
Victorian, bachelor girl, bluenose, feme sole, fuddy-duddy, fuss,
fuss-budget, fusser, fusspot, goody-goody, granny, lone woman,
maid, maiden, maiden lady, mid-Victorian, old lady, old woman,
prig, prude, puritan, single girl, spinster, spinstress, squeamish,
tabby, vestal, vestal virgin, virgin